best free balance transfer credit card capital one visa secured credit card compare travel credit card canada citi american airlines credit card 40000 hsbc premier credit card malaysia unsecured credit cards for bad credit with no bank account best secured credit cards to rebuild credit 2013 free cell phones no credit check no deposit no credit card credit card number format meaning skywards platinum card emirates nbd nandos black card song sbi credit cards online bill payment can you use best buy gift cards to pay credit card icici hpcl platinum credit cards pentagon credit card credit union low credit score credit cards australia best credit card for rewards travel best credit cards for international college students best buy credit cards pay bill natwest gold credit card review vanilla mastercard gift cards how to increase hdfc gold credit card limit online reducing credit card debt fast create free virtual credit card guaranteed payday loans for bad credit apply for halifax clarity credit card secured credit cards for really bad credit canada best credit card rewards what is the best credit card for travel rewards 2013 credit card protection faulty goods united credit card offer no annual fee list of credit card companies in the united states pay vanquis credit card online unsecured loans with bad credit nz credit card free travel insurance uk credit cards guaranteed approval no deposit canada credit cards for newly discharged bankruptcy gulf oil company credit cards list of subprime credit card issuers payday loan online buy gold uk credit card online loans in south africa prepaid credit card hdfc credit card helpline number delhi ncr citibank business credit card online payment interest free credit cards on new purchases best air mile rewards credit cards hdfc credit card address change form tesco credit card 0 offer best corporate credit card singapore ways to pay off credit card debt need a credit card fast in india loans for military with bad credit and no credit check update apple credit card info bad credit loan companies online how to get a loan with bad credit canada credit card information not valid psn apply credit card poor credit history capital 1 credit card ppi claims maurices credit card hsbc credit card rewards singapore airlines credit card verification form apply for a credit card online and get instant approval td canada trust credit card student best credit cards for bad credit rating orchard bank credit card how long before wells fargo secured credit card is unsecured icici bank instant platinum credit card review apply for a credit card low interest rates fake credit card numbers generator how to do online credit card fraud prepaid credit cards no fees no monthly fees compare travel points credit cards credit card comparison malaysia 2013 hsbc credit card promotions malaysia best credit card transfer rate nz easy credit cards with bad credit cibc credit card login poor credit history credit cards canada 0 interest balance transfer credit cards direct payday loan lender sites can i get a credit card after chapter 13 bankruptcy pay hdfc credit card bill online neft best buy reward zone credit card login can credit card companies garnish your wages in pennsylvania hsbc canada credit card bad credit need a credit card with no upfront setup fees business credit card comparison 2011 tiger airways credit card holder must travel payday advance no credit check no faxing best canadian credit cards for bad credit compare the market credit cards balance transfer credit card processing uk comparison heartland credit card processing contact rfid credit card protector case lane bryant credit card contact us bank of america merchant services credit card rates chase credit card personal loans can you get cashback with a capital one credit card pay off credit card debt with bank loan guaranteed approval unsecured visa credit cards balance transfer to current account lloyds no annual fee credit cards with rewards in india balance transfer calculator malaysia secured credit card no foreign transaction fee maurices credit card review capital one best buy credit card customer service number standard chartered credit card bill payment online need for speed carbon reward cards cheat icici credit card offers horizon gold credit card reviews bad credit mortgage scotland ncix credit card verification failed very bad credit loans no guarantor no broker punishment for credit card fraud uk citi shell credit card login american express platinum travel credit card offers india bank credit card comparison us bank secured credit card myfico natwest credit card points online how to settle credit card debt with a collection agency what retail stores have reward cards ebay credit card review best american airlines credit card deals chase visa card application singapore credit cards comparison 2011 credit card calculator apr citi freedom credit card login sbi credit card charges for foreign transactions top ten best prepaid credit cards apple credit card swipe for iphone facebook credits cards prepaid credit card no transaction fee list of secured credit card issuers apply for sears credit card over phone unsecured credit cards after bankruptcy discharge canada what are the different types of credit cards available balance transfer offers poor credit amazon credit card payments top 10 credit cards in canada weekly pay loans orchard credit card bank pay orchard credit card by phone credit card fraud detection fake visa credit card numbers and security codes that work top credit cards for students 2013 joint credit card account natwest credit card fraud centre credit card payment protection insurance compensation neiman marcus credit card payment center credit cards deals existing customers standard chartered credit card customer care number malaysia how to get a business loan with bad credit in canada what credit card should i get if i have bad credit online credit card processing no monthly fees icici credit card helpline number hyderabad unsecured credit cards for low credit scores online virtual terminal credit card processing uk loan with bad credit history india sbi credit card charges value city credit card account compare travel visa cards canada how to get a best buy credit card with no credit prepaid visa cards for bad credit gold card greenwoods best delta credit card deal best buy credit card login us types of credit cards accepted in india same day payday loans online lenders national city bank credit card application using company credit cards for personal use bank of america credit card online help barclays mobile credit card terminal virtual prepaid credit card uk payday loans no fees no calls low interest rate credit card for college students icici credit card apply online in india chase disney credit card login credit card protection insurance australia prepaid credit cards free visa desjardins credit card application status credit card number and security code and expiration date square iphone credit card marriott reward credit card phone number paypal seller protection stolen credit card southwest credit card deals 2013 apply for credit card with bad credit college student credit cards visa tesco credit card insurance claims bank of america credit card merchant account need a loan with bad credit and no checking account citibank credit card settlement pay walmart credit card bill online credit cards for no credit and no bank account what is the best secured credit card to get in canada good credit card score range how hard is it to get a natwest credit card dbs black card magazine tesco finance online credit card opt out of receiving credit card applications free virtual credit card for paypal verification chase credit card travel miles sbi credit card settlement process how do i get a cash advance on my usaa credit card bad credit loans online approval unsecured loan bad credit instant decision visa credit cards numbers that work is it worth getting a loan to pay off credit cards icici hpcl platinum credit card offer black cardamom powder global credit card fraud statistics what bank will give me a credit card with bad credit in australia barclays us airways credit card application status visa debit cards work in europe credit cards for college students under 18 barclays black card credit limit american express compare credit cards ipad credit card apple id secured credit card bad credit no deposit when was the first credit card issued in the united states tips for paying off credit card debt quickly best hotel rewards credit card uk sears canada credit card services prepaid credit card visa canada personal bad credit loan my premier credit card pay online visa credit card prepaid gift cards african bank personal loans online how to get cash loans with bad credit credit card terminal rolls bad credit payday loans direct best credit card for travel insurance canada hsbc uk credit card number credit card processing charges uk blue sky credit card review canada does it hurt your credit to apply for credit cards and get denied credit card terminal rental easiest gas credit card for bad credit can you use a credit card to buy a money order at the post office chase credit rewards cards accept credit cards with paypal card reader 100 guaranteed credit card approval uk platinum card post office what is a good balance transfer credit card good credit card deals australia tata sbi credit card online payment billdesk credit cards with cashback on gas 0 interest balance transfer credit cards australia apply for sears credit card hsbc apple credit card reader for ipad company credit card policy for employees belk credit card benefits credit card processing for small business reviews hsbc credit card application online status online credit card checker free download how to calculate credit card interest on a purchase visa cards india offers reclaim credit card charges calculator calculate monthly credit card interest calculator can i claim ppi on my halifax credit card joint credit card tesco city union bank credit card apply credit cards with rewards bad credit credit card interest rates 2013 capital one credit card app status best place for a college student to get a credit card small business credit card cancel credit card credit rating loans with bad credit direct lenders zero percent interest credit cards for 12 months capital one rebuild credit cards emergency cash loans for bad credit payday loan no credit check no fee best buy credit card rewards zone credit card uk call centre indusind bank credit cards personal loans bank of america corporate credit card login park hyatt credit card authorization form loans to consolidate credit cards fixed rate credit card offers credit limit increase good or bad best buy reward zone credit card review top 50 credit card companies payday loans online no credit check instant approval uk payday lenders uk 2013 top zero interest credit cards credit card verification code aaa bank of america credit card login peoples trust secured mastercard credit card application how to get credit cards paid off faster everyday rewards credit card review credit card number checker generator virtual visa card wiki discover credit card car loans aib visa debit card ireland walmart credit card credit requirements low interest unsecured credit cards for bad credit i need a credit card today with bad credit visa credit card number generator with cvv2 track icici credit card application status best united credit card miles how to eliminate credit card debt quickly online application for bob credit cards credit card application hsbc philippines how to get credit card limit increase chase credit card with no annual fee and low interest rate in india hdfc platinum credit card flight offer best credit card canada rewards travel unsecured bad credit loan for personal use barclays credit card credit check sears canada credit card fnb credit card repayment calculator amex black credit card requirements i don;t want a credit card on my apple id american express cash advance australia how to apply for bpi mastercard debit card instant cash loans no upfront fees chevron credit card application status can you pay best buy credit card with gift card hack valid credit card numbers with cvv numbers what if i dont pay advance america accept credit card payments uk what is a credit card issue number visa how can i pay icici credit card bill online pay my toys r us credit card online andhra bank credit card apply online credit card ppi claim calculator best credit card rewards programme loans online with monthly payments ireland best credit card rewards programs australia rewards credit card credit card authorisation form template australia skim block credit card protector natwest credit card protection plan complete list of all credit cards mastercard priceless cities black card benefits natwest best buy rewards master credit card pay my first premier credit card processing fee free virtual visa credit cards payday lenders uk 2012 compare credit card interest rates ireland gap visa card services secured credit cards with cashback rewards temporary visa credit card number household best buy credit card login best buy credit card app how to know axis bank credit card reward points credit card debt on death uk do company credit cards affect personal credit no international transaction fee credit cards australia how to get a prepaid credit card with your name on it best reward credit cards for fair credit td visa gold card travel insurance chase credit limit increase credit cards to apply for after chapter 7 bankruptcy home loan quotes online credit card application online philippines axis bank credit card apply procedure barclay credit card application india hyatt credit card authorisation form credit card fraud alert 2013 disney credit card chase bank best bad credit loan companies best business credit cards with travel rewards best visa credit cards 2011 credit cards in canada for newcomers credit union credit cards canada home depot credit card services customer service joint credit card nationwide ipad apps for credit card processing loans with bad credit same day best cashback credit card canada 2013 business credit card balance transfer 0 orange prepaid credit card paypal lloyds tsb student credit card apply online new york and company credit card phone number how to apply for a credit card with bad credit in the philippines lloyds credit card insurance on purchases visa credit card insurance uk can i buy costco cash card with visa commonwealth bank credit card travel insurance review best cashback credit cards august 2012 fidelity 2 cash back cards does discover credit card work in canada matrix secured credit card by discover bad credit credit cards guaranteed approval australia opt out of credit card offers gov how many different credit card types are there usaa secured credit card credit check good credit card apr rates sbi credit card personal loan what credit card can i get bank of america zero interest credit card fake credit card numbers with security code credit visa card number instant bad credit loans no paperwork best reward credit card comparison virgin america barclay credit card login approved cash advance commonwealth bank credit card repayment calculator best credit cards with rewards uk hsbc corporate credit card malaysia personal online loans with installment student credit card visa login purchasing bad credit card debt fake credit card numbers with security code for itunes random visa card security code advance payday loans in augusta ga best travel credit cards with no annual fee how to increase credit card limit chase what is the best credit card terminal company payday loan lenders 2013 icici credit card applying online matrix discover credit card application standard chartered credit card review philippines credit card verification ncix paypal metal business card chase /credit card holder hdfc bank credit card loans apply for marriott credit card uk next day pay loans hsbc credit card cash advance limit is the amazon visa card a credit card how to get reward points in hdfc platinum credit card uk credit card rate comparison long term installment loans online credit card bank mega best capital one student credit card visa credit card comparison australia low interest credit card no transfer fee is it good to apply for multiple credit cards natwest student credit card uk cheapest credit card rates in sa credit card payment machines uk does western union accept credit cards secured credit card with no annual fee allied cash advance careers marriott rewards credit cards review can you get cash from a walmart visa gift card standard chartered credit card online application status city bank credit card login singapore credit card protection plan td bank credit card rates instant payday loans no credit check canada prada credit card holder apply for costco credit card online myer visa card application form costco credit card machine uk chevron credit card payment mailing address credit card helpline number icici bank annual gold card partner card calculate credit card interest payment bad credit personal loans online credit cards deals india credit score needed for sams club discover card mastercard prepaid card bank of ireland visa debit card overdraft excellent credit rewards cards chase credit cards customer service 0 interest rate credit card australia hotel rewards credit cards reviews best unsecured credit card for bad credit rating compare low interest credit cards australia sbi credit card payment by cheque in favour of credit card companies charging new fees 100 guaranteed payday loan lenders circuit city credit card payment citibank credit card cash advance pin can you use a visa gift card to get cash back best credit cards for bankruptcy filers jp morgan chase business credit card chase cash advance credit card limit commonwealth bank credit cards contact ez payday advance topeka ks priceline 2 cash back credit card westpac credit card travel insurance policy iphone credit card processing canadian tire mastercard interest rate ulster bank credit card rates ireland get your credit card instantly cash back credit card supermarket prepaid canadian credit cards chase slate card credit limits get prepaid visa card number online instant cash advance online hdfc credit card deals and offers payment address for bank of america credit cards online prepaid credit card hsbc credit card rewards points kisan credit card agricultural loan from sbi marks and spencer credit card charges abroad mobile credit card processing canada reviews ace cash advance requirements comparing travel rewards credit cards canada quick payday loans lenders best buy capital one credit card payment cash loans today bad credit compare credit card rates calculator credit cards for bad credit history instant decision uk how long does it take to get credit card in mail
Home Biz of Baseball - Interviews Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 668 guests online

Atom RSS

Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 12
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 18 July 2004 12:00

Marvin MillerStarting in 1965 with his election to the MLB Players Association, Marvin Miller changed the face of MLB forever by turning a loosely knit players association into one of, if not the, strongest Unions in the Nation.

In this interview, Miller talks of issues such as privacy rights and the BALCO case, the player pension plan, the 2002 CBA, and much more.

When the book on SABR is written, it will never be said that its member base doesn’t have its priorities straight. I say this since the topic: “Who would be on baseball’s Mt. Rushmore?” made the rounds via email this year within my regional chapter. George Washington? Thomas Jefferson? Nah, let’s get serious and talk baseball.

It made for light and interesting discussions. Rickey was mentioned by most. Hulbert by some. Landis, by others. But, Marvin Miller was on every list. There was no question about his place in history.

A few days later, I was looking into the Introduction of Miller’s book, “A Whole Different Ballgame” which Bill James had penned. It seems that we were not alone in this assessment:

“If ever baseball buys itself a mountain and starts carving faces in it, one of the first men to go up is sure to be Marvin Miller.”

So there it is.

Marvin Miller may be the biggest lightning rod the game has ever seen. The creation of the Players Union initiated something of a war with MLB that borders on Jihad. MLB management loathes him. To the rank-and-file players at the time, he must have been seen as something just short of God.

At the time of his arrival, and the eventual breaking of the Reserve Clause, he was viewed by many as a harbinger of the “end of baseball as we knew it.” Surely, the maverick Players Union would destroy Major League Baseball. He elevated the pay of players, created the free agency system in place today, and helped provide benefits, such as a solid pension plan, that allows players to do more than simply survive after retirement. The changes, however, altered the public perception. Players no longer were part of a city – part of the family or “one of the guys.” Now, the players were “out of touch with the common man” and “looking out to make a buck.”

Instead of baseball’s demise, baseball grew exponentially, and both sides amassed untold wealth. Distrust flourished. The Players Union, in concert with management, set into motion repeated strikes and lockouts. Fans venomously cursed both sides. “The million dollar players should be happy to be involved in a game children play. And, the multi-million dollar owners should quit crying poverty and be happy they’re as rich as they are,” were constant themes.

For better or worse, baseball has been forever changed since the MLBPA was recognized in 1966. There is no turning back, although I think the owners would like nothing better.

In framing this interview, I knew that a man with the impact of Miller had already been questioned in great detail. So, this interview focuses more on the present than the past. He is still a man of great conviction. The printed word here will fail to convey the nuances and inflections when the topics of Constitutional rights and the BALCO Trail were raised. Or, how he slowly and purposefully reminded me that the Press never has fully understood what the Union can, and cannot, do for the former players not covered by the pension plan.

What’s ironic is that the chance for Miller to be immortalized in stone is probably better than his induction into the Hall of Fame. But all that aside, never let it be said that he isn’t one of, if not the, greatest men that has impacted professional baseball. - Maury Brown

BizBall: When you were elected head of the MLBPA in 1966, the players were portrayed by some as being nothing more than indentured servants of management. You organized and galvanized the loose knit players’ association into the force that it is today. It seems since that time that the pendulum has been moving in the Union’s favor since. Is that still the case, or was the outcome of the 2002 CBA a step back for the MLBPA?

Miller: It is difficult to have a valid opinion when you are not part of the negotiations. You are forced to make a judgment from the outside just looking at the contract itself and the various positions. What you don’t know is--what I don’t know at least is what were the factors that deem themselves important to consider in taking was now perceived to be taking backward steps.

I am not ducking the question, but I really don’t know the answer to it. Let me explain by first saying, looking at the contract itself I would have to conclude along with others that those were backward steps. But then I force myself to look at a little below the picture, and one that is kind of startling when you think about it, that is that I think the present leadership of the players’ Union has had to contend with something that I never did, and that is they have had to contend with a membership consisting of not one single player who ever had any baseball life prior to the Union. Not one player is able to fully evaluate what the Union has meant to players as a group, and that is a very tough problem to contend with. I think it has to temper any judgment about steps backward.

BizBall: Do you feel that the public’s appetite for MLB would have been severely diminished if a lockout or strike would have occurred in 2002?

Miller: I think temporarily, but I am not one of those who ever believed the propaganda of labor disputes would be the cause of a permanent loss of fans. It never has been and I doubt it ever will.

BizBall: Is the public’s concern something that comes to the negotiating table, or is the overriding concern of a representative of his or her labor Union to get as much for their respective constituency as possible?

Miller: I think you have to bring it down to the cases. For example, in all of those years when I was with the Steel Workers Union, there probably was not a single dispute that wasn’t settled in the White House, and the reason, of course, was that a nationwide steel dispute heavily impinged on the nation’s economy.

When steel went down in those days, pretty soon so did automobiles and so did residence and building construction and onward, and you were dealing with widespread increasing unemployment. So, it was both a public issue and a government issue. In that kind of situation, public opinion is
MLBPAextremely important because sooner or later, after it ends up or gets to the White House, pretty soon the Congress is there, and that becomes a serious matter.

I have never had that kind of a feeling in baseball even though, if you were to judge by the amount of ink that the media spent on it, you would assume it was a matter of great public concern. But, when you examined it, it really wasn’t. My concern in those days was not the public relations aspect in the same sense that a steel public relations reaction in steel was. My concern in those days was that if this gets loud enough, the players will be affected and that’s all. Because I never considered it rising to the level of a national emergency dispute like the mega-steel dispute and nor would I consider that the so called public relations damage would be more than fleeting and small.

BizBall: In 2002 there was considerable talk of a Worldwide Amateur draft taking place. Since that time the issue seems to have been swept under the carpet. What is your take on the concept of the worldwide draft?

Miller: You mean to remove the exemptions if there have been?

BizBall: Yes.

Miller: I don’t know. I haven’t thought about it a lot except for the extent that I have never approved of the idea of a private industry having the right to draft anybody. At no time, for no reason. To me a draft has to do with a governmental function in the time of emergency.

BizBall: Also in 2002 the main topic of conversation was the elimination of teams via contraction by the League. There is verbiage within the last CBA that opens the topic back up, at least in principle, for 2006. Was contraction a straw man in the last CBA and do you feel it will be an issue in the next CBA with the current Union?

Miller: I think first that it was a straw man. I think it was a kind of double-barreled power ploy. It was a ploy in a sense that they were trying to scare the Union that it was going to have a loss of  membership and I think it was a ploy and the usual communities who might balk at public financing of baseball stadiums.

In that sense, it was a clever ploy but not really an effective one.

BizBall: The Expos were a part of the contraction scenario in the last CBA. Since then they have become vagabonds of the League with "home" games being played in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Stuck in the middle have been the players. Did you feel the Players Union represented the Expos players properly on this matter?

Miller: No. I am not sure they were treated right at all.

BizBall: Did the League create this monster of a situation by expanding too fast in the early ‘90s?

Miller: I don’t know about that connection, but I do not think that you can view the expansion as being too much or too little, except in relation to the demand for them. In other words, if you look at the economics of it, with each expansion they raised the entry level price and yet had eager buyers literally standing in line, holding their hats in hand, hoping their bids for a new franchise would be rewarded.

Given that kind of economics and given the fact that the demand was always there and at an increasing price, it’s hard to say if expansion was too rapid – too rapid for what? How do you measure these things except the fact that when they offer the opportunity for expansion, eager applicants came forward, even with tremendously rising price of buying a new franchise?

BizBall: Do you think that it’s possible that expansion was done simply to offset the damages incurred when it was ruled that there was collusion within the League to keep player salaries down? Over the past few seasons, there has been a dramatic decline in the rate in which player salaries have risen. Collusion is being discussed by the MLBPA, and to that end, the Union has requested that Agents keep notes on contract negotiations. Management points to the overall national economy, which has been in decline, as the driving factor. What are your views on the matter?

Miller: I think management’s argument that the general economy ought to be looked at as a factor is probably very weak when you consider past recessions and the rise of baseball salaries. The salaries continue to rise--no matter what the factor of the national economy was--for the simple reason that they had been underpriced for so long that a lot of steam had built up and salaries have kept going no mater what the general economy was. And I would expect that, over time, there might be some leveling off, but without being able to demonstrate it if you want my feeling, my feeling is that collusion was playing a part in the last year or two.

BizBall: On the issue of steroids, and more specifically the BALCO case. Recently there was news that the names of some of the players associated with testing samples were seized by the IRS as part of the Grand Jury investigation. Do you feel that steroid testing, as a whole, is an encroachment of privacy rights for the players?

Miller: Well, I do, but I think the more serious issue really is the attempt by the government through the Justice Department through pressure from the President through continuing pressure by Senator McCain; I think this gets beyond the privacy question. This gets to be one which, when you put it together with the fact that the records that they were trying to seize were testing  records made by the parties who had agreed that it would be a confidential, anonymous test as a first step in developing a testing program. I think the government’s attempt to infringe on that is outrageous. I think what you are dealing with, once the government steps in with that, what you’re dealing with is a violation of the constitutional rights of people. By that I mean it’s one thing if an employer makes it a labor-management issue. It’s quite another when the government says, "I now will subpoena records of confidential tests and I will use the material," which, after all is tantamount to saying, "I will require self-incrimination and I may send some of you to jail." I think the sports media, like so much of the other media, is just asleep on this issue.

BizBall: Do you have any regrets over the years that the vested parties of the MLBPA pension plan did not include more of the population of former ballplayers; i.e. Pete Coscarart et al?

Miller: Well, again the media is terribly at fault in this. The fact is that the player’s Union all through the years, starting with when it became a legitimate Union in 1966, in every single pension negotiation has dealt with former players already retired in a far more generous manner than any other employees in the United States. That is, in negotiation after negotiation, the player’s Union treated former players, who as long as they had even one day of service ten years before those negotiations--then later one day of service in any of the 15 years prior to those negotiations--it treated such employees as if they were still active. No other pension plan in the United States has ever done that, ever!

Now when you get to
, that’s different. That’s the group of players who never were part of the benefit plan. They were not members. And, they were not members, many of them,Pete Coscarart because the players of that period when the pension plan first went into existence in 1947, perhaps because they were dealing with an inadequate amount of money to make a decent pension plan, agreed to the owners’ proposal that anybody who was not on a major league roster on the last day of the 1946 season or the first day of the 1947 season, no matter how many years of major league service he had, would not be a member of the plan.

Now think about it. That meant that somebody with say ten or twenty years of service who had been released before the last day of the 1946 season was treated as if he had never been in the major leagues. This was done by the players before there was any organization. This was done by their fellow players. Now, I’m not saying that because that happened nothing should be done--far from it. I am saying that the people who have written about this are mighty careless in blaming the Union, which didn’t even exist then. But more than that, they don’t seem to understand two things. Number one is that players well, what the most important point is that the Union under law, is not the representative of a former employee. I don’t know if you know that. Two Supreme Court decisions state that an employer is not even required to negotiate with the Union with regard to a former employee. That’s true whether it is baseball or steel or anything. A former employee is not a member of the bargaining unit so an employer is free to say, "Not only won’t I do anything I won’t even talk to you about it." And if the Union were to strike on that issue the Union would be liable for all damages occurring to the employee’s business. That’s the first thing.

The second thing is, the writers who write about this, who are careless about this in my opinion, is that it’s not even clear that a Union would have the legal right to now negotiate inclusion into a pension plan of people who it didn’t represent, and who had never been covered; because the assets in that plan belong to the members of the plan under law. They do not belong to people who were never members of the plan and you have a very serious question of law involved. I don’t know the answer to it, but it is no simple matter.

But, I come back to my original point. This notion that people who were never members of the plan that the Union becomes the one obliged to do something, or the players -- the current players -- that just doesn’t hold water. The employer, if anybody, is responsible for the pensionless status of its former employees not the current employees. The employer is responsible.

I once asked a writer of the New York Times who was writing a lot of blather about this, whether he thought that he and his fellow Times’ reporters were liable for the pensionless status of former writers of the Times at a time when there was no pension plan.

BizBall: What was his reaction?

Miller: He said, "Well, no." (laughs) So why are the present players obligated?

BizBall: As a former Union head, what was your take on the MLUA and Ritchie Phillips’ ill-fated strategy of having the Umpires resign en masse?

Miller: (Laughing) I think the foolishness of it has been demonstrated.

BizBall: Are you surprised it took as long as it did for teams to resort to the strategy of non-tendering large numbers of players who wouldn't otherwise be eligible for free agency?

Miller: I’m more surprised that the Union has not stepped in to prevent it.

BizBall: From an MLBPA perspective, would it be good to have big-market teams fund incentives for small-market teams to field more competitive teams, as opposed to current revenue sharing which arguably doesn’t encourage small-market teams?

Miller: It’s hard to say. Revenue sharing may well have a part to play in terms of competitive balance. I’m not convinced that it does; other people disagree. I think, for example, even prior to  this agreement, involving both revenue sharing and so called luxury tax, I think the competitive balance among all the teams in baseball is probably better than it was when I was a young fan. When I was a young fan, I think it’s eminently provable that there’s far more balance now than when the Yankees would win fourteen pennants in sixteen years and when taken together, the Yankees and the St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Giants would win everything almost every year. So, I’m not sure revenue sharing is a constructive thing at all.

BizBall: There has been considerable concern in Wisconsin about how Miller Park was funded, with a considerable portion of that coming from the public. Milwaukee has since then set team payrolls so low it has created poor-quality product on the field. A salary floor might possibly prevent some of these problems. Is a topic of a salary floor a step toward creation of a salary cap?

Miller: Not necessarily. I mean, there’s always been a salary floor ever since the Union negotiated minimum salaries. I don’t think that having a floor necessarily means you have to have a cap. We have a minimum wage in this country, but we don’t have a maximum wage.

BizBall: How do you view your role in the history of the game? Given the history between management and the MLBPA do you think you’ll get the votes to be in the Baseball Hall of Fame?

Miller: (chuckles) No. I think the votes were never there. I found it interesting. But [it was] kind of uninformed when so many people said just because they changed the method of voting for non-players from the old veterans committee to all of the living members of the Hall of Fame that that necessarily meant I would be eligible. (chuckles) I never agreed with that. I think it left out an awful lot of factors.

One of the reasons I didn’t agree with all of this, is that I think anybody who has ever been a Union leader has to have gained some skill at being able to predict votes in advance. I think that what’s disastrous for a labor leader is to not have that skill.

For example, to call for a strike vote and have the membership turn it down. That’s the end of credibility. Or for a Union leader to go into difficult negotiations, reach a settlement, and then submit it to the membership for ratification and have it rejected. That’s almost the end of the Union.

So, you really have to learn how to forecast votes in advance, and one of the things you do is look at the facts.

Fact number one is that an awful lot of players in the Hall of Fame are pre-Union. They never had anything to do with the Union back in that terrible period.

Number two, is that many of those players and many of the players who were playing in the period in which in which I was involved, after they were through playing, became employed by management. A whole different mindset is set up.

Just for example Monte Irvin in the Hall of Fame is a very nice guy, but the last fifteen years in this working life he worked for Bowie Kuhn. You wouldn’t vote for me would you? And it’s not just Monte Irvin. There are people on the Cubs and people on the Red Sox and Hall of Fame who have worked for management and are working for management. There’s this fine great ball player in the Hall of Fame, who’s vice president of a major league team and so on.

And then there are members of the press who vote who are the newspaper reporters wing of the Hall of Fame. While some of those might vote for me many would not. There were a lot of them who were, if not in the owners’ pockets, at least on their laps. There are the radio and TV announcers who interestingly enough in almost every case cannot be announcers in radio and TV unless the clubs that they are telecasting or broadcasting agree. They hold the veto power over them.

And then finally, if all else fails, to make anybody understand how the votes go, if you have to get 75% of the vote and you do what the Hall of Fame people did two years ago or a year ago, put fifteen people on the ballot. You are making it almost statistically improbable that anyone is going to get 75% of the vote and in fact, no one did.

In the history of the United States, this is just to give you a contrast, while occasionally there are three candidates or four candidates, in most cases there are two. And with only two candidates on the ballot, except for George Washington in his first term, who ran unopposed, with only two people on the ballot--in all the rest of the elections no presidential candidate ever got anywhere near 75% of the vote.

BizBall: Do you feel that there will ever be a truly independent commissioner like we saw in Kenesaw Landis?

Miller: I don’t think there’s ever been an independent commissioner, including Landis. If you think about it at all, it was never meant to be that way. Landis had some assets that enabled him to  appear to be independent. That is, there was a fear asset. Baseball was truly shaken by the Black Sox scandal. And they felt grateful to be able to get a federal judge to come off the bench and become commissioner. And what they never wanted to have happen was to have a former federal judge like Landis resign and blast them for something and so that gave him a certain power. But he was never truly independent. Nor can any commissioner be independent when he doesn’t have a dime in the game. Things don’t work that way. If the owners of the game who own franchises disapprove of a commissioner it’s the simplest thing in the world to get rid of him, contract or no contract, it’s simply about paying off the contract, and every commissioner knows that. The result is that every commissioner except Landis, who died in office and Bart Giamatti who died in office after a short term, every commissioner sooner or later is fired. It’s not always reported that way. Sometimes it’s reported as a failure to renew his contract. Sometimes it’s reported as a suggestion that he take a pension and retire. Sometimes it’s more frank than that; he’s fired. But looked at realistically, except for the two who have died in office, everyone has been fired except the present one and eventually he will be too.

BizBall: What do you feel Bud Selig’s legacy will be?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know it’s hard to know what Selig’s legacy will be. You know I am absolutely amused at the way media treats people when they’re gone. You know. I think the Reagan fiasco is a case in point. How they will treat Selig after he’s gone, I don’t know. I am concerned that he has just been oblivious to the danger and the damage done by ignoring the conflict of interest that’s involved. I think that is a permanent damage. How historians will treat that, I do not know.

BizBall: What about your legacy? Have you had time to reflect on that? Is that something you care to look upon or comment about?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know every once in awhile you are forced to when you get to be my age. I’m referring to the fact that former commissioner Fay Vincent is involved in a project now, in connection with the Hall of Fame, in which he is interviewing various living people, obviously, who have had a part in baseball history. They are doing this project on film for the benefit of future generations of fans and scholars. As Fay said, when you do a project of this type, you interview the older members first, (laughs) to make sure they are still around. Certainly, you are forced to think about this, but in terms of things I would hope for, is that I would be remembered in terms of having playing a major part in building the first legitimate and still remaining the only legitimate trade Union in the team sports movement. A Union that has demonstrated to be one of great solidarity and integrity and unity and accomplishment. And that’s good enough.

The following interview was originally published on the SABR Business of Baseball website, and can be read here: SABR Business of Baseball Interviews Page

Interview conducted by Maury Brown on 7/13/04. Edited by Jeff Sackmann.



Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?