abilify 5mg high what does the d mean in allegra-d lisinopril medicine tablets what is naprosyn 500mg buying lipitor for dogs is rhinocort aqua safe during pregnancy canadian pharmacy online topamax where dipyridamole viagra over the counter walgreens pills costco allegra cost how to get ralista in australia alavert generic name prometrium side effects weight loss 25 mg seroquel price classification-of-zovirax what is levaquin 750 mg elavil online purchase can order rumalaya canada doxycycline uses in cats side effects of ophthacare one guy one jar video wiki buyers of dramamine canada us online pharmacy no prescription fertomid enzyte reviews amazon buy betnovate 100mg online montelukast granules dose malarone tablets tesco pharmacy mail order pharmacy technician jobs what if i missed a dose of zoloft where to get atorlip-20 pct order cialis professional pills ventolin overdose dosage ordering low dose adalat toradol pill canadian genetic disorder extra codons in the x sex chromosome septilin prices at costco common side effects of paxil forum generic order flonase online what kind of inhaler is atrovent inderal cheapest rate nitrofurantoin suspension australia snorting gabapentin to get high where to get diabecon pct what is nexium pills used for acheter metoclopramide lexapro billig kaufen mirapex indications usage what is the maximum dose of mestinon 100mg sertraline high dose glucophage medication guide doxycycline from china apcalis sx online bestellen allegra d no longer prescription generic accutane cost without insurance where can i buy feldene gel paroxetine online overnight shipping cheapest orlistat to buy pharmacy that sells evista alli diet pill reviews uk himalaya liv 52 capsules sildenafil citrate from china online ampicillin purchase online premarin overnight delivery zofran cost australia how to import exelon where purchase depakote mycelex-g medication side effects does keppra affect birth control pills thrush from flagyl 100mg minocycline twice a day generic form allopurinol brand name toradol online buy diflucan fluconazole capsule active ingredient effexor xr cost australia what does effexor xr generic look like us overnite pharmacy order promethazine w codeine syrup acivir pills generic name torsemide sale best medication for social anxiety and paranoia buy birth control pills without prescriptions omifin precio chile side effects of stopping citalopram 20 mg can i make dapoxetine why is there a shortage of atrovent purchase viagra jelly in usa betnovate 1/2 cream usage brand advair diskus looking for retin-a 0,05 drugstore.com buy nolvadex research purposes buy cephalexin with no rx alavert cost in canada ordering voveran sr can you drink while your on accutane risk of herpes transmission with valtrex viagra colours pharmacy that sells lexapro provera medicine cost of zestoretic where can i buy trazodone tablets why is there a shortage of revia canadian pharmacy nexium kamagra now co customer where to buy cheap generic ortho tri-cyclen can you get high snorting zyprexa buy entocort pills online ordering calan view topic prescription levitra no prescription available viagra rhinocort side effects in children alli weight loss drug interactions biaxin 500 mg price aciphex 20 mg for sale generic bactrim canada pharmacy has best price baclofen how to get off of lisinopril keppra mail order india cheap on line viagrpills stromectol generic canada crestor patent expiry canada buy generic chloroquine with bonus prednisolone acetate eye drops price lincocin 500 mg used buy ampicillin online cheap genuine hytrin best price lilly icos cialis 20mg diclofenac potassium 25mg order glyset cheap saw palmetto for sale philippines brahmi for dogs buy buy generic cafergot with bonus albendazole online from usa buy erythromycin 2 topical solution buy ventolin nebules 2.5 mg order compazine no prescription where can i buy aciclovir tablets 200mg buy amitriptyline 20mg drugstore how to get lamictal drug what dosage does zithromax come in erythromycin buy online mexico aceon cost symptoms of chlamydia in mouth canadian alliance terminals canada british avandamet drug schedule there generic innopran xl isotretinoin price canada buy kamagra gold online india cialis prix conseille' en pharmacie when will pfizer;s viagra patent expire negative side effects of seroquel nexium side effects australia purchase glucophage online no prescription now foods l-carnitine & acai where can i buy nexium from buy xalatan with paypal buy generic colchicine online comprar glyset original en madrid betapace online legally how long does it take for bactrim to clear up acne disfuncion erectil sintomas valsartan diovan side effects can you buy retin-a ge online fucidin buy india o uso de sertralina engorda stromectol medication side effects buy diamox online reviews zyrtec cost without insurance where can you buy viagra over the counter in canada coming off citalopram cold turkey indian generics online v-gel ordering zocor canada robert jarvik lipitor commercial low cost metoclopramide suprax 400mg and alcohol zyrtec over the counter strength norapred prednisona zoloft drug oversea gout allopurinol treatment zithromax next day can you buy haridra discount purchase crestor 5mg phenergan medication cost walgreens 24 hour pharmacy near me withdrawal from paxil medication prescription topical testosterone cream for men lopressor costco cheap kamagra uk com sildenafil indocin no prescription canada clavamox no without prescription where can i get combivent kamagra soft prices at costco kamagra gold doctors online what is benzac ac haldol prescription only prigily there generic equivalent nexium natural anxiety medication for cats generic viagra india online dutas overnight delivery free printable coupon for prilosec hoodia generico online is it safe to order eurax canadianpharmacy24h wellbutrin sr with paypal payment can order lopid canada over the counter capoten flovent for sale cabergoline buy generic strattera refill pack what is citalopram hydrobromide tablets anafranil low dose birth control can buy allopurinol online synthroid dosage tsh level order skelaxin online como se usa el combivent respimat western drug trandate amoxicillin tablet 875 mg - oral pharmacy mexico minocin amantadine pharmacies in buy cheap femara generic brand metoclopramide for men sale in uk buy blopress with no rx urispas online cheap best viagra prices 100mg pill shop what does a reglan pump look like aciclovir generic 2013 drugs mycanadianpharmacy.com, montreal to buy motrin in uk methotrexate legal in england to buy venlor in uk no prescription buy order isoniazid generic for zovirax ointment cost of yagara without insurance beat way to order etodolac buy trial erection packs 3 with a mastercard fast ginseng delivery baclofen tablets picture order non generic stromectol where can i get pilex exelon without script xerograx 120 mg que es bupron sr online coupon code etodolac medicine used can you buy estrace best online pharmacy generic silagra olanzapine billig kaufen buy zanaflex no prescription evista capsules non prescription celadrin pharmacy pharmacy escrow new name glucophage tablets no prescription zithromax biaxin from australia ginseng paypal donde puedo comprar atacand can order cholestoplex online buy over the counter serpina online acheter pas cher zyban rocaltrol reviews comprar trandate online buy erythromycin antibiotic prescription ilosone pletal side effects stroke pharmacy has best price phenergan where to buy unisom sleeptabs canadian why is there a shortage of pletal micronase for men sale in uk buy retin a boots isoniazid mg price what is the medication hydrochlorothiazide for can you get viagra over the counter in the us buy cheap olanzapine crestor 20 mg rosuvastatin online uk discount lipitor from lipitor rumalaya discount medications canadaviagra where to buy frozen acai in london biaxin cheap price strattera generic drug topical minoxidil and oral finasteride dostinex online overnight shipping cognitive side effects of keppra in children what does nitroglycerin look like antivert price india switching from zyprexa to abilify where to purchase ginseng naprosyn in croatia buy generic rosuvastatin do you need rx ralista is there a generic for erythromycin order adalat fedex withdrawal from trazodone symptoms insomnia cheap abilify canada prescription can you order terramycin haridra delivery london atrovent overseas voltaren patch acheter buy avodart with no rx amantadina, clordenamine, buy sinequan online usa canadian pharmacy cleocin ein yahav arava israel buy chloroquine without rx alli over the counter weight loss pill orlistat uses for z pack antibiotics cheapest cities to live in california how to get tegretol female viagra coupons accutane india companies only is it illegal to purchase prescription drugs online levaquin tablets side effects comprar duetact original how long does it take for atarax to take effect mexitil canada drug store nexium noprescrition needed usa online pharmacy paroxetine from china omeprazole alcohol consumption famvir tablets price best site get exelon imitrex cause weight gain order carafate how many claritin pills can i take buy procardia online without a prescription dosis de aciclovir en el adulto comprar calan original en madrid femara cost in canada ayurslim where to get anti anxiety medication over the counter uk depakote canadian pharmacy how to buy perscription differin0.5 in mexico singulair prices walmart decadron shopping does target pharmacy accept express scripts generic strattera launch where to get promethazine codeine arimidex tablets breast cancer cyklokapron doctors online clavamox liquid dosage for dogs mens health forum generic viagra arimidex online order viagra limited india can you buy phexin in ireland periactin lawsuit settlements generic zyprexa order benemid celadrin online cheap how to import benadryl can buy zenegra online extendaquin pills sweat indian generics online grifulvin v what is toradol 10mg buy robaxin online from uk tinidazole tablets from buy buy lopid for daily use actos pills pictures xeloda discounts codes what is bactroban ointment aristocort daily use reviews pilex prices cvs western drug hyaluronic acid tofranil visa cheap xenical buy online tetracycline for chlamydia canadian alliance of student associations scandal casa canada antivert lamisil canadian pharmacy cephalexin indian drugs finax popz salesforce where avodart canadian pharmacy drugs billig brafix online kaufen viagra on line no script cialis in adelaide what is viagra soft mg used to treat ordering viagra plus online pharmacy discount vasodilan online legally is beconase nasal spray safe in pregnancy allopurinol roche precio argentina emsam patch weight gain ventolin dose for children clonidine without a prescription from us lutera generic for alesse back brand cialis over the counter usa can you get addicted to paxil cordarone in the uk now provera 10 mg 10 days side effects should a healthy man take viagra carafate drugs acai berry costa rica resources for yagara side effects of prilosec 40 mg where to buy biaxin online uk do i need a second round of accutane order suhagra 100 pharmacie de garde geneve suisse eulexin limited india liquid mentax review long term side effects of benzac buy brand saw palmetto side effects of paxil in men purchase doxazosin cheap pharmacy eldepryl non perscription countries generic aspirin ingredients naprosyn canada overnight delivery overnight 100mg buy clomid levitra super active medicine buy cordarone with terramycin pharmacy prices list singulair discount medications grifulvin without prescription how old is alli simpson wiki buy generic cytoxan online buy motrin ib voveran sr pills lozol brand order order digoxin lanoxin recommended dosage of cytotec depakote discount coupons manufacturer forum order cheapest alavert online wellbutrin xl online antibiotics for uti uk safe place order ciplox brand name florinef online apcalis jelly 7s best generic sominex sites buy revia cheap alli for dogs buy what does tetracycline treat where to purchase viagra professional buy tadalafil paypal where to buy phentermine 37.5 tablets how to buy liv 52 in london there generic compazine doryx coupon code generic anastrozole effective arimidex hyaluronic acid uk next day delivery discount canadian pharmacy actoplus met success rates clomid fertility shots buy cheap biaxin viagra online without prescriptions nizoral anti-dandruff shampoo discontinued omnicef doctors online side effects of advair diskus 250 50 side effects of benicar blood pressure medication tri-cyclen order benicar 20 aspirin on line pill identifier with pictures m357 retino-a cream 0,025 brands india menosan sage tablets bioforce what is prednisone used for ortho tri-cyclen medicine online propecia 5mg dosage promethazine hcl 25mg legal to buy accutane online buy liv dolls canada super turbo 1000-lithium electric scooter ebay prometrium pregnancy category female viagra discounted orlistat order online how much is generic maxalt buy cialis without rx changing from celexa to wellbutrin zanaflex online cheap brand levitra usa resources for wellbutrin sr buyers of female viagra canada aciclovir without rx xalatan usa cvs prices allegra 120 cost in india cialis levitra viagra comparison tretinoin 0,025 reviews for men buy canada no prescription for eulexin buy rumalaya online india worldwide pharmacy tenormin alli price at sams suprax 400 uses what is phentermine hcl provera accutane lawsuit side effects ginseng pills for libido online remedy for ed acticin generic 2013 drugs long term side effects of mentat nexium from tablet vs capsule cvs generic drug list 2011 lopressor 40mg penegra tablets use otc drug sales data paxil withdrawal symptoms duration diovan hct cause weight gain topamax side effects eyes lioresal online bestellen legal order antibiotics online pharmacies buy abilify online aripiprazole beconase aq prices cvs paroxetine overdose death buy steroids mexico pharmacy i pill nexium website plendil generic for order wellbutrin sr cheap buy relafen in india online
Home Biz of Baseball - Interviews Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 1512 guests online

Atom RSS

Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 12
PoorBest 
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 18 July 2004 12:00

Marvin MillerStarting in 1965 with his election to the MLB Players Association, Marvin Miller changed the face of MLB forever by turning a loosely knit players association into one of, if not the, strongest Unions in the Nation.

In this interview, Miller talks of issues such as privacy rights and the BALCO case, the player pension plan, the 2002 CBA, and much more.


When the book on SABR is written, it will never be said that its member base doesn’t have its priorities straight. I say this since the topic: “Who would be on baseball’s Mt. Rushmore?” made the rounds via email this year within my regional chapter. George Washington? Thomas Jefferson? Nah, let’s get serious and talk baseball.

It made for light and interesting discussions. Rickey was mentioned by most. Hulbert by some. Landis, by others. But, Marvin Miller was on every list. There was no question about his place in history.

A few days later, I was looking into the Introduction of Miller’s book, “A Whole Different Ballgame” which Bill James had penned. It seems that we were not alone in this assessment:

“If ever baseball buys itself a mountain and starts carving faces in it, one of the first men to go up is sure to be Marvin Miller.”

So there it is.

Marvin Miller may be the biggest lightning rod the game has ever seen. The creation of the Players Union initiated something of a war with MLB that borders on Jihad. MLB management loathes him. To the rank-and-file players at the time, he must have been seen as something just short of God.

At the time of his arrival, and the eventual breaking of the Reserve Clause, he was viewed by many as a harbinger of the “end of baseball as we knew it.” Surely, the maverick Players Union would destroy Major League Baseball. He elevated the pay of players, created the free agency system in place today, and helped provide benefits, such as a solid pension plan, that allows players to do more than simply survive after retirement. The changes, however, altered the public perception. Players no longer were part of a city – part of the family or “one of the guys.” Now, the players were “out of touch with the common man” and “looking out to make a buck.”

Instead of baseball’s demise, baseball grew exponentially, and both sides amassed untold wealth. Distrust flourished. The Players Union, in concert with management, set into motion repeated strikes and lockouts. Fans venomously cursed both sides. “The million dollar players should be happy to be involved in a game children play. And, the multi-million dollar owners should quit crying poverty and be happy they’re as rich as they are,” were constant themes.

For better or worse, baseball has been forever changed since the MLBPA was recognized in 1966. There is no turning back, although I think the owners would like nothing better.

In framing this interview, I knew that a man with the impact of Miller had already been questioned in great detail. So, this interview focuses more on the present than the past. He is still a man of great conviction. The printed word here will fail to convey the nuances and inflections when the topics of Constitutional rights and the BALCO Trail were raised. Or, how he slowly and purposefully reminded me that the Press never has fully understood what the Union can, and cannot, do for the former players not covered by the pension plan.

What’s ironic is that the chance for Miller to be immortalized in stone is probably better than his induction into the Hall of Fame. But all that aside, never let it be said that he isn’t one of, if not the, greatest men that has impacted professional baseball. - Maury Brown


BizBall: When you were elected head of the MLBPA in 1966, the players were portrayed by some as being nothing more than indentured servants of management. You organized and galvanized the loose knit players’ association into the force that it is today. It seems since that time that the pendulum has been moving in the Union’s favor since. Is that still the case, or was the outcome of the 2002 CBA a step back for the MLBPA?

Miller: It is difficult to have a valid opinion when you are not part of the negotiations. You are forced to make a judgment from the outside just looking at the contract itself and the various positions. What you don’t know is--what I don’t know at least is what were the factors that deem themselves important to consider in taking was now perceived to be taking backward steps.

I am not ducking the question, but I really don’t know the answer to it. Let me explain by first saying, looking at the contract itself I would have to conclude along with others that those were backward steps. But then I force myself to look at a little below the picture, and one that is kind of startling when you think about it, that is that I think the present leadership of the players’ Union has had to contend with something that I never did, and that is they have had to contend with a membership consisting of not one single player who ever had any baseball life prior to the Union. Not one player is able to fully evaluate what the Union has meant to players as a group, and that is a very tough problem to contend with. I think it has to temper any judgment about steps backward.


BizBall: Do you feel that the public’s appetite for MLB would have been severely diminished if a lockout or strike would have occurred in 2002?

Miller: I think temporarily, but I am not one of those who ever believed the propaganda of labor disputes would be the cause of a permanent loss of fans. It never has been and I doubt it ever will.

BizBall: Is the public’s concern something that comes to the negotiating table, or is the overriding concern of a representative of his or her labor Union to get as much for their respective constituency as possible?

Miller: I think you have to bring it down to the cases. For example, in all of those years when I was with the Steel Workers Union, there probably was not a single dispute that wasn’t settled in the White House, and the reason, of course, was that a nationwide steel dispute heavily impinged on the nation’s economy.

When steel went down in those days, pretty soon so did automobiles and so did residence and building construction and onward, and you were dealing with widespread increasing unemployment. So, it was both a public issue and a government issue. In that kind of situation, public opinion is
MLBPAextremely important because sooner or later, after it ends up or gets to the White House, pretty soon the Congress is there, and that becomes a serious matter.

I have never had that kind of a feeling in baseball even though, if you were to judge by the amount of ink that the media spent on it, you would assume it was a matter of great public concern. But, when you examined it, it really wasn’t. My concern in those days was not the public relations aspect in the same sense that a steel public relations reaction in steel was. My concern in those days was that if this gets loud enough, the players will be affected and that’s all. Because I never considered it rising to the level of a national emergency dispute like the mega-steel dispute and nor would I consider that the so called public relations damage would be more than fleeting and small.

BizBall: In 2002 there was considerable talk of a Worldwide Amateur draft taking place. Since that time the issue seems to have been swept under the carpet. What is your take on the concept of the worldwide draft?

Miller: You mean to remove the exemptions if there have been?

BizBall: Yes.

Miller: I don’t know. I haven’t thought about it a lot except for the extent that I have never approved of the idea of a private industry having the right to draft anybody. At no time, for no reason. To me a draft has to do with a governmental function in the time of emergency.

BizBall: Also in 2002 the main topic of conversation was the elimination of teams via contraction by the League. There is verbiage within the last CBA that opens the topic back up, at least in principle, for 2006. Was contraction a straw man in the last CBA and do you feel it will be an issue in the next CBA with the current Union?

Miller: I think first that it was a straw man. I think it was a kind of double-barreled power ploy. It was a ploy in a sense that they were trying to scare the Union that it was going to have a loss of  membership and I think it was a ploy and the usual communities who might balk at public financing of baseball stadiums.

In that sense, it was a clever ploy but not really an effective one.


BizBall: The Expos were a part of the contraction scenario in the last CBA. Since then they have become vagabonds of the League with "home" games being played in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Stuck in the middle have been the players. Did you feel the Players Union represented the Expos players properly on this matter?

Miller: No. I am not sure they were treated right at all.

BizBall: Did the League create this monster of a situation by expanding too fast in the early ‘90s?

Miller: I don’t know about that connection, but I do not think that you can view the expansion as being too much or too little, except in relation to the demand for them. In other words, if you look at the economics of it, with each expansion they raised the entry level price and yet had eager buyers literally standing in line, holding their hats in hand, hoping their bids for a new franchise would be rewarded.

Given that kind of economics and given the fact that the demand was always there and at an increasing price, it’s hard to say if expansion was too rapid – too rapid for what? How do you measure these things except the fact that when they offer the opportunity for expansion, eager applicants came forward, even with tremendously rising price of buying a new franchise?


BizBall: Do you think that it’s possible that expansion was done simply to offset the damages incurred when it was ruled that there was collusion within the League to keep player salaries down? Over the past few seasons, there has been a dramatic decline in the rate in which player salaries have risen. Collusion is being discussed by the MLBPA, and to that end, the Union has requested that Agents keep notes on contract negotiations. Management points to the overall national economy, which has been in decline, as the driving factor. What are your views on the matter?

Miller: I think management’s argument that the general economy ought to be looked at as a factor is probably very weak when you consider past recessions and the rise of baseball salaries. The salaries continue to rise--no matter what the factor of the national economy was--for the simple reason that they had been underpriced for so long that a lot of steam had built up and salaries have kept going no mater what the general economy was. And I would expect that, over time, there might be some leveling off, but without being able to demonstrate it if you want my feeling, my feeling is that collusion was playing a part in the last year or two.

BizBall: On the issue of steroids, and more specifically the BALCO case. Recently there was news that the names of some of the players associated with testing samples were seized by the IRS as part of the Grand Jury investigation. Do you feel that steroid testing, as a whole, is an encroachment of privacy rights for the players?

Miller: Well, I do, but I think the more serious issue really is the attempt by the government through the Justice Department through pressure from the President through continuing pressure by Senator McCain; I think this gets beyond the privacy question. This gets to be one which, when you put it together with the fact that the records that they were trying to seize were testing  records made by the parties who had agreed that it would be a confidential, anonymous test as a first step in developing a testing program. I think the government’s attempt to infringe on that is outrageous. I think what you are dealing with, once the government steps in with that, what you’re dealing with is a violation of the constitutional rights of people. By that I mean it’s one thing if an employer makes it a labor-management issue. It’s quite another when the government says, "I now will subpoena records of confidential tests and I will use the material," which, after all is tantamount to saying, "I will require self-incrimination and I may send some of you to jail." I think the sports media, like so much of the other media, is just asleep on this issue.

BizBall: Do you have any regrets over the years that the vested parties of the MLBPA pension plan did not include more of the population of former ballplayers; i.e. Pete Coscarart et al?

Miller: Well, again the media is terribly at fault in this. The fact is that the player’s Union all through the years, starting with when it became a legitimate Union in 1966, in every single pension negotiation has dealt with former players already retired in a far more generous manner than any other employees in the United States. That is, in negotiation after negotiation, the player’s Union treated former players, who as long as they had even one day of service ten years before those negotiations--then later one day of service in any of the 15 years prior to those negotiations--it treated such employees as if they were still active. No other pension plan in the United States has ever done that, ever!

Now when you get to
, that’s different. That’s the group of players who never were part of the benefit plan. They were not members. And, they were not members, many of them,Pete Coscarart because the players of that period when the pension plan first went into existence in 1947, perhaps because they were dealing with an inadequate amount of money to make a decent pension plan, agreed to the owners’ proposal that anybody who was not on a major league roster on the last day of the 1946 season or the first day of the 1947 season, no matter how many years of major league service he had, would not be a member of the plan.

Now think about it. That meant that somebody with say ten or twenty years of service who had been released before the last day of the 1946 season was treated as if he had never been in the major leagues. This was done by the players before there was any organization. This was done by their fellow players. Now, I’m not saying that because that happened nothing should be done--far from it. I am saying that the people who have written about this are mighty careless in blaming the Union, which didn’t even exist then. But more than that, they don’t seem to understand two things. Number one is that players well, what the most important point is that the Union under law, is not the representative of a former employee. I don’t know if you know that. Two Supreme Court decisions state that an employer is not even required to negotiate with the Union with regard to a former employee. That’s true whether it is baseball or steel or anything. A former employee is not a member of the bargaining unit so an employer is free to say, "Not only won’t I do anything I won’t even talk to you about it." And if the Union were to strike on that issue the Union would be liable for all damages occurring to the employee’s business. That’s the first thing.

The second thing is, the writers who write about this, who are careless about this in my opinion, is that it’s not even clear that a Union would have the legal right to now negotiate inclusion into a pension plan of people who it didn’t represent, and who had never been covered; because the assets in that plan belong to the members of the plan under law. They do not belong to people who were never members of the plan and you have a very serious question of law involved. I don’t know the answer to it, but it is no simple matter.

But, I come back to my original point. This notion that people who were never members of the plan that the Union becomes the one obliged to do something, or the players -- the current players -- that just doesn’t hold water. The employer, if anybody, is responsible for the pensionless status of its former employees not the current employees. The employer is responsible.

I once asked a writer of the New York Times who was writing a lot of blather about this, whether he thought that he and his fellow Times’ reporters were liable for the pensionless status of former writers of the Times at a time when there was no pension plan.

BizBall: What was his reaction?

Miller: He said, "Well, no." (laughs) So why are the present players obligated?

BizBall: As a former Union head, what was your take on the MLUA and Ritchie Phillips’ ill-fated strategy of having the Umpires resign en masse?

Miller: (Laughing) I think the foolishness of it has been demonstrated.

BizBall: Are you surprised it took as long as it did for teams to resort to the strategy of non-tendering large numbers of players who wouldn't otherwise be eligible for free agency?

Miller: I’m more surprised that the Union has not stepped in to prevent it.

BizBall: From an MLBPA perspective, would it be good to have big-market teams fund incentives for small-market teams to field more competitive teams, as opposed to current revenue sharing which arguably doesn’t encourage small-market teams?

Miller: It’s hard to say. Revenue sharing may well have a part to play in terms of competitive balance. I’m not convinced that it does; other people disagree. I think, for example, even prior to  this agreement, involving both revenue sharing and so called luxury tax, I think the competitive balance among all the teams in baseball is probably better than it was when I was a young fan. When I was a young fan, I think it’s eminently provable that there’s far more balance now than when the Yankees would win fourteen pennants in sixteen years and when taken together, the Yankees and the St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Giants would win everything almost every year. So, I’m not sure revenue sharing is a constructive thing at all.

BizBall: There has been considerable concern in Wisconsin about how Miller Park was funded, with a considerable portion of that coming from the public. Milwaukee has since then set team payrolls so low it has created poor-quality product on the field. A salary floor might possibly prevent some of these problems. Is a topic of a salary floor a step toward creation of a salary cap?

Miller: Not necessarily. I mean, there’s always been a salary floor ever since the Union negotiated minimum salaries. I don’t think that having a floor necessarily means you have to have a cap. We have a minimum wage in this country, but we don’t have a maximum wage.

BizBall: How do you view your role in the history of the game? Given the history between management and the MLBPA do you think you’ll get the votes to be in the Baseball Hall of Fame?

Miller: (chuckles) No. I think the votes were never there. I found it interesting. But [it was] kind of uninformed when so many people said just because they changed the method of voting for non-players from the old veterans committee to all of the living members of the Hall of Fame that that necessarily meant I would be eligible. (chuckles) I never agreed with that. I think it left out an awful lot of factors.

One of the reasons I didn’t agree with all of this, is that I think anybody who has ever been a Union leader has to have gained some skill at being able to predict votes in advance. I think that what’s disastrous for a labor leader is to not have that skill.

For example, to call for a strike vote and have the membership turn it down. That’s the end of credibility. Or for a Union leader to go into difficult negotiations, reach a settlement, and then submit it to the membership for ratification and have it rejected. That’s almost the end of the Union.

So, you really have to learn how to forecast votes in advance, and one of the things you do is look at the facts.

Fact number one is that an awful lot of players in the Hall of Fame are pre-Union. They never had anything to do with the Union back in that terrible period.

Number two, is that many of those players and many of the players who were playing in the period in which in which I was involved, after they were through playing, became employed by management. A whole different mindset is set up.

Just for example Monte Irvin in the Hall of Fame is a very nice guy, but the last fifteen years in this working life he worked for Bowie Kuhn. You wouldn’t vote for me would you? And it’s not just Monte Irvin. There are people on the Cubs and people on the Red Sox and Hall of Fame who have worked for management and are working for management. There’s this fine great ball player in the Hall of Fame, who’s vice president of a major league team and so on.

And then there are members of the press who vote who are the newspaper reporters wing of the Hall of Fame. While some of those might vote for me many would not. There were a lot of them who were, if not in the owners’ pockets, at least on their laps. There are the radio and TV announcers who interestingly enough in almost every case cannot be announcers in radio and TV unless the clubs that they are telecasting or broadcasting agree. They hold the veto power over them.

And then finally, if all else fails, to make anybody understand how the votes go, if you have to get 75% of the vote and you do what the Hall of Fame people did two years ago or a year ago, put fifteen people on the ballot. You are making it almost statistically improbable that anyone is going to get 75% of the vote and in fact, no one did.

In the history of the United States, this is just to give you a contrast, while occasionally there are three candidates or four candidates, in most cases there are two. And with only two candidates on the ballot, except for George Washington in his first term, who ran unopposed, with only two people on the ballot--in all the rest of the elections no presidential candidate ever got anywhere near 75% of the vote.

BizBall: Do you feel that there will ever be a truly independent commissioner like we saw in Kenesaw Landis?

Miller: I don’t think there’s ever been an independent commissioner, including Landis. If you think about it at all, it was never meant to be that way. Landis had some assets that enabled him to  appear to be independent. That is, there was a fear asset. Baseball was truly shaken by the Black Sox scandal. And they felt grateful to be able to get a federal judge to come off the bench and become commissioner. And what they never wanted to have happen was to have a former federal judge like Landis resign and blast them for something and so that gave him a certain power. But he was never truly independent. Nor can any commissioner be independent when he doesn’t have a dime in the game. Things don’t work that way. If the owners of the game who own franchises disapprove of a commissioner it’s the simplest thing in the world to get rid of him, contract or no contract, it’s simply about paying off the contract, and every commissioner knows that. The result is that every commissioner except Landis, who died in office and Bart Giamatti who died in office after a short term, every commissioner sooner or later is fired. It’s not always reported that way. Sometimes it’s reported as a failure to renew his contract. Sometimes it’s reported as a suggestion that he take a pension and retire. Sometimes it’s more frank than that; he’s fired. But looked at realistically, except for the two who have died in office, everyone has been fired except the present one and eventually he will be too.

BizBall: What do you feel Bud Selig’s legacy will be?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know it’s hard to know what Selig’s legacy will be. You know I am absolutely amused at the way media treats people when they’re gone. You know. I think the Reagan fiasco is a case in point. How they will treat Selig after he’s gone, I don’t know. I am concerned that he has just been oblivious to the danger and the damage done by ignoring the conflict of interest that’s involved. I think that is a permanent damage. How historians will treat that, I do not know.

BizBall: What about your legacy? Have you had time to reflect on that? Is that something you care to look upon or comment about?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know every once in awhile you are forced to when you get to be my age. I’m referring to the fact that former commissioner Fay Vincent is involved in a project now, in connection with the Hall of Fame, in which he is interviewing various living people, obviously, who have had a part in baseball history. They are doing this project on film for the benefit of future generations of fans and scholars. As Fay said, when you do a project of this type, you interview the older members first, (laughs) to make sure they are still around. Certainly, you are forced to think about this, but in terms of things I would hope for, is that I would be remembered in terms of having playing a major part in building the first legitimate and still remaining the only legitimate trade Union in the team sports movement. A Union that has demonstrated to be one of great solidarity and integrity and unity and accomplishment. And that’s good enough.

The following interview was originally published on the SABR Business of Baseball website, and can be read here: SABR Business of Baseball Interviews Page

Interview conducted by Maury Brown on 7/13/04. Edited by Jeff Sackmann.

 
 
Banner

Poll

Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?