mail.by loc:br cost tegretol australia buy lynoral cheap lexapro no prescription where to buy aspirin in ireland buy amantadine hong kong requip 100 buy alli refill 130 through abilify without counter buy prescription pain pills without acetaminophen voltaren pills 75 mg blopress next day apcalis sx in canada radio 1 playlist lithium ion battery np-bn1 price in india florinef without script beat way to order cozaar what is the prescription mobic used for famvir direct pharmacy buy cheap abilify online different dosage forms of diclofenac levaquin where to buy in canada tenormin no prescription reviews flonase drugs online purchases generic form for celebrex over the counter medrol dosepak topical finasteride gel trental 400 mg + retailer styplon pharmacy prices list best over the counter social anxiety medication buy trandate no prescription fast delivery buy lopressor 100mg online buy naprosyn bulk menosan without script can i get chloroquine how to get tetracycline buy ginseng coffee australia cheapest liv to buy valsartan hydrochlorothiazide why has digoxin been discontinued cytotec dosis para abortar via oral coreg overnight delivery order zoloft india where to buy finpecia cheap brand cialis where can i buy it gabapentin 100mg capsules what is it used for how to order bupron online beconase aq prices prednisone without prescription overnight delivery buy kamagra oral jelly online amazon online pharmacy uk parlodel lexapro coupons 2011 cialis jelly echeck is suhagra available on line in canada what is cytotec tablet used for bactrim tablets 40mg buy generic brand cialis buy erythromycin 250mg buy reglan pills cost of celebrex generic buy suhagra from mexico online what does bentyl do for ibs propranolol bonus pills baclofen generic drug mail order keppra diltiazem 120 mg tablets acquisto viagra slovenia generic from prednisone what is sertraline hcl 25 mg resources for risperdal eurax brand positioning pariet same rabeprazole buy advair diskus 500 80 service de garde pharmacie luxembourg can you get a buzz from mobic comprar brahmi pela internet dipyridamole tablets price research grade zebeta buy stromectol singapore quickest terramycin where to buy isotretinoin lasix 40 mg potassium purchase generic blopress quibron-t over counter how to take zyrtec for allergies cost of kamagra oral jelly without insurance what is digoxin prescribed for purchase cheap online generic fincar zenegra in the uk where to buy mevacor drugs online micronase dosage too high pharmacy mexico flovent nombre generico de artane compare maxalt prices house prices artane is it illegal to order generic probalan what is reminyl for how much does an ounce of promethazine codeine cost precose drug schedule prinivil sold over counter buy viagra canada legally how much does actoplus met cost lamisil medication cost all types revatio pills genuine alli tablets olanzapine discount the chepest zoloft elocon online india cozaar mg buy non persciption voveran sr 500mg penicillin for std to buy plendil australia price viagra substitute natural robaxin legal us chlamydia treatment failure azithromycin tulasi telugu movie online veoh remeron from cymbalta femara free shipping amantadine on line for sale no script benicar hct sale drugstore canon prograf reviews ordering paroxetine here in canada nootropil injetavel comprar viagra para mujeres existe where albenza viagra professional birth control online india acheter du cialis en suisse plavix price cymbalta pills side effects yasmin ordering online pharmacy vermox discount pharmacy generic aleve drugs online purchases order pletal online uk decadron without rx low price keftab uk where to buy viagra from mexico a doctor s order is 0.125 mg of ampicillin canadian is albenza over the counter order amaryl online no prescription with a echeck alternative medication zyvox buy aristocort online no prescription united states canadian medication errors half price acticin alphagan prescriptions brimonidine discount buy cheao fluoxetine online from india cheap order abana online rx pharmacy express scripts buy retino-a cream 0,05 boots pharmacy cialis doctor prescription leanspa acai for sale buy amaryl m buy silagra online avalide prescription medicine buy prometrium online with mastercard buy starlix tablets online order amoxil overnight drugs similar to paroxetine minipress 100mg buy get furosemide toronto top 10 online lisinopril sites no prescription proventil sale cheapest cefixime tablets uk online benfotiamine purchase bringing prescription drugs from mexico to canada buy synthroid paypal get shallaki toronto revista online lidl overnight delivery doxycycline without oder mg tablets of cholestoplex missed 3 doses of paxil better than eldepryl can you order prednisone deltasone v-gel mg buy tadalafil tablets 5mg when is viagra generic liquid unisom review actnow actonel taking mebendazole breastfeeding how to order claritin online canadian pharmacy online cialis buy generic suprax online cefixime levitra super active buy online ireland snovitra super power canadian pharmacy how to use v-gel buy zestril 15mg online acivir pills pharmacies canada drugs mg use levaquin coupon online como comprar lexapro com desconto get hydrochlorothiazide toronto allegra ordering no prescription zithromax package insert fda duphalac lactulose solution dosage how to order chloramphenicol online safe buy seroflo online is rumalaya liniment a prescription drug aristocort order canada can you take prazosin daily can you buy aciphex over the counter limon onlain kinoteatr nexium 20 mg packets lotrisone to purchase without a prescription lamictal and cough medicine metronidazole flagyl side effects buy flonase australia lamisil ringworm dosage liquid dipyridamole review purchase freeze dried acai berries cheap pharmacy drugs canada famvir no prescription compare prices cleocin usa cvs prices order cleocin online canada canadian diflucan tablet zithromax 500mg tab what does cytotec do amoxil for men in usa canada drugs lamictal with prescription buy generic aciclovir comprar cardura original tretinoin 0,05 uk online buy pain pills on craigslist buy yagara online usa what is citalopram 20mg tablets used for can you buy viagra over the counter approved daiichi sankyo benicar coupons viagra maximum dose prednisolone dose for dogs arthritis artane in croatia side effects of malaria tablets chloroquine zofran patent expiration date decadron medication interactions biaxin online pharmacy cytotec prescription only norvasc 20 mg dose nome generico de voltaren how much does lamictal cost prednisone 20mg medication for dogs bupropion price without insurance buy brand amoxil bulk very cheap ciplox etodolac and alcohol which uk site to buy sumycin viagra super active 50mg tablets anacin tablets uk buy diflucan mg online for tricare prime viagra fast diclofenac gel delivery price generic zithromax how to take zithromax 250 mg what types of serevent are there sale ophthacare albendazole pharmacy coupons erection packs 2 buy uk evista canada pharmacy keflex on the internet what is antabuse prescribed for generic name for allopurinol average cost of allied moving cheap purim uk list of tesco stores selling brand viagra elavil lawsuit antabuse alcohol side effects how to purchase seroquel online letrozole bodybuilding for women rosuvastatin calcium tablets india what is the medicine altace used for generic requip safe can taking clomid cause weight gain pharmaceutical wholesalers distributors europe pfizer loses uk battle on viagra patent allopurinol renal dose adjustment where am i app can you order flonase prescription board alesse prices at costco cialis for sale in toronto purchase aleve canada where to buy cardura order drugs online viagra for young men how does it work compare prices prevacid leukeran canadian pharmacy benfotiamine reviews for men amantadine coupons canada erectile dysfunction pills does motrin 800 cause weight gain roxithromycin pas cher forum cheap online order allegra mail order combivent zyloprim no rx singulair paediatric 5mg chewable tablets what does retino-a cream 0,025 ampicillin resistance in e coli where to buy femara drugs online list of pharmacy stores in usa coreg discounts buy vasotec cheap antabuse tablets for sale side effects of clonidine buy ventolin inhalers online cheap how long do levitra side effects last acquistare maxalt in italia diakof online usa ciprofloxacin 500mg side effects nhs xanax all pills risperdal without prescriptions prazosin generic name what is adalat prescribed for retino for purchase without a prescription is generic ditropan available in usa purim to buy in england indinavir in the uk natural erection pills that work para que se usa el augmentin how to get amitriptyline high pharmacy has best price styplon canada drugs xenical with prescription torsemide online ophthacare online pay paypal actoplus cheap no prescription generic buy prednisone online without a prescription buy pilex new zealand online how much does valtrex cost at walmart lasix pills for sale prescription actoplus met best price order zoloft 120 mg aldactone tablets on line to buy generic cipro hc otic cialis soft online shipping buy cheap zyprexa cheap us roaccutane without buy trimox paypal uk version of astelin micronase from usa can zestoretic get you high what is prometrium good for nymphomax brand positioning plavix 75 mg india price atorlip-10 in croatia aleve over counter medicine where can i buy qsymia alesse for discount online cheap pravachol tablets online viagra in canada prescription required retin a wrinkles worse finasteride hair loss before after suprax online legally what is bactroban 2 used for torsemide for daily use canada levitra coupons manufacturer cheap lozol 100 mg viagra paypal canada generic pills for hoodia aristocort on line for sale no script rx pharmacy tablet pages ordering low dose alli order generic benzac levitra professional online in uk pom works like viagra what is the drug uroxatral used for side effects of ibuprofen pm toradol with paypal payment baclofen pump nuclear medicine cialis super active tablets uk cost of doxycycline malaria tablets celebrex most common side effects buy antivert us pharmacy cheapest doxycycline sunlight reaction pfizer viagra preise viagra effects on men videos drugs prednisolone online price betnovate gm cream uses canadian pharmacy singapore meclizine uses medication levitra bayer indonesia norvasc drug zithromax azithromycin uses generic abilify 10mg anafranil with no rx get premarin las vegas wellbutrin online overnight discount lipitor coupon cannot simon and yasmin le bon cheap generic tadalis sx actos metformin combination purchase evecare avapro 10 mg cost zyrtec d pregnancy floxin rx cheap maxaman free delivery purchasing dutas online uk purchase dostinex on line in canada medrol dose pack without a prescription kamagra chewable next day delivery claritin dosage for children lov cost cholestoplex discover ireland keflex for uti in children antiemetic drugs list uk order trazodone cod how long to use allopurinol zofran cheap price differin prescription coupon buy cafergot online no prescription us mobic 7.5mg price buy premarin 200 side effects of yasmin birth control buy cheap viagra online usa very cheap ponstel where can i buy oxytetracycline where can i buy cheap viagra in australia onlineshop fr cialis buy viagra super active online the little blue pill healthpoint where do i vermox in india stromectol for sale usa 5mg finasteride for hair loss cialis and viagra which is better what is the generic name for indocin lowest priced coreg buy viagra online at canada pharmacy safe buy suprax online buy levitra online uk no prescription Purchase 1 accutane mg buy naprosyn for daily use #1 internet drugstore rumalaya pills sweat dosis aciclovir herpes zoster nios buy uroxatral online india zoloft reviews for gad trandate refills where to purchase urispas methylprednisolone aceponate 1 mg tinidazole generic name low price viagra professional uk clomid effects on menstruation benicar hct 20mg 12.5mg how to order diltiazem online caverta shipping overseas paxil side effects sleep cheap voltaren rapid avapro 20 mg can you buy chloroquine looking pharmacy buy fucidin quick how to buy viagra on line levaquin drugs buy lozol tablets canada buy avodart 10 isoniazid dosage flovent without script allopurinol dose for tumor lysis where to buy hoodia diet pills in australia non generic levitra super active ed drugs purchase nizoral on line in mexico where to get coumadin bracelet amantadina nombre comercial argentina order lipitor canada order prevacid 30 mg fertility drugs for women over the counter canada is mail order provera safe cheap pamelor uk zofran legal in england liquid voveran review is proventil a prescription drug what doses does paroxetine come in what does propranolol do for hyperthyroidism endep fibromyalgia reviews buy reglan online with mastercard over counter grifulvin v himcolin online legally buy prevacid discount Purchase abilify 30 mg canadian pharmacy pharmacy buy drugs myambutol top rated no priscriban drugs best online pharmacy generic desyrel where to buy cheap generic female viagra where to purchase cystone took too much levothyroxine order generic eldepryl atarax tablets a comprehensive view aldactone no prescription pantoprazole sodium dr can order ashwagandha canada where vermox best price sominex can you get high off toprol xl generic acivir pills no prescription femara now vendo cytotec en colombia 100 originales average length accutane treatment buy thyroxine dogs online comprar imuran en argentina depo provera online order cheap neurontin buy online lawsuits against januvia online pharmacy uk celexa what is the best way to get pain pills from your doctor where can i get erythromycin from generic torsemide urispas doctors online paxil 40 mg reviews watch 1 guy 1 jar real video endep without a prescription bupropion online forum generic bactroban nasal ointment buy adalat 2 pharmacy buy doxycycline boots sinequan side effects uk diarex overnight delivery original brand advair diskus online canadian pharmacies that accept american express why can;t women use propecia most common side effects of sinemet acivir pills visa phenergan generic desyrel rxlist over the counter substitute cvs purchase viagra where to buy clomiphene citrate paroxetine hydrochloride dosage ditropan on line in the mexico gabapentin cod where to buy nizoral shampoo in hong kong buy venlor 100 what does diclofenac tablets treat 1 Purchase aciclovir tablets online hsv lexapro legal in england prometrium 200 mg price buy claritin online india avapro prescribing information what is risperdal for buy prednisone no rx celexa daily use reviews himplasia dose dostinex over the counter cheap diamox sale uk can you buy generic norvasc blood all types cialis super active pills buy vermox online reviews what exactly does glucophage do antifludes antigripal precio tegretol australia price koala chlamydia outbreak confido order online xenical diet pills price philippines buy cheap revatio pills diabetes erectile dysfunction viagra paroxetine 10 mg high generic pills for azulfidine buy differin pills online order orlistat 120mg online rosuvastatin tablets 40 mg how to get ampicillin drug precio del viagra en mexico canadian generic pharmacy review fucidin online sales ordering nizoral usa cost of claritin at walgreens canada generic drugs law low cost amantadine purchase view topic buy cheap generic atacand canadian buy protonix from canada phone in order for speman glyset sublingual dosage buy birth control pills online without prescription buy generic zovirax with bonus prescription drug celebrex celecoxib arthritis buy furosemide boots pharmacy aldactone medication precautions what does zyban cost where can i purchase kamagra soft over the counter bronchial inhalers reviews brand lamisil for sale buy lukol singapore mirapex lawsuit lawyers buy acivir pills mg how to take periactin pills menosan medicine online motilium pregnancy amoxicillin uses for dogs coumadin no prescription needed us pharmacy online mircette asacol pills sweat how much does nexium cost in canada buy stimulant no scripts fast delievery alesse medication ethinyl estradiol generic cheap betapace india anafranil singulair tablets from buy where can i buy nizoral shampoo online hong kong buy aristocort online hyaluronic acid injections cost uk usual dose of keflex for uti isoniazid no prescription reviews canadian online pharmacy for decadron trileptal visa safe dosage range for lasix without rx cheap aciphex diflucan drugs interact micronase sale diovan discount coupons com safe to buy generic citalopram from usa list of tesco stores selling lopid buy betnovate-n skin cream canadian pharmacy clonidine guaranteed order lipitor online canada lotrisone online price buy fluoxetine 50 kamagra oral jelly kaufen per paypal metformin discount coupons is there an over the counter lasix donde puedo comprar zyrtec quickest cleocin pill walmart discount medications online proventil with no prescription where i buy alli coversyl product information tratamiento para la disfuncion erectil psicologica viagra plus buy no prescription synthroid pill shop discount code slimming tablets ephedrine what else does valtrex treat lasix drug in fr pharmacy prevacid medicine used floxin paypal hyaluronic acid suppliers usa emsam generic cheap costs online flonase purchase metoclopramide dose for rabbits purchase erythromycin 250mg comprar zestril pela internet elimite discount medications vasotec 100mg tablet biaxin cost per pill fertomid for sale australia avodart next day shipping xbox customer support number united states bentyl refill pack generic vytorin medication bactrim capsules buy kytril in australia tretinoin 0,05 shelf life drug market order sinequan starlix side effects long term use xenical in india price can you buy dapoxetine depakote comments discount extendaquin what does imitrex do to your body cheapest buy actos diabetes how to use cialis for best results compazine on line in the usa non persciption cafergot zoloft from uk cheap pravachol usa where can i order danazol can you get brand viagra antivert for sale online safe brand viagra no precription discover america band metoclopramide barato mirapex price vantin overnight pharmacy midamor for sale getting artane in australia prescriptions without prescriptions celebrex capsules para que sirve aciclovir 5 crema dermica ventolin over the counter ireland 192 address mircette for sale online best price for real ephedraxin prescription drug bupron sr low cost vasotec costco pharmacy cymbalta price cheapest flonase buy celexa in usa best price for real motilium buy tadalis sx with paypal dostinex medication cost order actoplus met overnight reviews on tulasi where to buy ashwagandha in india canada post shoppers drug mart winnipeg cialis commercial song list reviews on cytoxan where to buy nizoral shampoo 1 diltiazem to buy in australia provera without prescription cheapest liposafe tablets uk can i buy viagra in amsterdam bactroban cream reviews ordering erythromycin on line clalis baolong no prescription overnight doxycycline online brand advair diskus overnight delivery generic allopurinol uk paypal generic for claritin medication maxalt generic wikipedia drugs lithium australian prescriber comprar cialis original en espaa synthroid medication online metformin al 1000 aliud pfizer pharmaceuticals usa and address glycomet pills drugstore tadalis usa no prescription combivent without a prescription from india side effects of ventolin medicine buy female viagra 15mg online low cost methotrexate ampicillin dosages children triamterene medication order asacol over the counter cheap generic detrol canadian pharmacy no rx required retail cost of lexapro buy procardia paypal accepted does walmart have generic plavix donde puedo comprar depakote renagel generico italiano is there a drug comparative to roxithromycin can you buy aleve in uk amantadine tablet sale adalat online pharmacy uk birth control pills paroxetine how to order capoten florinef from canada prilosec from india finast lawsuit compazine costco how often is it safe to take imitrex brand viagra usa sale apo glyburide 5mg side effects what is olanzapine 10 mg used for vytorin mail order shelf life of omnicef suspension buy trazodone desyrel prometrium does trileptal cause weight gain buy cheap baclofen pills cost of phenergan with codeine cheap evista free delivery crestor pills buy online common side effects of sublingual nitroglycerin altace tablets 40mg new otc inhaler for asthma extra cheap tabs indian generics online saw palmetto augmentin dosage for kids cheapest glyset cheap drugs from india prednisone over counter uk donde puedo comprar levitra comprare levitra generico online is it illegal to order generic viagra kandungan elocon salep where can i get avalide from trazodone high bluelight can order zestril online viagra online paypal australia syeda generic yasmin reviews pilex tablets 150 mg cafergot mg tablet does aleve make you gain weight prograf dosage instructions erexor doctors online proventil tablets for purchase buy suhagra 5 cialis cheap effexor xr weight loss or gain order lexapro tablets acai berry capsules 500mg side effects valtrex tablets and alcohol prednisolone uses medication cefixime oral suspension for babies amoxicillin dose rxlist buy beconase aq 200 mestinon uk brand name buy capoten 100mg online mail order pharmacy canada can you get high off citalopram 40mg prandin on line purchase buy duetact tablets online why has femcare been discontinued how much does strattera cost in canada mail-order diamox over the counter in dubai indian viagra mixing adderall and percocet effects mentat syrup 100ml cheap aciphex india online pharmacy hydrochlorothiazide combinations zyprexa patent expiry brand serophene for sale overnight flagyl where can i buy cabgolin albendazole us buy generic best erection medication reviews on strattera for adults can you order renagel how to buy retin-a ge in london canada and furosemide buy flomax new zealand online glycomet online uk finast prices buy cialis online with paypal prograf without prescription canada generic bentyl 10 mg is weight gain or weight loss more common with zoloft where to buy clomid in canada safely zofran expensive can use american express gift card canada clozaril medication adalat latest episode does endep 10 cause weight gain best price coreg flomax medication class tamoxifen side effects forum side effects of minoxidil 10 yasmin online with out prescription minocycline acne side effects colchicine rx voveran sr without rx cheap premarin 0.9 mg ayurvedic medicine used for abortion ???? cialis 50mg 10? benicar medication side effects med cab arimidex doxycycline and fish oil non prescription haridra pharmacy cheap cialis 40 mg indian generics online hoodia buy beconase aq 100 1 man 1 jar best gore buy forzest visa research grade celebrex rumalaya forte for sale requip xl discounts insurance jobs glasgow how long does periactin take to work generic allegra walgreens pamelor uk brand name how much is geriforte tablets where to get himcocid pct venlor spain over counter viagra professional drug store online buy tenormin 10 phenergan pills online in the mexico canadian hospital pharmacy residency board comprar suhagra en argentina retin-a 0,05 without insurance nexium canadian meds online aspirin dose for secondary stroke prevention how does clomid work in the body authentic viagra no prescription trazodone high dose legit cipa site for online orders without prescription prozac online discount femcare what is prilosec otc exelon lowest price allopurinol medication blood where to buy viagra super active without a prescription no prescription premarin buy tindamax 500 mg online zofran tablets capoten 10 mg cost pharmacy amoxil no rx cialis generico compra online where to purchase carafate overseas rxdrugs no proscription comprar aldactone en argentina purchase ayurslim cheap diovan online in us zetia order online no prescription define generic viagra buy venlor in singapore price of augmentin in india what is seroquel drugs order abana tablets xenical pharmacy online buy calcium carbonate capsules cheap strattera australia can you get anxiety pills over the counter cheap tretinoin 0,025 how much should viagra cost paroxetine weight gain mechanism cheap ayurslim sale uk buy lotrisone online click here zyvox 600 mg pharmacy drugstore chloroquine tablets online cardizem tablets us online nexium r 40mg capsule percocet drug test mail order pharmacy jobs uk how long does erythromycin take to work for tonsillitis betoptic canada overnight delivery zofran generic overseas pharmacy no prescription diamox allopurinol rash onset ginseng on line purchase alesse discount lynoral canadian pharmacy seroquel canada price where to buy kamagra in london can i buy cialis professional in canada cialis professional sale discount can you get nolvadex in australia cialis super active western australia zestril dosage too high minomycin dose lisinopril side effects when discontinued aciclovir creme biogaran lexapro canada prescription is generic kamagra chewable effective cicloferon crema para fuegos clomiphene citrate 50 mg tab for men mobic for sale aqua banking levitra where to purchase chloromycetin shortage post cycle therapy nitrofurantoin where can i buy chloroquine canadian aricept medication costa allegra reviews tripadvisor buy zanaflex mexican pharmacies buy shuddha guggulu xr without prescription hydrochlorothiazide prescription dosage compare prices zerit online generic keftab prograf pas cher buy actos mexico cost of ventolin hfa without insurance actonel paypal fluoxetine compared to citalopram voltaren 100 mg suppositories what is teva-rabeprazole ec used for costco pharmacy plavix price brand advair diskus looking for what is gyne-lotrimin ranbaxy lipitor generic canada universal drug services ltd canada finpecia shedding prilosec western australia astelin retail price best drugstore makeup primer 2013 haldol medication class purchase lantus canada seroquel for sale uk do you need rx claritin overnight pharmacy valtrex online what drug category is sumycin sinequan 100mg tablet triderm ointment price quiero comprar cialis sublingual xenical online kaufen overseas no prescription pharmacy atarax 100 mg +suicide yasmin prices at costco aurochem pharmaceuticals pvt ltd palghar canadian online pharmacy for tofranil revia without a prescription cheap genuine accutane online where to get cafergot pct acai uses medication zocor for men in usa zenegra uses medication is altace available over the counter acai tablets - triple strength (1500mg) buy ranitidine 150 online sex pills for women reviews side effects of erythromycin stearate 250 mg how to buy albenza genuine zanaflex best price oregon state baseball stadium can you buy rosuvastatin what is ayurslim drugs benemid tablets side effects flomax compression fax what does generic protonix look like glucophage side effects liver keftab without script endep purchase in canada no prescription online sale of kytril ventolin from what age online levitra lamisil tablets uses minimum age for taking viagra cialis fc what drug category is fosamax free anxiety test provera medicine children combivent for sale australia high dose zoloft for ocd non prescription synthroid pharmacy buy zestoretic with no rx low dose naltrexone information levitra without prescription canada allegra uk next day delivery atorlip-20 tablets indinavir roche precio argentina cost propecia singapore can you get high off benadryl cough syrup discount code for protonix buy yasmin online canada diovan shopping comprar finasteride online obagi tretinoin 0.1 cream adderall abuse in college statistics mebendazole side effects women xeloda prescription coupon buy clomid free shipping starlix prix en pharmacie en france zyban without prescription canada buy alligator meat los angeles protonix daily use reviews us pharmacy online forzest elocon cream uses shortage of prevacid solutabs brand requip buy cipro canadian source diclofenac tablets india cipro order by phone viagra sublingual australia reviews on penegra valacyclovir tablets uk prilosec otc side effects can you only get mycelex-g on prescription purchase acai berry optimum is there a generic paxil speman for daily use canada sildenafil viagra vardenafil levitra and tadalafil cialis side effects of diovan in men ibuprofen lysine overdose what does lopid treat vardenafil levitra side effects cheap ryobi lithium batteries apcalis sx over counter meridia 15 apteka licensed pharmacy brand cialis codeine syrup buy uk order aciphex 20mg overnight without robaxin online medicine calander products acheter tegretol pas cher lisinopril pills online in the canada med cab singulair hoodia sales australia zyprexa generic availability date bupron sr buy on line depakote tablets spc where to buy colchicine prescription ampicillin dosage pediatric buy propranolol online from usa best site get toprol xl lov cost allopurinol typical metformin dose for pcos no prescription erexor buy viagra professional for daily use meloxicam ingredients dogs best water pills for weight loss cialis cheap price acheter une mobicarte sfr acai berry from canada phexin suppositories buy buy generic lexapro without prescription furosemide brand name best pharmacy to order plavix what is cardura xl used for abana lash and brow lounge reviews clomid success cycle #4 where can i buy cleocin gel alli at lloyds chemist best place buy cialis soft buy generic naprosyn with bonus buy noroxin lowest price flomax online pharmacy uk can get viagra over counter canada side effects of amiloride hcl baclofen usa sale gasex canada head office how long to use minocycline where to buy clomid serophene can we trust trimox online i pill nizoral website amitriptyline withdrawal symptoms most reliable place to buy trandate online where to buy arjuna ointment where to buy metformin 500 mg buy alphagan perth australia cyklokapron order online ordering arava buy nizoral generic procardia usa pharmacy what is cephalexin 500mg capsules used for in dogs probalan over the couter domperidone reflux baby online pharmacy uk diovan lozol where to get generic drugs from india safe because discount canadian pharmacy avapro actoplus met sale can you buy zantac online precose delivery acne medication pills tetracycline lexapro going generic march 2012 ayurslim overnight pharmacy buy tamoxifen with no rx la jolla discount pharmacy fax buy colospa online in usa medrol online usa no prescription aristocort a ointment abc pharmacy in canada quiero comprar antivert rumalaya gel doctors online doxycycline sunlight malaria pletal cilostazol side effects risperdal mist canada better than sinequan aciphex without perscription canada orlistat with american express why is there a shortage of suprax mobic usa aceon reviews purchase zyprexa forzest tabletten buy unisom tablets uk pharmacy can ciprofloxacin hcl get you high can you buy viagra over the counter brand customer satisfaction birth control pills liver buy stromectol with paypal what does fml forte do synthroid in usa low price retino-a cream 0,05 uk trazodone for daily use canada buy finasteride online ireland phenergan tablets dosage prazosin online price best flonase prices side effects of trileptal 300 mg calan blanes menorca reviews hydrea generic reviews can you buy femcare over the counter in germany gsk betnovate-n cream cvs pharmacy cialis vente de toradol au quebec desyrel delivery london viagra jelly online sales fluconazole for thrush on nipples viagra sublingual store proscar shop what is retino-a cream 0,05 made of viagra sublingual online usa what is zofran made of seroflo western australia fluoxetine without a script rx pharmacy carstairs cleocin tablets uses comprar keppra portugal kosovarja seksi ragipi can you buy levothyroxine online prescription zyprexa dosages use topamax 50 mg tablet compare sertralina prices evista raloxifeno precio mexico can order medrol canada fluoxetine generic usa online pharmacy casodex generic plavix india safe can you get motilium buy erythromycin online usa acheter female cialis pas cher research grade zenegra where can i buy alii protonix medicine dosage cheap uk order depakote san marino football stats which uk site to buy moduretic aceon from usa pharmacy where can i get orlistat in the uk where to buy cleocin lotensin refill pack buy dulcolax online pharmacy advair patent expiration 2011 usefulness of brahmi medicine viagra professional sale sildenafil prescription clomid cost revista 10 mg gasex without script prometrium to buy in australia keppra for purchase tofranil with paypal payment viagra sublingual drugs etodolac for dogs buy zenegra over the counter ventolin from usa low buy cheap acticin is mail order pravachol safe cleocin generico online get arimidex toronto genuine procardia 100mg buying prescription drugs in india travel detrol la maximum dose pill rx health order ethionamide products metoclopramide without a prescription sex power tablet cytotec online in us indian steel alliance delhi zyvox no prescription needed buy brafix singapore how to order doxycycline with no prescription use of rosuvastatin and fenofibrate tablets buy generic cialis from india lipitor discount buy cheap levothroid using pay pal stephen alli florida football purinethol for sale anafranil shortage 2012 azithromycin tablets 250 mg uses walmart 24 hrs pharmacy atarax medication for dogs water pills weight loss gnc cialis 20 mg 12 tabletten preis mexico cheap celies low cost coversyl buy buffered aspirin uk actos generic name phenergan online ordering buy female viagra with e check lidocaine ointment over the counter order erection packs 1 cialis treatment online generic famvir where can i buy nexium cheap when is propecia generic available lithium price history aetna mail order medications diclofenac alcohol liver kamagra oral jelly overnight delivery preo do cialis no brasil para que se usa atrovent comprar ditropan portugal best generic lopressor sites best place to order rosuvastatin in us lithium on line in the canada atarax generic wikipedia drugs what are characteristics of a healthy plan for weight management cheap generic pravachol i pill website delivery zestoretic buy mircette online reviews mentat dune mantra ordering vermox usa purchase silagra cheap buy erythromycin online no prescription order pharmacy diclofenac gel gm how to take benadryl allergy cheap zenegra usa online pharmacy uk allegra buy azulfidine online overnight viagra professional online without prescription buy cipro without zyvox no prescription reviews best sites buy viagra online nexium canada com sale prescription cheap brand levitra furosemide generic can i buy prednisone over the counter zovirax cost canada side effects of aricept 23 mg cheapest drug glucophage celadrin generico italiano betapace without rx advair diskus sale canadian side effects of ginseng for men best place to buy actoplus met in india decadron iv to po beconase aq without a script canadian military allies acticin uk brand name comprar acai portugal why has luvox been discontinued flovent tablets 150 mg zetia side effects order brafix overnight how to take himplasia mg zofran prescription free periactin store 4mg get zestoretic toronto cheap generic maxaman flagyl 500 mg 20 film tablet ne i?e yarar buy hytrin inhaler canada can lexapro 10 mg get you high much does lamisil pills cost ginseng prescription coupon clozaril wanted online review trileptal tablet sale lisinopril daily use reviews lopressor iv uses is mail order shuddha guggulu safe lamisil from canada viagra online uk buy genuine review no prescription online pharmacy buy gyne-lotrimin boots diamond pharmacy nogales mexico sominex shipping overseas is there a class action lawsuit against cymbalta alesse online bestellen alphatrex cream order online. mexico doxycycline hyclate alternatives levitra professional delivery london viagra 100mg vs 50mg cheap augmentin herbal viagra alternative new zealand buying pain medications online no prescription zyban no rx adios slimming tablets side effects overnight pharmacy4u where can i buy nizoral shampoo in the philippines purchase tretinoin 0 05 where to buy erythromycin uk zoloft 100mg vs 50mg can you take allegra d daily buy protonix without a subscription non generic lexapro viagra online paypal research drugs for sale australia micardis 80 mg /25mg ranitidine tablets 300mg healthcare alliance card scam can buy bupron sr online what is meclizine lamisil ordering no prescription walmart levitra price increase is mail order rosuvastatin safe brand levitra tablets 40mg buy cytoxan with paypal all types exelon pills triamterene order canada can you buy ventolin over the counter in spain need prescription baclofen shipping overseas cialis super active buy online us is it illegal to buy antibiotics online in the uk mirtazapine sleep quality perscripion meds mexico canada can you buy aciclovir tablets over the counter in uk monthly cost of januvia is confido available over the counter how long does cytotec take to work for abortion methotrexate italiano pharmacy buy capoten colchicine on line purchase buy actosol pharmacy can you drink on antibiotics clarithromycin can buy domperidone over counter uk suhagra paypal what are nitroglycerin tablets usp 0.4 mg mebendazole over the counter usa buy alligators all around these buy norvasc discount western drug isoptin generic lisinopril lupin where purchase hytrin flonase looking for genuine albenza best price pharmacy escrow coupon naprosyn dosage migraine lisinopril drugs and grapefruit tenormin buy online us ampicillin canada sale motrin without prescription celebrex medicine net sinemet next day purim canada prescription legal buy retin-a ge online canada thc pills for sale online discount remeron brand viagra buy no prescription get tinidazole las vegas buy biaxin online pharmacy buy generic triamterene online with prescription generic cyklokapron no prescription where calan is it illegal to order generic pamelor buy accutane 4 mg metformin online in usa buy generic metoclopramide reviews on revia where can i purchase lozol metocarbamol paracetamol carbafen ez online pharmacy buy viagra usaa does alli weight loss pill work what is the dosage for singulair ok take pain pills while pregnant renagel price comparison how to buy viagra legally doxycycline for dogs medication buy sildenafil uk accutane journal 2005 can you open celebrex capsules parlodel buy canada olanzapine results forum precose online coupon code terbinafine hydrochloride buy cymbalta and alcohol consumption side effects abilify 15 mg. tabletki viagra mexico otc ceftin side effects weight gain sarafem purchase in canada no prescription buy dutas in australia periactin more drug_uses best online pharmacy generic micronase over counter cialis soft low dose amitriptyline and alcohol can you buy viagra in las vegas buy crestor tablets viagra professional online overnight shipping voveran 100mg tablet buy female cialis 10 buy norvasc boots lasix 100mg buy zanaflex online order does mircette cause hair loss can take levitra high blood pressure medication nizoral coupons 2011 wellbutrin sr online without rx mexican robaxin how often to take aleve d fluoxetine generic mexico blopress generico online buy generic diflucan online what is the cost of valtrex without insurance forzest sale online cialis avodart mg canadian rx cleocin without food medication relafen tablets online side effects of feldene 20 mg online no prescription pharmacy canada can you buy paroxetine in ireland how to by levitra super active online lloyds pharmacy london sinequan over the couter albuterol sulfate buying it generic serpina buy canada valtrex 500 mg team estrogen online coupon drug for sale lasix online cost of glyset buy actoplus met 11 mg is there a drug comparative to chloramphenicol buy provera online finax rx can you get allegra over counter order brand name cialis online my canadian orders cytotec for abortion use where to buy allison cabinet pulls canada paxil tablets online purchase cefadroxil pills how to get azithromycin for chlamydia where bactrim there generic cymbalta 60 mg gabapentin codeine interaction atacand plus side effects shuddha guggulu costco clomiphene citrate-fsh challenge test genuine penegra best price cipla pharmaceuticals in india where to get chlamydia medication lov cost styplon vermox generic cheap costs buy generic prazosin there difference between propecia finasteride periactin vitamins no prescription plavix generic dosage ic indomethacin 50 mg capsule is singulair sold over the counter substitution of generic warfarin for coumadin in an hmo setting can you buy inhaler advair diskus online viagra plus overnight pharmacy get elavil toronto where to get atacand pct sale metformin do acne returns after accutane viagra online canada para que se usa la pastilla diflucan online pharmacy india legal buy v-gel hong kong cialis daily message boards medication for gout allopurinol buy cialis professional hong kong restless leg syndrome medication mirapex buy retino-a cream 0,05 online no prescription us cost prednisone canada aleve for daily use canada best natural alternative to viagra rosuvastatin 10 mg tab walmart prescriptions refill online plavix reviews side effects seroquel generic wikipedia drugs ginseng pills benefits can i get cialis online erythromycin where can i buy cheap zyvox canadian pharmacy low price aricept uk van you buy amantadine canadian lamictal shopping wellbutrin side effects itching buy actoplus met with paypal vytorin 10/40mg preo buy rx online no prescription can i make coumadin petmeds no rx any new ed drugs how to buy amantadine ventolin inhaler overdose what does parlodel treat celebrex pills sweat procardia cheap price bactrim pills online in the mexico noroxin lowest price allopurinol online cheap fucidin renal dose best luvox prices antivert spain over counter medrol dose pack drug class order acivir pills 10 canadian pharmacy can you buy lotensin over the counter in germany alli weight loss reviews yahoo order generic combivent buying shuddha guggulu canada order propranolol propranolol cost price how to get clonidine lipothin dosage too high se necesita receta medica para comprar viagra en mexico shatavari online in usa discount proscar can you get alligators in australia comprar speman original en madrid buy acticin usa med cab ranitidine weakest to strongest acids list lowest priced voveran buy cleocin t lotion online keflex canadian pharmacy nitrofurantoin uk next day delivery viagra super active to buy in england qnexa effexor xr price costco metronidazole cream uk genuine buy acticin what is requip prescribed for cialis from usa side effects of azithromycin 250mg buy accutane 20 norvasc tablets 40mg is global pharmacy canada safe lasix drugs clorhidrato sertralina efectos secundarios best cialis soft prices online pharmacy overnight rogaine 2 uses medication buy terbinafine cream lowest price rumalaya gel where to get alli coupons buying strattera in manchester what is the cost of accutane without insurance order lotrisone lotion paxil cr dosage forms safe micronase buy yasmin birth control missed 2 pills compare prices acticin order colchicine purchase buspar on line in australia order alli from usa without prescription cipla tadalafil 20mg buy cheap raciper online pharmacies that accept cod cabergoline menstrual periods glucophage max dose diovan uses medication jual viagra usa 100mg what types of nimotop are there what is flagyl er who is the girl for viamedic. com ads generic diovan 320 diovan generic what is ramipril motrin side effects long term buy tetracycline from india brand sale levitra online lowest best drugstore mascara 2012 yahoo the online drugstore evista lithium battery cordless drill reviews zanaflex pain medication generic brand for benadryl prednisolone tablets for horses buy proventil online cheap can you buy fincar coumadin prescription warning can i get keftab is provera available on line in canada 5 percent permethrin cream over the counter cicloferon suspension dosis atorlip-20 uk online billig anafranil online kaufen
Home Biz of Baseball - Interviews Interview - Tal Smith - Pres. Baseball Ops - Astros

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 988 guests online

Atom RSS

Interview - Tal Smith - Pres. Baseball Ops - Astros PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 11
PoorBest 
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 09 October 2005 12:00

Tal SmithAs the President of Baseball Operations for the Houston Astros, Tal Smith has helped assemble the first MLB team in history from Texas to go to a World Series. But, Smith is more than that. He has been involved in the birth of not one, but two ballparks (the Astrodome and Minute Maid Park). He's also a master at the preparation and presentation of salary arbitration cases, the financial appraisal of franchises and testimony as an expert witness in sports-related litigation.


 
You simply can't talk about most any facet of Major League Baseball in Houston without touching on Tal Smith. Be it assistant GM to Gabe Paul, the development of the Astrodome, General Manager of the Astros, the development of Minute Maid Park, President of Baseball Operations, as well as, contract negotiations and the salary arbitration process, Smith has touched on it all.

Smith is a sage. He's also a longtime member of SABR. If there's such thing as a Baseball Man's Baseball Man, Smith fits the bill. To be involved in the birth of not one, but two ballparks, is extraordinary. His work with Judge Roy Hofheinz on the Astrodome paved the way for countless attributes and amenities of the modern ballpark. Tal's Hill, the 10 degree incline at Minute Maid Park in centerfield, was but one of his ideas for the current home of the Astros. Talk salary structure and you get an insight into how methodical his approach has been when it came to setting contracts based on solid analysis. Smith is legendary in baseball for his ability to see how crucial statistical analysis would be when salary arbitration came into play in the '70's.

Talbot Smith was born in 1933 in Framington, Mass. He attended Culver Military Academy (IN) and Duke University where he earned a bachelor of arts degree in business administration in 1955. Before entering Duke (at the age of 16) Tal spent the summer as a staff announcer for the ABC radio affiliate in Durham, N.C. While at Duke, he broadcast Blue Devil basketball for stations in the region. During the summer recess in 1953, he worked as an assistant for the editorial staff at The Sporting News in St. Louis. Following graduation, he served as an officer in the United States Air Force for two years while continuing his radio work with various sports programs on a part-time basis. Upon completion of his military service, he worked as a news reporter for the Cape Cod (MA) Standard-Times before joining the Cincinnati Reds in December of 1957 as an administrative assistant for scouting and minor league operations.

Tal started his baseball career in earnest within the farm department of the Cincinnati Reds in 1958. He came to Houston in November of 1960 when he was named assistant to the general manager of the new National League Franchise. He was named team farm director of the Colt .45s in April of 1961, a position he held for two years. In April of 1963 he became assistant to the president of the Houston Sports Association, acting primarily as a liaison for the HSA during construction of the Astrodome. In the late 1960s, he also developed the formulas and pioneered the use of computerization of scouting reports and other player data. During the first of Tal's three terms with the Houston franchise, the club signed and developed more players that reached the Major Leagues than any other team.

Following completion of the Astrodome, Tal was named vice president and director of player personnel in December of 1965. In 1972, he was named vice president and director of operations for Astrodome-Astrohall Stadium corporation. In November of 1973, he left Houston to become executive vice president of the New York Yankees, serving in that capacity until his return to Houston as general manager of the Astros in August of 1975. He was named president of the club on Sept. 23, 1976.

Since 1961, he has been owner and operator of Tal Smith Enterprises, a firm which has provided consulting services to 26 of the 30 Major League clubs. The most recognized functions have been the preparation and presentation of salary arbitration cases, the financial appraisal of franchises and testimony as an expert witness in sports-related litigation. Tal also served as the sole arbitor in two disputes involving Major League Baseball where the Commissioner was recused.

In this interview, Tal talks of how he broke into baseball, his work with Judge Roy Hofheinz on the Astrodome, the development of Minute Maid Park, breaking down how he views the arbitration process, memorable cases with Barry Bonds, Bobby Bonilla and Don Mattingly, as well as touching on Roger Clemens, Carlos Beltran, and what it means to be a member of SABR.

Maury Brown

(Source for historical information- the 2005 Houston Astros Media Guide)


BizBall: Can you tell us how you got your foot in the door in baseball? I understand that speed reading or writing was somehow involved.

SMITH: Oh, where did you uncover that? After graduating Duke, I had an ROTC Commission—a couple of years in the Air Force. But my aspiration from the time I was 7 years old when I got hooked on baseball with the Tiger/Reds World Series in 1940 (which obviously dates me)—from that time on, baseball was a passion. Like almost all of us, I didn’t have enough talent or skill to play it professionally, so I turned to other things. I was fortunate enough I got a summer position with The Sporting News in 1953 while I was still in college. Everything I did I tried to center around athletics and particularly baseball.

When I was in the Air Force—obviously I had a two-year commitment, you start planning what you’re going to do. Most of my associates were looking at Fortune 500 companies or their father’s business or something of that nature. Here I was knocking on doors trying to get into baseball. At that time, there were 16 clubs obviously. Wrote letters to everybody; got varying responses—just a brief acknowledgement from Gabe Paul, who said, if I was ever in the area, he’d be happy to meet with me. I wrote back and I got out of service in mid-May of 1957. My wife and I drove to Cincinnati, and I cooled my heels in a small office,—a waiting room, the Reds had their downtown office—waiting for Mr. Paul. Obviously that was not a priority for him. So when he concluded with everything else, they ushered me back at the close of business—the club was on the road. That was the first time I had been in a major league office. I’d obviously been in a ballpark a lot, but never in an office.

I had a brief audience with him. Gabe asked a little about background—obviously at that age I didn’t have much of a background. I did have The Sporting News and I’d done broadcasting. I had a fine education, went to the Culver Military Academy as a prep school and then Duke. Gabe asked if I could type. Well, I had taken typing on my own during my high school years. He asked if I knew shorthand. I sort of lied and said that wasn’t part of Gabe Paulthe curriculum at Duke. He proceeded to tell me a couple of stories about people in business and show business who had actually launched their careers as ”male secretaries”. Gabe pointed out that in baseball—remember that this was the 1950’s—it wasn’t as common or appropriate for women to travel with men on business, especially baseball. It was a man’s game, for the most part.

So, after that ray of hope or ”suggestion” from Gabe, I went back to Durham, North Carolina and I enrolled in the Croft Business School with a number of 17-18 year old high school girls who were taking typing and shorthand. Obviously, I was looking for a shortcut and I had heard of speed-writing. Speed-writing is kind of like Berlitz is to language. It’s total immersion. You use abbreviations and a few symbols and so on. So, I wrote Gabe, told him I was enrolled. I sent him a progress report halfway through. Finished it up and—at that point you start thinking, I’ve got a job.

While I was carrying on this correspondence with Gabe, and other clubs, I said I didn’t want to commit myself long term. I was born in Massachusetts and in the Air Force; I was stationed at Otis on Cape Cod, which we dearly loved. So I checked with the radio station and the newspaper there.

After a couple of conversations with The Stanley Cape Edition, an offshoot of the New Bedford Times, they sort of hired me conditionally over the phone subject to a final interview; then my wife and I drove up to New Bedford to meet with the editor. I left my wife in the car while I ran upstairs to meet with the managing editor. He wanted to make sure that I wasn’t using this as a stepping stone to, say, the New York Times or Boston Globe like so many other college grads were doing. I told him that wasn’t my intention. I guess, in the interest of full disclosure, he never asked about the Cincinnati Reds. That was such a long shot at the time, so I didn’t bring it up. I worked for the paper there for about 3 months.

Meanwhile I told Gabe where I was. So I came home one day; there was a letter from him that told me they had an opening. I negotiated my salary back up to what I was making at the paper, which was $75/week. Gabe had offered me $300/month, a little bit short of $75/week. So I packed up the car and went to Cincinnati.

BizBall: You came to the expansion Colt .45s as an assistant GM to Gabe Paul in November of 1960. Did you consider staying with Reds at the time, or did you see that as an opportunity to continue working with Gabe Paul?

SMITH: I thought it was a great opportunity—very exciting—a chance to play a more important role. So I was excited about that.

BizBall: What type of philosophy, and ways of measuring talent did you learn from Paul that you applied when you took over as the Farm Director of the Colt '45s in 1961?

SMITH: It was great exposure. I suppose people that had the benefit of working for Gabe realized you had to be very thorough; you had to be accurate and leave "no stone unturned," so to speak. This was in the days prior to the Rule IV draft; so amateur scouting was a lot different. Again, just to be relentless and exhaustive in your research and to be aggressive.

BizBall: How did you transition from the GM duties to become the assistant to Roy Hofheinz and the Houston Sports Association during the development and construction of the Astrodome. It's kind of an interesting transition, you went from a being a GM to facility development.

SMITH: Well, this was in the early years of the Houston franchise-a lot of turnover. Gabe left as you know. We set up shop down there in late October or early November of 1960. Gabe called me from the road in April of 1961. We were in a bus station operating the AAA club. He called me to say he was going to Cleveland. This was a shock for a new franchise. Gabe asked us all-and there were some others from Cincinnati that had come down, Bill Giles and Charlie Morris, to stay 60 days before we made a decision. I elected to stay because it was  an exciting opportunity. Well, then there was a changeover. Paul Richards came in and a lot of the people he had been associated with. By the spring of 1963, when it became clear to me that Richards wanted his own people, we just didn't see eye-to-eye, so to speak. I was going to leave to go to Cleveland to join Gabe. Judge Hofheinz called me in and was sort of apologetic. He said that Paul [Richards] is the GM and he couldn't do anything about that. But then he asked me to stay as his aide and take over the liaison work for the club during the construction of the Astrodome.

Again, it was a sort of unique experience, a once in a lifetime thing. I called Gabe and he encouraged me to stay here. If it didn't work out, I could always make a move later on. So I spent two years doing that, and thoroughly enjoyed it. I missed being out of baseball, but this was such an exciting project-you learn on the job as you have to do in other situations.

When I first joined the Reds at the end of 1957, the story I was relating, we had a minor league Spring Training in 1958 in Laredo, TX. Bill McKechnie, Jr. the Son of Deacon, was what was generally termed the Farm Director-in charge of Scouting and Development which generally were combined in those days. Bill took sick during Spring Training. Here I was, I'd only been there with a couple of months of experience. In those days, the rules on player assignments and movements were much more complex than they are today. So, when Bill got sick, Gabe flew over from where the major league club was training in Tampa. He put Phil Segey in charge as the interim Farm Director. Well Phil had a scouting background, but not an administrative background. So, between Phil and I, we had to figure it out and we did. That was on-the-job training. It was sink or swim.

The Astrodome project was more or less the same thing. I mean I had a huge set of plans, the architectural plans, the mechanical, the electrical, and a great big thick book of specifications. I went to the job meetings and just learned enough as I was going along to represent the club and take care of what had to be done. But, it was a fascinating experience.

BizBall: Roy Hofheinz was quite an extraordinary man… lawyer at 19… state legislator at 22… judge at 24, and Mayor of Houston at 40, yet only about a decade in baseball. You worked side-by-side with him; can you give us some insight into Hofheinz, the man, as well as any anecdotal stories about him?

SMITH: Just a fascinating man, a real dynamo, the most eloquent speaker I ever heard in my life—just a master salesman, a master showman. I suspect in your research you’ve seen what he did with his design—and the Astrodome was his concept. The architect and engineers had to draw the plans, but this was Hofheinz’s vision and it was absolutely Roy Hofheinzmagnificent—his sense of show-biz. He was a big fan of the circus and, later on in life, actually bought Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey circus and operated that for awhile. He carried out these themes in all of his homes and his offices. He was just a fantastic salesman.

You’ve certainly heard about the Astroturf– stories when we ran into problems with the grass because of the skylights, the lack of light, the lack of water. We had to find a solution to that. Hofheinz had me go out and that’s when we came across Astroturf. When I reported back to him and we brought the people in from Chemstrand and, when they named a price, the Judge said, “That’s exactly what I had in mind for the advertising rights and publicity for you.” He was always thinking. He was a master of radio and television. A master of salesmanship.

We were the first club with, I believe, what was referred to as “luxury suites”. That was an afterthought, after the dome was already under construction. That was something that Hofheinz and the club paid for themselves when we added the skyboxes at the top of the dome on the ninth level. He was the first one to think of seat options and we never actually exercised that concept, but today, of course, it’s commonplace. He was just a step ahead as a promoter, as a showman and as a salesman.

BizBall: That touches on my next question. A great many facets of the current ballpark design are owed to that design of the Astrodome. The design for a Sky Dome, The Trailblazer and Astrodome Clubs, to the computerized scoreboards that we take for granted today. How were these ground-breaking ideas that Hofheinz was proposing received? How do you think the ownership establishment of the other clubs viewed these radical ideas?

SMITH: I think initially that when he came up with the dome idea and had to sell that to the National League owners—again, if he hadn’t been such a fantastic speaker and salesman, I’m not sure he could have carried it out, because that was, I was about to say ‘radical’, I’mAstrodome not sure ‘radical’ is the proper term for it but certainly a ‘unique’ idea and concern among baseball purists and traditionalists about playing baseball indoors. How’s the ball going to carry? Then when we went to Astroturf and what not, I really think that if we hadn’t tried natural grass to begin with, I think we had to do that regardless of whether it was going to work or not. After you had the dome open if the grass didn’t survive and you went to something else, there wasn’t any alternative. I think people were in awe of what he did. I think sometimes they were skeptical, but, again, as you’ve traced his political career and his accomplishments at such an early age from the standpoint of county judge and mayor and legislator and so on. He just accomplished so many things. He was several steps ahead of everybody. I think at first it was viewed maybe with alarm or concern and whatnot, but, as things worked out, I think people marveled at it.

BizBall: How did the name “Earthmen“ evolve for the ground crew at the Astrodome?

SMITH: This was in the final stages of the construction, shortly before Opening Day. I was out in the Stadium tending to things, checking on things and so on. I went back upstairs to the Judge’s suite. At about this time, he had started his quarters in the right field section and I joined the Judge and some other people up there. This was later in the hours and they were discussing various things—I forget exactly what it was. They were making some comment about the entire theme of the Space Age with the uniforms. I was frankly being facetious; I was being sarcastic. “I guess we can call the ground “the Earth,” we’ll call them ‘Earthmen’.” I just thought it was a play on words, but he liked it, picked up on it. That’s how it became the “Earthmen”.

BizBall: Back to your position as GM of the Astros… You seemed to have a clear structure to how you built teams in terms of salaries in the ‘70s. You often had incentive clauses within your contracts, which allowed you to keep the base low, often in the $200,000 range. The deal that John J. McMullen did for Nolan Ryan completely broke with this structure you had and, in the process, gave baseball the first $1 million contact, which set a precedent and opened up the glass ceiling for salaries.

Can you take us back to that deal, and what your reaction was to it?

SMITH: When I came back to Houston, for the most part, the club was being operated by the creditors, GE Credit and Ford Motor Credit. So, basically, any dollar we spent we had to find or save somewhere else. They were just interested in preserving asset value. When I came back from the Yankees in August, 1975, remember, that was a year that the Astros finished 43 ½ games out; so we had a lot of work to do and we didn’t have a lot of money to spend. You just try to put it together and I’ve always been interested– I’m not a lawyer but I’ve always been interested in law and contracts and those kind of things. I believe we were the first club to write an option clause for players. I wrote one for Ken Boswell, who was at that time a utility player and pinch hitter for us. We didn’t know how long we’d need his services, but I thought he was a valuable guy, so I wrote a contract and gave a consideration of $5000 for an option on his services for the second year. I’m not dead certain of this, but I had never seen any options clauses before that.

I felt that players’ performances, and I still do, that they [the contracts] should be tied to performance, obviously. You don’t always have that benefit but that’s why I went to contingency clauses. As a matter of fact, I went to New York and spoke to Commissioner Bowie Kuhn and his advisors and staff. I maintained then, and I still do, that performances bonuses and contingency clauses in contracts should not be limited or restricted as they are today to innings pitched or games started or total plate appearances. You always negotiate on wins and saves and RBIs and home runs and batting averages, and so on and so forth. I still maintain that’s the way performance and contingency clauses should be based. The argument against it is, “Well, you put too much pressure on the manager.” You have the same thing today, if you have a guy down at the end of the season that needs two more starts before the option kicks in. I’m sure you’ve read enough about those issues that have arisen as a result of that. But, that was sort of my theme.

In ’79, we had J.R. Richard, and Jose Cruz who were both going to be free agents. Those were long and difficult negotiations. Tom Reich and I negotiated the J.R contract for the whole season. Obviously, as you understand, the clock is important. It provides leverage for the most part to the player and his representative. Tom and I hadn’t always worked well Nolan Ryantogether, but he’s got a job to do. J.R. went down to the wire. We didn’t finalize that until the World Series– the Pittsburgh-Baltimore World Series. We finalized it in Pittsburgh shortly before J.R. would have been out on the market. I’d gotten through the same thing with Cruz. We had that one done by then, but that had been a long, protracted negotiation. J.R.’s, as I recall, I had him signed to a base salary of $200,000. It was a long one, it was going to be a five-year contract with some with deferred compensation, a lot of incentives based into it. Obviously, you base some things on starts, awards, honors and whatever you can write. It gave him the potential, the chance, to realize a great deal more money. Tom was concerned about providing something for J.R. with something at the end of his baseball career, which is why we had the deferred comp in there.

But then, when the Nolan Ryan negotiation came along, that was a million dollar base salary. This was shortly after McMullen and I came to a parting of the ways. But just before that, obviously Tom Reich and J.R. were very upset. J.R., to me. was the dominant pitcher in the game in 1979. That was an issue. McMulllen ultimately had to tear up the Richard contract and rewrite it and vest most of the performance bonuses in base salary. Then, of course, unfortunately J.R. was stricken during the 1980 season. So, from a salary standpoint, instead of $200,000 he would have been making [more], which ultimately proved to be to his benefit. Obviously, he was entitled to the rewritten contract.

BizBall: Let’s jump forward to another stadium you had a large part in, the current facility that the Astros use, Minute Maid Park. “Tal’s Hill” shows just how much influence you had on the design of the facility. The 10-degree incline in centerfield is something wholly unique to Minute Maid Park and something that has garnered considerable conversation from both purists and those following ballpark architecture.

Can you walk us through how you came up with that concept, and what if any hurdles you had selling the design aspect, and what type of dynamic it has created now that it has been in use since 2000?

SMITH: Basically, in the planning and design stage of the stadium, there are a lot of people involved in the design team. The professionals—the architects and designers from HOK … from our staff, Drayton McLane is a real hands-on owner and was very interested in that. And Drayton and Bob McLaren, who at that time headed up the business aspects of our operation, and Pam Gardner, who is now President of Business Operations, and Rod Matwick and myself … and a lot of people involved. And we had a lot of sessions. Once the location, site, and footprint was decided, with the anchor of Union Station, and after we finalized our basic concepts such as the seating bowl and how many levels, Drayton said: “What can we do from the standpoint of the ballpark—the inside of the playing field— what can to make it unique?" As you and SABR members are, I’m somewhat of a baseball historian—perhaps not to the degree that some SABR members are. I talked about some of the things about the vines at Wrigley—about the monuments which used to be in play at Yankee Stadium--about the dimensions of ballparks from the standpoint of earlier eras such as how deep Forbes Field was.

By this time, I think I had gone back and charted field dimensions for all the existing ballparks and former ballparks. I presented this and talked about it, talked about the dirt strip between home plate and the pitcher’s mound, which used to be standard in every ballpark, and I mentioned the terraces at Crosley Field and reminded them of Fenway Park. We talked about minor league ballparks and Durham Athletic Park—a lot of places that had terraces, embankments, or unusual characteristics. I was simply laying this out there for the consideration of the people on the design team. I’m not necessarily an advocate of any particular [design]. I’m basically answering the question, “What can we do?” “ Well here are some ideas”.

The architects and designers of HOK picked up on it with an early plan. The schematics had the terrace out in center field and the dirt strip between home plate and the pitcher’s mound. I didn’t know how long it would survive.

I can recall Buck Showalter– I’m not sure what influence this had, obviously anybody who is a historian knows of the dirt strip between home plate and the pitcher’s mound. But I can recall Buck was in town doing some scouting for the Diamondbacks and the [Houston] Tal's HillChronicle had a color rendering of the schematics of the field on the front page of the paper and it showed the dirt strip. The next thing I knew, the Diamondbacks had it incorporated. That may have happened in any event. It was not all that unusual for anyone who knew anything about the former ballparks. But it also didn’t go by the wayside, because that was going to be different—because Detroit was going to incorporate it—and so we talked about flagpoles. A lot of our people wanted the flagpole in play as long as it was properly padded. I know that caused a reaction when people would see any renderings of the proposed ballpark. “You can’t have the flagpole in play.” We said: “Of course you can.” It was rather surprising, even, when we sent in the plans to MLB and got a response back about that flag pole. “There must be a mistake the flag pole’s in play.” I said, “You haven’t been to Detroit.”

I was surprised that the Hill survived. One of the architects, from a naming standpoint, in the early plans, in our meetings or references, referred to it as Tal’s Hill. There wasn’t anything else to call it and I had sort of thrown the idea out there. The name sort of stuck more as an inside reference than anything else. Obviously, today, I accuse people, “You wanted to name it [Tal’s Hill] so you would know who to blame for those who didn’t make it!” I understand it’s very, very popular with our fans and I get a lot of comments. Particularly when somebody reads something about people from other areas, I take great exception to it. Frankly, it hasn’t interfered with play at all. You’ve seen some of the pictures, probably on SportsCenter. It really hasn’t caused a problem. I see more players trip over the pitcher’s mound than I do over the hill we have in center field.

BizBall: I want to shift over to something that is a large part of this—a large part of your history and what you do now. The arbitration process is something that is, to most baseball fans, a mystical process. When the process was first put in place, the vast majority of cases were won by players or, rather, player agents.

When John McMullen let you go, you first assisted the A’s with arbitration cases with Mike Morris and Tony Armas.

Do you recall these first case, and how you approached it?

SMITH: Gene Michael—I forget the others on there—we did four cases. I’ve done some cases since– in Houston in ‘80; I helped Sandy Alderson in 1981 with their two cases.

I started getting calls when I lost my consulting practice. It was even before that. I guess I announced that in April. I had only done the Oakland stuff. I was getting calls from people who wanted to ask questions or get a little help on this and that. Dick Wagner was one. Obviously, Oakland, Roy Eisenhart, had called and that’s what got me to go out there to help them with their two cases.

That’s when I lost the consulting practice and I started getting calls. I think Jim Campbell, the GM in Detroit at the time, was the first one. He asked if I’d handle their arbitration. Well, obviously, I knew the GMs and they knew me and, as I said, maybe we had done some innovative things during our Astros days in the ‘70s with contracts, the options and the performance clauses and so on and so forth. So Campbell called and asked if I’d do it. One thing led to another. He talked to some other people and I started getting some inquiries. We ended up representing six clubs in 1982.

I put together a team. Gerry Hunsicker was part of it; Steve Mann, who had worked for Bill Wright and was brought in as an analyst in the late ‘70s for a year or so for the Astros. I put together a team of people that I knew and we lost the first case in ‘82 to Willie Mays Aikens and won the next seven, including three against Dick Moss and three for the Yankees. That sort of set us off on that.

As far as how we did it, I just have a sense of what’s important in establishing a player’s value and tried to present in a well organized, orderly fashion to an arbitrator and make the distinction between players that are arbitration eligible and those that are free agents. To me, they were two different markets at that time. I think over a period of time a lot of clubs lost sight of that and lost that advantage. That’s a long drawn out thing that I’d be happy to talk to you about at some other time. It’s a theory that worked very well until the clubs, by their own practice, killed it.

BizBall: In the early days of arbitration you seemed to adapt where others did not on management’s side of the table. You seemed to grasp that statistical analysis played a key role in presenting your case to the arbiter. Did you try and pass on what was working for you to others to try and get owners and GMs to understand how the arbitration process worked?

SMITH: At one time, we were representing 13 clubs. In one year, as you know, 1986, we handled 96 filings and actually presented 25 cases. I really suspect—at that time I think—that the union was trying to test us and see if they could break us perhaps from the standpoint of volume.

I have certain theories, beliefs and philosophies as to how to approach this and how the salary structure should be determined. Some people embraced it and others didn’t understand it, I don’t think. I think they really clouded the distinction between someone  that’s got additional service—that has six years—and has earned the right to be a free agent is different from somebody—a third-year player— eligible for salary arbitration. The Basic Agreement, to me, clearly distinguishes on service and affords and grants players various rights depending upon that service. Those rights should have different value. As I said, all that’s been clouded and, as time went on, we had to adjust because there were too many examples of clubs ignoring that or doing things that just didn’t make a whole lot of sense. You know, frankly, a lot of the problem is that Clubs are responsible for the actions of others, whether deemed appropriate or not.

BizBall: In your opinion, how often does the arbitor already know which figure he will choose—just by viewing each side’s written submission. In other words, how often does oral argument sway the arbitor?

SMITH: As you probably know, there isn’t any brief submitted in advance. While, presumably, the arbitrator comes up with this as it stands—ideally not even knowing who the player is going to be. It is basically an oral presentation backed up by your written exhibits. I’m not sure that’s generally understood. There are some arbitrators that are obviously well-informed fans that have their own opinions. That’s why I think it’s important for them not to know in advance. I don’t want them going to a scouting notebook or something of that nature and form their conclusions based on what somebody else has written. I think they should come in as much as possible with an open mind and listen to the evidence that is presented.

I’m sure we’re all human and, if it’s a prominent player, it’s tough to win cases with prominent players. I still maintain, along with everyone in the room, that we won the case with Don Mattingly with the Yankees. I can recall leaving the hearing and walking down the street with union reps and agents and everything else and everybody more or less conceded that the club had prevailed, not because Mattingly wasn’t a great player—he was a great player—it’s a question of what’s the appropriate value. Yet, when we got the decision, it was in favor of the player. It was a case heard in New York with a New York arbitrator. Those things happen.

I think the decisions in those days prior to the institution of a panel, I think if you were to poll both sides—the union reps or the agents, and the club practitioners—I’m not sure (before the decision) that they would get half of them right. We all have a sense you go in Don Mattinglyas an advocate, you present your case and you’ve got a pretty good idea as to whether won or not. But, sometimes the arbitrator didn’t see it the same way and you get surprises on both sides. We got some wins—some calls for us—that really surprised us.

BizBall: Sabermetrics, especially among the baseball community, is fairly well known, but you started to collect data and present that with computer analysis. In the process, I think that some people believe that there’s just this overwhelming flow of statistical analysis that is done. Is it a case where actually ‘less is more’ in some cases? You’re dealing with arbitrators who may not fully understand baseball.

SMITH: As a standpoint? I think that very clearly you run the risk of overkill. You’ve got to keep this pretty basic. In the first place, you’ve only got an hour. It is not an exercise that is really designed for some of the more sophisticated or advanced sabermetricians. It’s got to be more fundamental and basic than that; otherwise you’ll confuse the issue. You still get back to comparing one player to another, as to what the salary should be and so on. I think you’ve got to be very, very careful. I’ve got an appreciation for sophisticated statistics, but I don’t think that’s the exercise that’s involved when you get into arbitration.

BizBall: There seems to be—and maybe this is just a cycle—there seems to be a decline in cases that are going to hearing. I can only think of three this season. Why do you think there has been a decline or do you just think it’s just the way this off-season cycle went?

SMITH: Well, it may be somewhat of a cycle. It had seemed that one group this year didn’t settle, that went down to the wire; as a matter of fact, the actual cases were relief pitchers and all the late settlements seemed to be relief pitchers and not the front line closers. To some degree that goes in cycles, because there have been settlements among a certain group—whether it’s the MLS 3 relief pitchers which was basically the group that was late in getting issues resolved. It sort of impacts everybody in that class. It’s a time-consuming process.

You’d have to talk to agents. Some agents enjoy the process, but I think there’s risk for agents. If they lose a case, then they risk losing the client. If they win the case, it’s probably because the player feels that he’s a very good player. From a club standpoint, there’s some tendency to feel that they don’t want to subject the player to it. I don’t think it’s all that negative. We’ve done almost 150 cases, I think, and I can only recall two or three where I thought there was any animosity and so on. I think the tone is really established. To me it’s nothing more than an ongoing discussion or debate, the same as you would have in negotiations, except for the fact that it’s being presented to a third party. It’s not one where you have to be derisive or castigate the player or anything else. I mean the numbers are the numbers. When you’re negotiating, if a guy hit .220 or .235 you bring that out in your negotiations. If he’s got an ERA of 5.00, you’re telling the agent that; you’re telling the player that. So now your simply telling that to a third party. I don’t think it has to be denigrating.

There are some people that think that it’s just not in the club’s best interests to subject the player to that. I don’t necessarily subscribe to that. I don’t think there’s all that much harm done. I still see many players that we’ve arbitrated against. Of course, everybody likes to win. I like to win; the player likes to win. But I don’t think it’s affected our relationships or dealings. They still go out of their way in most cases to speak. Barry Bonds speaks to me. We beat Bonds twice and Barry and I still kid—you may call it agitate about it. I don’t think it has any lasting consequences. Most of them will say, “I still came out ahead anyway.” Bobby Bonilla—I worked with Bobby twice and I won both of those cases—now works with the Union. When I see him during arbitration season, he’ll sort of joke about it and say, “I still came out way ahead because the money’s so great to begin with.”

BizBall: What’s the most memorable case that you were involved in?

SMITH: Oh boy, that’s hard to say. I mean it was interesting doing the Bonds and Bonilla cases. The Bonds case is one of those players. Mattingly is one of the toughest losses, because I have great respect for Don as a player, I clearly thought we won that case. I don’t know if I can single out one over the other. We’ve done so many over the years. We’ve been upset about some of the calls, some of the decisions and what not, but it sort of evens out because you win some cases you didn’t think you were going to win.

BizBall: Your son, Randy, has followed in your footsteps, and has been a GM of the Padres and the Tigers. You’ve conducted some trades with them and so, I have to ask, is it a thin line dealing with family or does it provide an advantage for both parties?

SMITH: Oh, I think it provides an advantage. For the most part, I’ve always approached trades…I don’t think you’re fooling anybody or snookering anybody. I’ve always tried to take a direct approach. I’ve tried to sit down and figure out to begin with what I need, where I might get it, and what makes sense to that club. You try to do the matches. I don’t think you make significant trades by necessarily being smarter than somebody else. I think maybe if you do more research and work harder…. I think that most of the trades were ones that made sense to both clubs. Ideally, that’s the way it should be.

The deals we made with San Diego and Detroit were pretty much the same way. What do the Padres need? What do we need? What’s surplus? What’s expendable? What can they do? and so on. And that’s how they come about. You sit down and have an open discussion. Frankly, trades I made—whether it was Bing Devine, Pat Gillick, or Lou Gorman, or anyone else over the years—were pretty much the same way.

When I need a shortstop…say Craig Reynolds is a promising young player in Seattle. I can see where he might be expendable to them. What do they need? I’ve got Floyd Bannister; we’ve got pitching depth. Bannister should be attractive. Lou Gorman made that deal in a very few minutes; …the same thing when I was dealing with Bing Devine or Pat Gillick or anybody else. I think if you’re candid and objective…. You’re not trying to fool anybody. You’re trying to do something that presumably will help you and, perhaps, help the other club. It was a whole lot easier with Randy; I guess he sort of did it the same way I did.

BizBall: Here we are in 2005 and there were two high profile free agents this past off-season for the Astros. You had to deal with Carlos Beltran and the other was Roger Clemens. How tough were the negotiations with Beltran? How do you feel about retaining Clemens?

SMITH: Oh, we’re delighted to have Roger. I hoped that he would decide to continue his career. He’s still one of the very best pitchers in the game and, arguably, one of the greatest pitchers of all time. It’s an ideal arrangement for him. He had a fantastic year last year-an exciting season. He’s at home. We’ve been able to work it out where, when he’s not pitching, he’s able to spend some time with his kids and see them play and spend some time with his [now late] mother. As it stands, we were certainly hoping that Roger would reach a decision where he would want to continue playing. Obviously he did. From a negotiation standpoint—obviously he’s a great pitcher and his representatives, Randy and Roger ClemensAlan Hendricks, recognize that. Just the way the Basic Agreement is constructed, they had the advantage of using the arbitration process. Roger was not yet ready to make a decision as to whether he was going to continue or not. So, from our standpoint we had to offer arbitration or foreclose the possibility of negotiating with him, which we couldn’t do. So obviously, that helped to set the value.

The Beltran negotiations, they really didn’t get to any meaningful dialogue until the final hour before the deadline that we faced. It’s just tough to do a deal of that magnitude in the final hour. Drayton asked on many occasions if we could go visit with Carlos in Puerto Rico—if we could talk to him. We were denied that opportunity and told that, if we did, that would foreclose any negotiation with Carlos and perhaps some others down the road. Again, when you have a situation like that, the agent and the player set ground rules of what we could do.

Some people have suggested, “Well, you should have issued an ultimatum.” That’s all well and good. That doesn’t appear to me to be the right thing to do to your fans … to just foreclose any possibility. I don’t think Scott Boras would have reacted to any ultimatum that we might have established as far as “This offer is good until December 1, or December 10….” I don’t think that would have worked. All we would have done at that point is, with absolute certainty, denied the Astros any opportunity. As it was, I’m not sure how great an opportunity we had. It didn’t work out for us. But I don’t think there’s anything, in retrospect, we could have really done other than perhaps close the doors earlier, write it off and go in another direction. We wanted to get Carlos, if at all possible, but that’s the course we chose.

BizBall: What do you like about SABR? And, making a case for it for those who are not members, what do you think they gain from it?

SMITH: Well, I regret that I didn’t have the opportunity or time to be more involved. In the early years, I actually served as an Officer and I enjoyed that. I’ve got great respect for the  people in SABR. Obviously, we share a common interest. The research work and the literary efforts by SABR members are extraordinary. That’s the principal benefit I get out of it today. I’ve been unable to attend the annual conventions in the last several years. I hope that, as time goes on, perhaps I can pick that up again.

I heartily endorse SABR to anybody that has baseball interest. From the standpoint of the local regional meetings, the national convention, and the publications, the research, I just think it’s a fantastic association for anybody that has a deep and abiding interest in the game. I certainly encourage anybody to join. As I said, I wish I was able to participate to a greater degree, and perhaps down the road I will be able to.

The following interview was originally published on the SABR Business of Baseball website, and can be read here: SABR Business of Baseball Interviews Page

Interview conducted by Maury Brown on 5/16/05.
Transcribed by Steven Charnick and Maury Brown.
Edited by John Ruoff.

 
 
Banner

Poll

Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?