how often to use permethrin cream for scabies mens meds online zyvoxid posologie spasfon flagyl precio mexico viagra commercial actress blue dress 2014 obestat reductil 1 cipralex patients reviews mylan bupropion xl levitra vs viagra cheap viagra ireland arthrotec side effects misoprostol jasmine sanders radio personality buy lisinopril 10 mg without receipt viagra free sample uk canada pharmacy 24h reviews androgel reviews by customers rhinathiol promethazine medicament dianabol and proviron cycle red viagra price in pakistan zithromax 500mg side effects buy revatio online buylowdrugs online pharmacy canadian pain pills no prescription buuy cialias daily use albenza dosage for pinworm cheap orlistat singapore percocet dosage information natural like viagra pharmacy near me metoprolol succ er buy viagra 100mg uk insurance auto auctions homepage norstan apparel fashion cents cheapest generic microzide why shortage of remeron costco black friday 2015 ad scan clonidine side effects in children reichlox 500mg vicodin marijuana and cialis together eritromicina estearato 500mg combivent price walmart where to buy tinidazole tadapox 80mg flavonoids clomide pakistan lasixs water pill over the counter no script meds viagra for men price in mumbai viagra no presciption express viagra delivery otibact ear drops 15 ml is how many ounces laxadin bisacodyl where online to get legit cialis maxifort 50mg side effectsmaxolon 40 for $99 elocom krema za bebeelocon no online pharmacy prescription vicodin atacand side effects by mayo clinic generico avec crema atarax 25 mg for anxiety laurel hill mental health eugene oregon discover card login in provigil depression treatment requip drug manufacturer ospamox 1000mg amoxicillin prednisone and alcohol interaction order cialis by phone walgreens careers furosemide 40 mg diuretic astromenda search delete cataflam side effects doctor best place to buy propecia natural pheromones to attract women canadian healthcare nizagara qsymia coupon 2014 hydroxyzine pamoate vs hydroxyzine hcl cialis pret zantac coupons $5 children motrin ingredients overnight pharmacy4u order septra and thr elderly meclizine 25 mg ciales puerto rico maps inderal medication viagra soft tab australia le repaire bart cialis by internet grifulvin v micro 500 tablets can you get albenza over the counter compra viagra cholesterol guidelines calculator buy drugs online overnight shipping arthrotec 75 0.2mg glipizide medication information cheapest cialis generic online claritin side effects generic viagra made in the usa prilosec side effects prevacid side effects buy manforce sildenafil citrate online crestor pill ca best price for colchicine canadien farmacy viagra super active cheap pain meds online thailand on line drugs fluoxetine 10 mg capsules elavil medication for migraines lantus vs levemir insulin catafast powder ridge the blue pill on line insulin side effects gestational diabetes topiramate 50 mg side effects erecto 100 mg voltaren 50 mg london xenical orlistat buy online wellbutrin xl 150 buy disgrasil orlistat 120 mg buy robaxin 750 mg no prescription come acquistare cialis on line estrofem for men erlamycetin plush metoprolol tartrate 50mg tab side effects cialis le moins cher immigrer au canada buy clomid online bbb ativan durae daction colchicine 0.6 mg uses albuterol nebulizer treatment side effects erectalis paypal scam betnovate cream medicines pharmacy to buy accutane in canadian buy cialis express shipping 244 lexapro vs celexa for anxiety therapy dogs international chapters starcef capsule wardrobe tetracycline antibiotics for dogs mircette birth control generic dexamethasone buy online australia best place buy levothyroxine 200mcg diclofenaco de sodio medicamentos strattera reviews children alli diet pills boots side effects of coversyl 10mg staxyn effectiveness how long what are stanozolol metabolites how long does cilias last bausch and lomb lotemax coupon dalacin c 300mg dosage onadron ampuloveonlain epogen dose for cats cholesterol diet menu baclofen pump withdrawal symptoms viagra from india safe cialis thru canadian supplier donde comprar cialis generico onlineantibiotic overnight achat de cialis en turquie canadian meds online over the counter protonix levitra with beer thailand online pharmacy prices phexin boats and outboards buy xenical without prescription cialis paypal bezahlen xenical pills for sale lanoxin toxicity symptoms midamor amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide neurocet painkiller withdrawal symptoms oratane singapore viagra in hyderabad price lexapro and alcohol lexapro side effects ambien without a prescription generic cialis in germany drug store antibiotics for strep throat while pregnant buy prednisone for dogs uk dalacin c 300mg clindamycin trimetabol solutions buy sildenafil 50mg uk hydrochlorothiazide side effects low price accutane order avelox antibiotic kaytee kaboom in omaha ne cheap augmentin tenormin medication atenolol 25mg online order for pfizer dilantin 100 mg lasix overnight shipping buy propecia 1mg online aurochem canada pharmacy online cara makan cytotec yang betul minocin drug interaction sublingual b12 5000 mcg benefits bentyl side effects doctor 36 hour cialis buy antibiotics and alcoholic beverages medomycin antibiotics and birth baclofen 10 mg tab baristanet montclair animal shelter buy celexa brand 10 mg drugs medshop robaxin for sale no furosemide medication dosage fosamax osteoporosis osteoporosis km online pharmacy buy isotretinoin acnetrex order escitalopram online augmentin without a script can i buy tamoxifen in the uk trusted drug store glucophage xr package insert benoquin for sale finasteride side effects cheap online viagra sales buy viagra kuwait esomeprazole strontium brand name kenacomb ointment uses dapoxetine brand name in pakistan www canadian pharmacy 24h viagra vente quebec vimax patches do they work how to order cyproheptadine online toprol xl 50 mg price chloroquine malaria dosage amantadina clorfenamina remeron for sleep disorder retin a online no scrip revatio medication classification singulair coupons prescription cialis online from india body building forum clomid vermox over the counter walgreens generic prednisone without a script ordini cialis spese di spedizione comprar cialis 5mg lilly meds without scripts hyzaar forte canada drug pharmacy complaints buy doxycycline 30 pills who can subscribe viagra clotrimazole troche 10mg careprost for lashes deal dove posso comprare cialis buy real viagra online ceftin antibiotic uses for cipro how to order metformin how to mail order cheap viagra altace generic vitamin d supplements glucotrol side effects glipizide phifer usa terramycin eye ointment for cats dianabol steroids d bol frumil forte farmacia italiana viagra viagra sale in japan progesterone suppositories side effects iui zithromax antibiotic and heart problems reglan medication online no rx levitra in south africa doxepin 50 and weight gain hydrocodonefrom candacheap mexican viagra online testosterone pills cozaar medicine how to use vega 100 tablets in urdu tiotropium inhaler capsule salvation army lexington ky orlistat 60 mg capsules price xenical at boots accutane reviews drug viprogra 100 cialis online canada pharmacy femail creations promo codes what is septra ds side effects potassium foods potassium supplements cialis trial packs express shipping percocet 5 325 fasigyn tablets information society xanax and alcohol overdose allopurinol online bactroban nasal ointment application praziquantel for humans for sale tokyo police club online no prescription pharmacy glipizide xl 5mg tablets indomethacin 50 mg capsule what is it used for jasmine sanders nick cannon cialis generika versand aus europa levitra generika cialis soft tabs online estrace 1mg tab revista kosovarja nr i fundit maxalt mlt 10 mg valium dosage doses buspirone reviews neurontin side effects gabapentin trazodone side effects weight loss drugs from canafa glucophage xr 750 vermox 500mg dosage cialis order to nigeria acquisto viagra originale dallamerica order prednisolone online folcres 5mg lexapro levitra vs cialis drugs starlix 120 mg daily zovirax acyclovir cream 5 advair hfa inhaler 45 21 10mg predisone pill no script required diclofenac online netherlands albuterol inhaler side effects in infants zyrtec d side effects twitching khawaja naveed ki adalat 2011 claritin coupon acyclovir medication over the counter purchase motillium in new zealand where to buy aldactone vermox fastest delivery us whats the cost of a100mg viagra aventis clomiphene mexico antibiotics quick wothout prescription lasik online pharmacy no script cheap cialis sale online avapro side effects irbesartan hctz diclofenaco complejo b para que sirve cost of viagra per pill advantage federal credit union terre haute cialis tablet ospamox 1000mg decadron dose pack instructions canada customs viagra potassium chloride formula malaseb shampoo dogs antibacterial lasix no script viagra for men price in bangalore 77 buy tadalis sx depomedrol side effects herniated disc reviews mirapex fibromyalgia sleep luvox side effects weight gain xanax side effects and withdrawal orlistat 120mg capsules efectos secundarios lumigan for eyelash growth side effects colospan hovid online med online pharmacy zantac for infants instructions rocaltrol 0 5 mcg equals atepros finasteride 5mg picture sildenafil 50 mg price trileptal oxcarbazepine cpt code viagra generic shipped in usa viragra cheap no prescription overnight buy alli diet pills canadian mall extenze reviews every man aware atomoxetine hydrochloride drug test stanozolol side effects dose saroten tablet reviews 150mg viagra laxifen tabletas trimetabol sirop de visine duvadilan isoxsuprine hydrochloride drugs doxycycline in vitro seroquel pharmacy online canada skelaxin 800mg information can i snort trazodone hcl 100mg tab glucophage side effects lactic acidosis voltaren retard mex select periactin products cialis professional diamox sequels livial 2.5mg buy soft cialis through echeck uses of atorlip tabletsatosil apcalis sx 20mg jellystone bevispas medication identification adderall medication for adhd seroflo 250 provigil medication dosage where to buy erythromycin gold max female viagra tamsulosin 0.4mg cap aur januvia and pancreatic cancer 2014 erlamycetin ointment for burns ritalin dosage chart ibuprofen dosage chart for infants ampicillin cheap elomet cream mometasone furoate nasal spray buy doxycycline online for dogs paypal voltaren gel anti inflammatory veetab 100 eltroxin 0 1mg alprazolam sa online pharmacy cialis viagra japan vitamin shoppe printable coupons betneval and rash overnight delivery on flagyl provigil weight loss drug imiquimod 5 cream over the counter buy nizagara online sildenafil citrate 50mg tablets cialis 40 use of paracetamol in pregnancy cefadroxil side effects for cats meclizine 25 mg side effects progesterone levels during pregnancy 4 weeks free samples viagra usa buy danasol online uk best place to buy viagaria soviclor aciclovir tablets elomet ointment mometasone furoate uses casodex side effects in men zetia coupons printable clotrimazole side effects pregnancy where to hydrocoide vrdrug product shopping cart amoxicillin uk no prescription antabuse rite aid viagra pill prices sildenafil 100mg zyrtec allergy medication ingredients buy clomid australia sunsuria avenue badminton court in makati arthrotec generic name desogestrel ethinyl estradiol buy metformin without doctor medyka przemyska plenty of fish colcrys 0.6mg price cheap kamagra supplier review skelaxin 800 mg tablet baclofen no prescriptions buying viagra over night delivery sublingual gland cancer zyrtec dosage for dogs cenveo stocks zoloft 50mg vrdrug scam atrovent hfa inhaler coupon levitra in contrassegno mupirocin ointment usp 2 used for cold sores norvasc online no prescription tapiales construccion de piscinas pulmicort side effects in kids accessrx buy viagra online 409 neurocet reviews on 50 free viagra sample pack in uk salzarex tadalafil metrotab 400 blows cialis girl what is the best generic viagra review frumil tablets buspar xanax combination vendedor metformin de mx ranbaxy recall lipitor lybrel birth control buy elavil generic 50 mg no script best website to buy periacytion clindamycin for dogs antibiotic side effects fucidin antibiotic gel budesonide side effects medication medrol dose pack without a perscription cytotec side effects dose betnovate c for dark spots viagra weekend warrior birth control desogen side effects cialis 5mg preise cialis online paypal payment cialic best price 5mg canada euroclinix hasselt winterland neurocet painkiller ed trial packs usa no prescription free aggrenox coupon salep elocon untuk jerawat availabilty elavil canada tryptizol tab dicount cialis cialis canada cost ketorolac eye drops 0.4 pain pills online no membership buy propranolol uk avapro 300 mg irbesartan medicinenet mobile art main script adipex 37.5 mg reviews sialis tablets under $100 prescriptions by mail sifrol medication liposafe reviews on 50 purple pharmacy mail order tryptizol 25mg ephedrine jasmine rice vs brown rice tryptizol 10mg uses for hydrogen antabuse greece ciales pr map flomax side effects flomax medication lamisil tablets treatment side effects dutasteride avodart dht mebendazole treatment children pharmacy near menlo parkpharmphenamax plavix lawsuit risks sofilex cephalexin bp 250mg premarin side effects risk acyclovir side effects pregnancy cholesterol guidelines american heart association nisone side effects paracetamol tablets with codeine mavidol sl 30mg roxy
Home Maury Brown MLB Committee Fought to Keep Blacks Out Even After Robinson Signing

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 872 guests online

Atom RSS

MLB Committee Fought to Keep Blacks Out Even After Robinson Signing PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 29
PoorBest 
Written by Maury Brown   
Saturday, 15 May 2010 19:38
Steering Committee doc
This steering committee document from
1946, after Branch Rickey had signed
Jackie Robinson, shows that league
execs were advising the league not to
integrate

At the Reds’ Great American Ballpark, the likes of Willie Mays, Bud Selig, and Jimmie Lee Solomon are taking part in festivities around the annual Civil Rights Game between the Reds and St. Louis Cardinals. The intent of the game is to "embrace baseball's history of African-American players."

Jackie Robinson’s breaking of the color barrier has been seen as a watershed moment for baseball, and MLB has taken incredible efforts to outline that fact by hosting Jackie Robinson Day, and having Robinson’s #42 retired throughout baseball.

But, MLB did not go willingly into the integration of baseball. In fact, even as Robinson was playing with the Dodgers’ Triple-A Montreal Royals in 1946, an internal steering committee memo laid out in stark terms that the league should not integrate.

(see page 20 of the internal 1946 steering committee memo)

The Joint Major League Steering Committee document dated August 27, 1946 consisted of Ford Frick, Sam Breadon, Philip Wrigley, William Harriadge, L.S. McPhail, and Thomas Yawkey. Under the Section X entitled “Race Question”, the committee begins by saying, “The appeal of Baseball is not limited to any racial group. The Negro takes great interest in baseball and is, and always has been, among the most loyal supporters of Professional Baseball.” The memo then adds, “The American people are primarily concerned with the excellence of performance in sport rather than color, race or creed of the performer.”

But, after highlighting how men of color have supported the game, the following paragraph rips the idea of integrating the game, even as Branch Rickey has signed Jackie Robinson, and has him playing in Montreal.

“Certain groups in this country including political and social-minded drum-beaters, are conducting pressure campaigns in an attempt to force major league clubs to sign Negro players. Members of these groups are not primarily interested in Professional Baseball. They are not campaigning to provide a better opportunity for thousands of Negro boys who want to play baseball. They are not even particularly interested in improving the lot of Negro players who are already employed. They know little of baseball – and nothing about the business end of its operation. They single out Professional Baseball for attack because it offers a good publicity medium.”

The committee then decides to lean on its (and the Negro League’s) business operations as the motive for avoiding integration.

“Those people that charge that baseball is flying a Jim Crow flag at its masthead – or that racial discrimination is the basic reason for failure of the major leagues to give employment to Negros – are simply talking through their individual or collective hats. Professional baseball is a private enterprise. It has to depend on profits for its existence, just like any other business. It is a business in which Negros, as well as Whites, have substantial investments in parks, franchises, and player contracts. Professional baseball, both Negro and White, has grown and prospered over a period of many years on the basis of separate leagues. The employment of a Negro on one AAA League Club in 1946 (NOTE: this is a reference to Jackie Robinson) resulted in a tremendous increase in Negro attendance at all games in which the player appeared. The percentage of Negro attendance at some games at Newark and Baltimore was in excess of 50%.”

The memo then gets to the heart of the matter by outlining how the integrating of Black players would bring about, what the committee sees as an unsavory element: increased attendance by blacks that would lower franchise value.

“A situation might be presented, if Negros participated in Major League games, in which the preponderance of Negro attendance in parks such as Yankee Stadium, the Polo Grounds and Comiskey Park could conceivably threaten the value of Major League franchises owned by these clubs.”

In a sign that there is little faith that players of color could elevate the play of the game in the overall, the committee writes, “Signing a few Negro players for the major leagues would be a gesture – but would contribute little or nothing towards a solution of the real problem."

The memo goes on to outline “facts” as to why integrating the game should not occur, citing the short development of young players in the Negro leagues. Based upon that, “The young Negro player never has a good chance in baseball. This is the reason few good young Negro players are being developed.”

The committee ends by saying in part, “Your Committee does not desire to question the motives of any organization or individual who is sincerely opposed to segregation or who believes that such a policy is detrimental in the best interests of Professional Baseball.”

So, as baseball plays its Civil Rights Game, and touts the accomplishments of Jackie Robinson, Larry Doby, Willie Mays, and Hank Aaron, the fact remains that baseball went kicking and screaming into the movement. It should be the players, not baseball, that is heralded as those that led the Civil Rights efforts in baseball. And that baseball, ever the opportunist, has rode the players coattails. As the 1946 steering committee document shows, there were those at the highest level of the sport that saw African-American players as beneath the quality of their White counterparts, and that they saw the influx of African-American fans as something that would lower franchise values.

Take that in, as baseball takes credit for being at the front of the Civil Rights movement.


Maury BrownMaury Brown is the Founder and President of the Business of Sports Network, which includes The Biz of Baseball, The Biz of Football, The Biz of Basketball and The Biz of Hockey. He is available for hire or freelance. Brown's full bio is here. He looks forward to your comments via email and can be contacted through the Business of Sports Network.

Follow Maury Brown on Twitter Twitter

Follow The Biz of Baseball on Twitter Twitter

FacebookFollow the Business of Sports Network on Facebook

 
 
Banner

Poll

Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?