Vantin oral lösning dosering köpa Roxithromycin i tyskland köpa Temovate i phuket försäljning Pamelor köpa Altace original köpa Florinef butik köpa Cardizem barcelona vart kan man köpa Micardis online recept för Clomid Midamor duo leverans kan man köpa Tamoxifen på teneriffa Cholestoplex bästa pris sänkt pris på Minomycin köpa Charboleps i riga beställa Strattera sverige Elavil recept sverige Trileptal hur stor dos att köpa Periactin i sverige köpa Femcare i london köpa Etodolac på apoteket köpa Clindamycin i bulgarien köpa Fincar oslo skillnad mellan generisk Lisinopril Amitriptyline i sverige utan recept vill köpa Proscar generisk Diflucan biverkningar Voveran hur stor dos Zetia usa köpa var köpa Alesse flashback kan man köpa Fincar i grekland är det farligt att köpa Aspirin på nätet beställa Bentyl lagligt Provera var köpa beställa Gasex på nätet beställa Ayurslim inrikes köpa Glycomet billigt beställa Diarex i sverige Ralista jelly snabb leverans viagra Dapoxetine köpa köp Zyloprim utan recept kan man köpa Ashwagandha i usa Duphalac utan recept i sverige kan man köpa Digoxin i prag skillnad mellan generisk Phenergan olagligt att beställa Minocycline på nätet köpa Amitriptyline snabbt Femara vägguttag pris pris för Himcolin viagra Allegra köpa Avalide pris sverige köpa Aygestin internet lagligt att beställa Tenormin köpa Omnicef säkert på nätet köpa billigaste Myambutol köpa Lotrisone butik köpa Calcium Carbonate egypten köpa Ventolin 20mg Medrol kräm pris beställa Lamictal på internet Serpina oral lösning pris Zestril dosering urinvägsinfektion köpa Depakote i egypten köpa Evecare över disk köpa generisk Prinivil pris Yasmin sverige köpa Torsemide i norge köpa Beconase AQ apoteket köpa Speman lagligt i sverige Zyprexa pris på apoteket köpa Paxil inrikes Clozaril pfizer köpa Diovan vägguttag pris säkra sidor att köpa Innopran köpa Aceon inom eu svårt att få recept på Top Avana köpa Keppra usa sänkt pris på Unisom kan man köpa Fertomid i kroatien kan man köpa Elavil på nätet köpa Kemadrin i tallin snabb leverans av Clozaril Motrin säker leverans lagligt köpa Caverta köpa Naprosyn i england kan man köpa Atorlip-5 utan recept Prednisolone dödlig dos köpa Prednisone på internet Pristiq dosering urinvägsinfektion generisk Digoxin i sverige köpa Lopressor i frankrike Trimox vägguttag pris sänkt pris på Celexa Minocycline utan recept i sverige köpa Naltrexone på gran canaria köpa Apcalis alanya Isoniazid pris apoteket hjärtat kan man köpa Aricept på nätet flytande Ponstel dosering Clonidine online utan recept köpa Eldepryl 400 mg köpa Eldepryl budapest köpa Florinef 400 mg köpa Fertomid på kreta recept för Styplon köpa Lamisil för tjejer Malegra rekommenderad dos köpa Clomid 2013 köpa eljo Nolvadex Styplon plåster pris beställa Orlistat olagligt köpa Septilin över disk köpa Ayurslim budapest köpa Orlistat i filippinerna beställa Aristocort online flashback köpa Sinemet i bulgarien Adalat gel pris apoteket köpa Mycelex-g säkert beställa Panmycin pulver köpa FML Forte på gatan köpa Evista billigt att köpa Lipotrexate i sverige Aldactone på apoteket pris köpa Colospa i egypten köpa eljo Diabecon köpa Coumadin apotek kan man köpa Singulair i spanien Ophthacare utan recept köpa Evista orifarm Finax jelly köpa köpa Effexor kroatien Dostinex till hund dosering Procardia lägre pris köpa Mobic i estland säkra sidor att köpa Emsam Elavil vet dosering köpa Buspar från sverige köpa Aceon på nätet flashback köpa äkta Flexisyn på nätet köpa eljo Beconase AQ beställa Glucophage flashback köpa Avana billigt apoteket Robaxin pris beställa Lamisil på internet beställa Voveran på nätet flashback Atorlip-5 oral lösning pris generisk Trazodone sverige Aceon pris i sverige köpa Lariam i ungern Pristiq jelly köpa Betnovate hög dos hur kan man köpa Ampicillin bästa stället att köpa Methotrexate bra sida att köpa Fluoxetine köpa Uroxatral i turkiet köpa blå Motilium köpa Levothroid i usa köpa Lincocin göteborg köpa Myambutol i tallinn pris på Septilin i turkiet köpa generic Bactrim var kan man köpa Zovirax lagligt att beställa Apcalis på nätet Erythromycin snabb leverans sverige bra ställe o köpa Temovate köpa Differin malmö köp billig Atorlip-10 köpa Zoloft i tyskland Olanzapine mot ångest dos kan man köpa Pamelor i tyskland snabb leverans av Nizagara kan man köpa Tamoxifen spanien köpa billigaste Liponexol bra sida att köpa Hytrin köpa Prinivil i tallin kan man köpa Differin på apoteket utan recept köpa Vasodilan 20mg var köper man billig Benfotiamine beställa Diovan från thailand sänkt pris Glucovance sänkt pris Xenical köpa Albenza tjeckien köpa Wellbutrin apoteket köpa Chloromycetin i england köpa Vytorin i barcelona vart kan man beställa Trental är det recept på Atrovent i vilka länder kan man köpa Lithium receptfritt Nizagara recept sverige Rogaine 2 dosering lunginflammation köpa Digoxin online 2013 är det olagligt att köpa Pamelor kan man köpa Allegra i sverige är det lagligt att köpa Dipyridamole är det lagligt att köpa Gasex Florinef dosering vuxen beställa Abilify på nätet lagligt Styplon dos migrän pris på Dramamine i sverige köpa Advair online sverige kan man köpa Omnicef thailand kan man köpa Flagyl ER i prag kan man köpa Temovate i turkiet Lioresal köpa online Duphalac utan recept spanien köpa Zebeta receptfritt försäljning Olanzapine Mentat utan recept köpa Epivir-HBV i danmark var kan man köpa Entocort duo var kan man köpa äkta Apcalis köpa Diakof köpenhamn köpa blå Ashwagandha Lasuna att köpa köpa Prazosin seriöst beställa Minocycline i sverige beställa Aygestin utomlands apotekets pris på Skelaxin köpa Biaxin estland var beställa Sinequan kan man köpa Colospa i tyskland köpa Pilex billigt Clozaril dosering första gången Strattera på recept Lopressor dosering föredrag Slim Tea pris sverige apoteket Trimox gel pris köpa Nicotinell i bulgarien billig Caverta sverige köpa Myambutol i oslo kan man köpa Feldene på apoteket utan recept Clarinex pris apotek sverige köpa Elavil i göteborg köpa Dramamine billig Reglan dosering föredrag köpa Tadalis i ungern var köpa Tricor köpa laglig Eurax Trial Erection packs pulver köpa skaffa recept Avalide hur beställa Imuran olagligt att beställa Copegus på nätet bra ställe att köpa Clomid pris på Eulexin i sverige köpa Risperdal online sverige köpa Hoodia mot faktura är det säkert att köpa Nitrofurantoin på nätet köpa Clonidine på faktura köpa Cephalexin på nätet beställa Anacin online flashback generisk Cyklokapron snabb leverans generisk Prinivil i sverige köpa Lozol amsterdam köpa Imitrex på apotek köpa äkta Zestril vart beställa Zithromax köpa Zovirax i lettland Geriforte migrän dos Artane migrän dosering köpa Betnovate i grekland Himcocid dosering till hund behöver man recept för Mestinon är det säkert att köpa Fosamax på nätet fungerar generisk Evecare köpa blå Rocaltrol apoteket Sinequan pris köpa generisk Acticin i sverige bästa pris på Top Avana var ska man köpa Diarex beställa Dramamine pulver köpa Benicar malmö köpa Keftab grekland hur få recept på Imitrex Toradol dosering lunginflammation är det olagligt att köpa Nizoral köpa Hydrochlorothiazide i amsterdam Stromectol gel pris apoteket snabb leverans på Urispas köpa Tetracycline egypten köpa äkta Cozaar köpa Mobic nätet generisk Duphalac biverkningar köpa Cefadroxil egypten beställa Zocor från sverige köpa Aldara i turkiet beställa hem Phexin eljo Hydrochlorothiazide bästa pris köpa laglig Styplon köpa Gasex gran canaria Plendil duo leverans Benfotiamine sverige snabb leveransflytande Duphalac dosering köpa billigaste Valtrex Lipitor eljo pris Lozol oral lösning dosering köpa Requip på nätet beställa Isoptin på nätet 2014 var kan man beställa Zyprexa farligt köpa Decadron på nätet köpa Confido rhodos köpa generisk Nolvadex online Promethazine nervositet dos vill du köpa Zanaflex kan man köpa Yasmin utan recept vart kan man beställa Atarax kan man köpa Bactrim receptfritt på apoteket sänkt pris på Cleocin köpa Phenergan på nätet lagligt Vantin dosering vuxen beställa Trental på nätet köpa concerta Pristiq Himcocid säker leverans köpa Arcoxia 2013 skaffa recept till Ranitidine Bystolic vet dosering köpa Avapro i phuket Rumalaya kapslar pris eljo Urispas dimmer pris köpa Clomid i barcelona köpa Cefadroxil danmark är det lagligt köpa Advair på nätet Liv 52 mot ångest dos Ranitidine utan recept är det lagligt att köpa Ponstel köpa Wellbutrin billig Dilantin dödlig dos köpa Benfotiamine lagligt på nätet köpa Luvox i sverige Tadacip dos nervositet beställa Rocaltrol inrikes köpa Exelon olagligt köpa Detrol rhodos Singulair plåster pris vart beställa Citalopram fungerar generisk Deltasone är det farligt att köpa Vermox på nätet beställa Voveran jelly Temovate migrän dos är det olagligt att köpa Tetracycline kan man köpa Lincocin i tyskland köpa Zyrtec på mallorca kan man köpa Slimex i grekland köpa Moduretic på nätet lagligt generisk Bentyl snabb leverans var köpa äkta Chloromycetin köpa Maxalt phuket köpa Zaditor i ryssland köpa Acivir för tjejer Bupropion dosering rampfeber Prevacid rapid recept Mentat nervositet dos bra sida att köpa Zithromax var köper man Roxithromycin utan recept bra ställe att köpa Erexin-V Medrol dosering rampfeber köpa Glycomet online sverige köpa Sumycin över disk köpa blå Flomax hur köpa Carbozyne köpa Prilosec på ica köpa FML Forte i vietnam köpa Duphalac i turkiet Erexin-V rapid recept bra ställe att köpa Silagra köpa Himcocid i kina köpa generic Nizagara snabb leverans av Aciphex beställa Meclizine på nätet flashback var köper man Zaditor utan recept eljo Aceon dimmer pris beställa hem Exelon Forzest hur stor dos köpa Imitrex kräm Provera att köpa olagligt att beställa Motilium på nätet köpa Valtrex i ungern Propranolol hexal köpa köpa Lariam i kroatien köpa Mycelex-g på kanarieöarna hur stor dos Slim Tea ska man ta köpa Lithium danmark köpa generic Naltrexone köpa Accutane grekland pris Moduretic apotek hjärtat pris på Cyklokapron i sverige köpa Bestina i italien köpa Zovirax på kreta köpa Slim Tea kina Zocor online utan recept beställa Desyrel på faktura beställa Nolvadex på internet Olanzapine strömbrytare pris köpa Ceftin i grekland är det lagligt köpa Acticin på nätet Caverta bra pris köp Levitra snabb leverans kan man köpa Celexa receptfritt i danmark köpa Fosamax köpenhamn köpa Myambutol amsterdam Cytotec dosering vuxna lagligt att köpa Avapro köpa Plavix i frankrike kan man köpa Slimex på gran canaria köpa Himcocid på gran canaria köpa Mycelex-g i apoteket köpa Propecia i indien köpa Slimex i amsterdam lagligt att beställa Cyklokapron köpa Plendil prag säkert ställe att köpa Vytorin köpa Acticin polen pris hyra container Penegra köpa Tricor rhodos vilka länder kan man köpa Naltrexone receptfritt köpa Confido på rhodos Actoplus med snabb leverans Chloromycetin gel på recept köpa Anafranil phuket köpa Mobic online kan man köpa Zyrtec i prag köpa generic Fucidin hur köpa Zestril vad kostar Phexin med recept Sarafem dos urinvägsinfektion måste man ha recept på Florinef köpa Lisinopril 400 mg köp Clonidine utan recept köpa Bactrim tallinn olagligt att köpa Astelin Depakote beställa köpa Zetia på internet köp billig Femara att köpa Advair i sverige kan man köpa Avodart i sverige beställa Vasodilan pulver köpa Yasmin gran canaria lägsta pris på Lamisil dosering Ceftin k köpa äkta Bentyl billig Norvasc snabb leverans köpa billigt Sildalis köpa blå Aricept köpa Nizoral rhodos vad kostar Methotrexate på recept vem vill köpa Indocin beställa container Zocor dödlig dos Toprol köpa concerta Lady era kan man köpa Danazol i grekland köpa Ranitidine polen V-gel utan recept i sverige sänkt pris Seroquel var köpa Amaryl billigt köpa Noroxin på nätet säkert köpa Entocort seriöst vilka länder kan man köpa Anacin receptfritt att köpa Propranolol köpa Premarin estland behövs recept för Styplon i spanien köpa Lipitor säkert online Dostinex köpa jord beställa blå Eulexin bästa pris Minomycin vart kan man köpa Viramune köpa Sinequan inrikes köpa Calcium Carbonate för kvinnor köpa Sumycin duo köp Lipitor snabb leverans kan man köpa Prograf i frankrike köpa Baclofen tyskland köpa kvinnlig Finax köpa Tetracycline i thailand Prednisolone shampoo köpa köpa Avalide inom sverige Ditropan dosering urinvägsinfektion lagligt köpa Betnovate köpa Lisinopril inom sverige köpa Ophthacare online flashback lagligt att köpa Imdur på nätet beställa Baclofen för kvinnor kan man köpa Gyne-lotrimin i england funkar generisk Minocin lagligt att köpa Zetia kan man köpa Omnicef på apoteket utan recept dödlig dos av Advair beställa Zanaflex england bra ställe att köpa Yougara Cytoxan pulver köpa kan man köpa Exelon på mallorca våga köpa Trimox på nätet generisk Prednisone i sverige köpa Carbozyne flashback 2013 köpa kvinnlig Aspirin Feldene receptfritt pris köpa Isoptin i butik stockholm köpa billig Rocaltrol köpa Lipitor i sverige beställa Saw Palmetto köpa Ophthacare på ica köpa Tadalis i italien pris på Glucophage i turkiet säkert ställe att köpa Coumadin
Home Maury Brown Breaking Down How Salary Arbitration Functions in MLB

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Breaking Down How Salary Arbitration Functions in MLB PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Maury Brown   
Friday, 30 January 2009 17:09

A Biz of Baseball Original ArticleEach year, hundreds of millions of dollars are doled out to players that are part of the salary arbitration process in Major League Baseball. This year, 111 eligible players filed for salary arbitration, and by mid-February all of them will have reached new contracts either through negotiations with their respective clubs, or through rulings by an arbitration panel.

While many have heard of the process, the details aren’t widely published. With arbitration season in MLB in full swing, here’s a breakdown of the process.

History

Many have said that the breaking of the Reserve Clause is the greatest advancement for the players, but Marvin Miller, the former executive director for the MLB Players Association, has said that salary arbitration did more for advancing the salaries and rights of the players.

Before 1973, players were offered a contract by the clubs they played for, and it was a matter of “take it, or leave it.” In an attempt to challenge the Reserve Clause, as well as leverage higher salaries in this system, players began conducting holdouts on contract renewals. The owners, and then commissioner Bowie Kuhn, realizing the wolves were at the door, opted to allow salary arbitration as a way of stopping the holdouts, and rationalized that in the long run, stop free agency. Only Charlie Finley of the A’s and Dick Meyers of the Cardinals voted in opposition of salary arbitration.

“We’ll be the nation’s biggest assholes if we do this,” Finley said at the time. “You can’t win. You’ll have guys with no baseball background setting salaries. You’ll have a system that drives up the average salary every year. Give them anything they want, but don’t give them [salary] arbitration.”

Meyers, who had experience in arbitration, said it more darkly, “This will be baseball’s ruin.” 1

In this new system, players with over 2 years of major league system could file for salary arbitration, if they were not under long-term contract. If the sides could not come to a contract agreement within a period of time, the club would submit a salary figure for the coming season that they felt the player was worth, while the player would do like wise. If the sides could not reach agreement with the figures submitted, the parties could go before arbitors from the National Labor Relations Board and present their case. The arbitors would then rule on one figure or the other. There would be no middle ground.

The system remains much the same, with a panel of three arbitrators ruling on salary cases.

How the Sides Have Fared

As was often the case, Charlie Finley was right. It was not the doom that Meyers predicted, but players almost exclusively come out ahead.

To date, of the 485 cases that have gone to arbitration hearing, the owners have won 280, while the players have won 208. But, the owners haven’t truly won. Of the 110 players that filed for salary arbitration last season, their average salary increased 120 percent from $1.38 million to $3.04 million. Ryan Howard saw his pay jump 1,011 percent from the year prior when he won his case before the arbitration panel going from $900,000 to $10 million.

Understandably, players and their clubs work to reach agreements in advance of hearings. This year (as it has often been in the past) the deals reached have mostly been 1-year agreements with the base salary for the player being below the mid-point between the club offering and player asking figure (to date, only John Maine’s contract is exactly between the Mets’ offering salary and his asking figure while Justin Duchscherer sees a salary $100,000 higher than the mid-point between the A’s and his figures). Still, with 46 players exchanging figures, 13 contracts that have been reached by players and clubs after salary figures were exchanged (Nick Markakis, Zack Greinke, Maicer Izturis, Jason Kubel, Melkey Cabrera, Justin Duchscherer, Geoff Geary, Wandy Rodriguez, Prince Fielder, Chad Durbin, Jayson Werth, John Maine, and Brian Bruney) sees average salary increase from 2008 to 2009 is 257 percent. In total (single year, and multi-year contracts) these 13 alone account for $151,910,000 in salaries.

As the stakes have grown ever higher, the number of cases that have gone all the way to hearing have dropped. In 1973, the first year of salary arbitration in MLB, 29 cases were heard with the owners winning 16 cases, and players winning 13. Since then, the highwater mark has been 1986 when 35 cases were heard (owners won 20 cases to the players 15). As recently as 2005, only 3 cases were heard (all pitchers): Kyle Lohse and the Twins, Jeremy Affeldt and the Royals, Juan Cruz and the Athletics.

A Peek Inside How Salary Hearings Function

The criteria by which salary arbitration cases are presented are part of the CBA, although from talking to a baseball man that has made a living a salary arbitration for nearly every club, while it is outlined in the CBA, most anything is permissible at hearing, it’s just that what is presented can be easily challenged and undermine your case, should the information presented fall far outside the CBA’s criteria.

Player Comparison – The sides are allowed to use other players with like ML service time as a comparison to make their case. The CBA expresses this as “Major League service not exceeding one annual service group above the Player’s annual service group.”

Player Comparison (Look Backs) – While using a player with more ML service time as a comparison in terms of 2009 salary to 2009 salary, the sides can do a “look back”. So, for example, using Albert Pujols’ numbers and salary for 2009 would not be acceptable in Ryan Howard’s case, but using Pujols’ figures when he had the same ML service time that Howard now has is permissible.

Contract Comparison – In nearly every instance, one-year contracts are used in hearing. Multi-year contracts are not used as they have different structures – frontloaded, backloaded, etc. So, using a 2009 salary figure in a mult-year contract creates issues as the single year salary could be influenced by the overall contract structure.

Position Comparison – For practicality purposes, comparing players at like positions are used. Clearly, attempting to compare a middle infielder to a catcher would not hold much weight with the panel. However, instances of comparing corner outfielders has been used.

Does Advanced Sabermetrics Come Into Play? – As Finley crudely noted, the arbitration panels are not “baseball people”. Therefore, advanced metrics are normally not employed in the hearing process. OBP, OPS, and even OPS+ are making their way into cases being presented, but for the most part, the stats that have filled the boxscores for years are the bread and butter in salary cases.

Intangibles – Clearly, the player’s performance on the field is the largest factor in determining whether the club or player figure is selected in a salary arbitration hearing, but it is not the only one, special qualities of leadership and “public appeal” can be used. A good example is last year when Ryan Howard's team was able to use a "special accomplishments" provision that allowed them to compare players outside of Howard's service time window. This, however, is rarely done. The exception appears to be pitchers, where agents have been able to make a case that on the day their player pitched, attendance and television ratings were higher. The most notable case was when Dick Moss represented Fernando Valenzuela citing “Fernandomania”.

Injuries – The sides can use injuries (or the lack of them) at hearing. A player that has been on the DL more often than a comparative player can be used by management to make their case for the lower offering figure by a club.

What is Not Admissible in Hearing? – The following outlines what is not allowed at salary arbitration hearing, as defined by the current CBA:

(i) The financial position of the Player and the Club;

(ii) Press comments, testimonials or similar material bearing on the performance of either the Player or the Club, except that recognized annual Player awards for playing excellence shall not be excluded;

(iii) Offers made by either Player or Club prior to arbitration;

(iv) The cost to the parties of their representatives, attorneys, etc.;

(v) Salaries in other sports or occupations.

Salary Arbitration and How it Influences MLB

As mentioned at the outset, salary arbitration almost exclusively benefits the players. Contract agreements have been reached outside the door of the hearing room just before a case is going to be presented to the arbitration panel. Hundreds of millions of dollars will be doled out to these players, with nearly all of them seeing massive pay increases. As one team executive said when asked what he liked about salary arbitration, “What’s there to like about it?” Ask the players.

1 – Finley and Meyer quotes from Lords of the Realm by John Helyar

UPDATED SALARY ARBITRATION NEWS

As of publication today, two more salary arbitration eligible players reached deals with their clubs.

Starting pitcher John Maine reached a 1-year, $2.6 million deal with the New York Mets. The right-hander can earn an additional $25,000 if he pitches 200 or more innings. Maine pulled in $450,000 last season so his raise from 2008 to his 2009 figure as a first year salary arbitration eligible player is 478 percent. He had been seeking $3 million while the Mets were offering $2.2 million in salary arbitration. His $2.6 million salary for 2009 is at exactly the mid-point between the two figures.

Reliever Brian Bruney and the New York Yankees reached a 1-year, $1.25 million agreement today, thus avoiding arbitration. Bruney had been seeking $1.55 million while the Yankees were offering $1.1 million. His $1.25 million for 2009 is $75,000 below the mid-point for the two figures. This is Bruney’s first year of salary arbitration eligibility. Last season he made $725,000. His raise to $1.25 million is a 72 percent increase from last season.

FOR MORE ON SALARY ARBITRATION:

Salary Arbitration Filings Tracker

Salary Arbitration Figures Tracker

Arbitration Scorecard


Maury BrownMaury Brown is the Founder and President of the Business of Sports Network, which includes The Biz of Baseball, The Biz of Football, The Biz of Basketball and The Biz of Hockey. He is contributor to Baseball Prospectus, and is available as a freelance writer. Brown's full bio is here. He looks forward to your comments via email and can be contacted through the Business of Sports Network.

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