ampicillin for acne side effects ciales primary health care services thyroxine side effects patients tamoxifen and antidepressants 2013tamsulosin euro meds online nolvadex research usa domperidone breastfeeding and weight gain rimonabant acomplia sanofi aventis synthroid substitute order on line where to buy nizoral pills lotemax gel vs drops meth vs viagra cabergoline drug test viagra online spain buy elocon cream uk online sibutramine hydrochloride monohydrate side effects ventolin inhaler salbutamol getpharma pakistan airglipizide peritol dermatitis pictures buy triam 37 5 no prescription nasal bactroban side effects cialis prices costco buy cialis portland oregon vigrx side effects ingredients flagyl forte obat apa fosamax dosage forms fluconazole 100mg drug interactions dove aquistre cialis order viagra with a perscription discover card login mexitil side effects viagra orders buy finasteride online canada cipralex side effects depression cialis over seas flexeril medication generic maxalt mlt 10mg lantus online no prescription ornidazole drug identification viagra using paypal lyrica no prescription over counter viagra alternative want to buy lipitor clopidogrel 75mg tablets images sildenafil generic pills for sale greenline pharmacy canada can u buy misoprostol over the counter cefadroxil 500mg for acne dormidina suicidio robin buy trimix gel malegra pro 100 mg eltroxin side effects tablets for sale buy drugs from canada with paypal lopid medication uses acticin over the counter tylenol side effects liver viagra generic best prices citalopram 20 mg for sale ditropan side effects dose acheter cialis payer avec paypal minoxidil 2 topical solution celebrex no perscription cialis hk vitamin c serum for face xenical weight loss pill costco superstore locations bagomicina online laxadin bisacodyl baristanet kids montclair aleve side effects medication ciplafield eas req status epilepticus buy viagra no rx paypal acquisti viagra john samonas realty order clomid paypal prescription drugs no generic cialis for daily use online without prescription cytotec omeprazole vs esomeprazole side effects mesalamine generic name buy colchicine india mometasone furoate cream usp 0.1 200 mg celebrex side effects risk discount prescription drugs online rogaine foam for women 5 minoxidil cheap zoloft without prescription elocon mometasone furoate ointment periactin non prescription yasminelle side effects premarin 1.25 cheap viagra in tennessee propecia at a lowest priced venlafaxine 75mg er amoxicillin to buy on line voltaren side effects voltaren gel anti inflammatory united pharmacy canada retina a without a rx pilocarpine hydrochloride warfarin and vitamin k treatment reductil diet pills homeopathic viagra alternatives depakote er 500mg cheap cyclidox tablets for kids ciprotab dosage calculations propeciasan francisco propecia direct buying generic viagra dealers in canada viagra makes you bigger cuvarlix capsules 120 mg cymbalta melcam meloxicam 7 5 nexium 40mg esomeprazole dosage xanax side effects symptom pfizer stock to buy haloperidol dosage medomycin uses forzest 20 flagyl 500mg online order diurex max is equal to how much lasix sildenafil citrate 100mg tab for women cialis price drop microzide hydrochlorothiazide 25mg medication buy neurontin overnight search http wellsweep content tabs dynamogen syrup recipe generic priligy reviews garrigue wine nuvigil dosage information estrace coupon discount canadian drug ed bactrim side effects rash adderall medication for adults qsymia online amsa orlistat cheap viagra levitra cialis thalidomide and mechanism of action predisolone online no prescription canadian pharmacy ed pills cabaser reviews on fifty pfizer spiriva coupons or rebates ed drugs nestle cream recipe of mango ref cake pulmicort flexhaler instructions non prescription celbrex no prescription india wellbutrin sr viagra originale certificato periactin online pharmacy lialda medication description latisse coupons discounts clavupen sildenafil side viagra pd by echeck finasteride tablets 5mg where to buy gabapentin online viapro ingredients in marshmallows my boyfriend uses viagra kegunaan dexamethasone phosphate hyzaar blood pressure hydrochlorothiazide 25 clobex lotion 0.05 viagra for premature ejaculation buy clobex spray for psoriasis protonix vs nexium drug buy accutane online uk actos side effects actos warning norstan communications incorporated cheap nursing shoes vistaril dosage chart no perscription amonoxicilin from uk levitra glaxo levitra kaufen in holland duloxetine hcl dr side effects colchicine ordering viagra pour femme en pharmacie sildenafil online viagra and ejaculation alesse side effects weight gain cabergoline and bodybuilding generic viagra cialis package wellbutrin from mexico dalacin antibiotic side effects buy viagra in new zealand trileptal bipolar depression carafate suspension sucralfate xanax overdose symptoms doctor zocor medication simvastatin levaquin side effects levofloxacin kidney prandin side effects repaglinide metformin buy etodolac on line maxolon drug medicationmaxolonemedameds levoxyl recall 2015 gmc cialis brand auf rechnung rocaltrol medication viagra poppers uk wellbutrin xl 150 buy buy mg brand cialis levofloxacin 500 mg drug interactions cenveo message board employee metformin and alcohol side effects diamox side effects ciales live poultry chicago praziquantel dosage for dogs tablets nonpresription tetracycoline abilify medication for children antibiotics to buy new healthy man cialis commercial song canada pharmacy online 24 viagra online kaufen billig quibron t swanson health best rogaine for women reviews pyridium medication and pregnancy valtrex herpes labialis dosage clobex lotion coupon tamsulosin 0.4mg capsules for women tofranil anxiety reviews canadian pharmacies overnight cholesterol levels chart for children crestor online no prescription buspirone dicyclomine 10mg information order original cialis tizanidine hcl zestoretic tabs 10/12.5 imitrex generic sumatriptan succinate zyprexa for anxiety as needed super cialis online homemade cialis recipe cialis in new orleans naproxen sodium tablets propecia side effects pregnancy nexium generic name chlamydia pictures and images dapoxetine 60mg australia olanzapine 5mg for bipolar aciphex 20 mg delayed release betaprofen fc4000 over the counter clomipramine toronto drug store reviews salbutamol ventolin rotacap regenon romania pharmacy peritol dermatitis in dogsperkinil duphaston 10mg indication losartan potassium 25mg in india where can i find good source of viagra octreotide treatment for chylothorax navidoxine in pregnancy bayer levitra 20mg xenical canada phmacy entocort budesonide free viagra uk viagra mfg where to buy azithromycin in canada bactrim ds 800 160 for sinus infection celexa side effects forum onlain igri buy metformin 500 ketazol cream aspen dental locations cheapest place to buy viagra vrdrug forum shops medoflucon 150 lisinopril side effects medication hair loss zinoxime doser generic cialis fedex albendazole buy imigran tablets prospect safe generic viagra uk metoprolol side effects metoprolol succinate yasmin birth control lawsuit kemadrin 5mg diazepam cialis 20mg online kaufen zetia 10 mg tablets lincocin antibiotic injection order setraline without prescription septrin forte clarisonic pro amazon diclofenaco sodico para que sirve cialis generico in farmacia vimax reviews doctor keftab medications buy brand name viagra online canada colchicine without prescription remeron for sleep disorders indian viagra brands achat cialis generique viagra dermani morphine withdrawal symptoms home treatment can you buy viagra walgreens wellbutrin brand name can i order maxalt on line levitra for cholesterol cost of cialis at cvs pharmacy viagra substitute flomax for women for kidney stones cialis lily brand soft tabs dyazide 37.5 25 uses insecticide brand canadian pharmacy 1 zocor side effects muscle zolpidem 10mg image macrobid mexico buy avodart for hair loss online bisoprolol hctz 10 6.25 side effects skelaxin and alcohol consumption vicodin strengths pictures robaxin 500 buy viagra walgreens usa cialis link precursor to melanoma diovan generic name cialis daily use buy propecia in netherlands supradol ketorolac english to spanish translation super v8 viagra diprosone ointment 0.05 buspirone hcl 10mg tab cheepest viagra ca lasuna jewelry stores furosemide 20 mg for dogs where can i buy betamethasone whitney plaza assistd living vistaril dosage for children paracetamol toxicity symptoms novolog 70/30 insulin smoking neurontin dapoxetine fda approval curacne wikipedia english zithromax kopen zonder recept fluconazole 200 mg yeast topical acyclovir and pregnancy samonas listening therapy cheap research chemicals usa omaggio vase gold bupropion sr side effects viagra without prescription canada buy brand viagra from canada viagra brand pfizer mesalamine enema viagra apotheke deutschland xanax side effects and withdrawal super levitra force online pharmacy no prescription mincorp mining bitcoins super force viagra buy viagra online uk paypal ambein in washington online maxifort zimax pills price buylowdrugs canada 411 coumadin blood thinner side effects celexa and alcohol abuse buy clomid 25mg e20 tablet for premature ejactulation viagra money pak buy dutasteride uk digoxin mechanism of action viagra online 3 days shipping doxepin medication usa 20 mg levitra torsemide medication nimesulide and paracetamol tabletsnisoprostolnitrazepam reductil slimming pills pregnant baby bump exelon corp dividend history amikacin sulfate solution duetact 30mg codeine cialis by cipla generic cialis without a prescription bonadoxina pfizer medication refill mobic meloxicam vs celebrex lisinopril hctz 12 5 no persription arcoxia tablets etoricoxib periostat drugs craigslist edinburgh terbutaline contraindications in pregnancy ventolin with viagra discount non prescription viagra propecia without prescriptions hoodia weight loss patch norfloxacin medication antibiotic allidiet pills rollbox player wire doxycap antibiotics for strep order periactine from indian meclizine hydrochloride antivert antihistamine januvie order online mobicox 7 5mg vicodin when is viagra going to be generic amsterdam pharmacy tiajuana access rx viagra can you take kelp with thyroxine canadian pharmacy online drugstore european phamarcy permethrin spray walmart insulin injection sites for cats aprovel 300mg tablets much does viagra cost walgreens lopid 600 mg efectos secundarios whitney place assisted living ladies viagra tablets cialis fara reteta original viagra in karachi bystolic nebivolol 10 mg keftab vs keflex side propranolol side effects medication desyrel medication for sleep atacand rebate coupon canada express pharmacy antabusefrom mexico viagra free belgium what is colcrys side effects buy subutex online singulair side effects copd natija dyal 9wilbat aliviosin dyal gholdor orlistat weight loss stories viagra in algodones mexico propecia sale usa worldwidepharmacystore review viagra with giftcard cymbalta from india fentanyl patch viagra for sale online canada how long do neurontin withdrawal symptoms last lexapro medication information proscar for hair loss forum manfaat obat grathazon sureway transportation co clomid unprescribed sale sotalol side effects in dogs pharmacy rx1 abc drugs canada suprax 200 mg for dogs buying sleeping pills online cenveo williamsburg pa jobs rocket power games fast delivery viagrabest online price zithromax from india xerograx capsulas de cafeyagara evista medication for osteoporosis effexor dosage dose robaxin muscle relaxer in dogs isoptin 40 propecia rx party venlafaxine hcl er 37.5 mg ranbaxy eriacta 100 reviewserythroxescortsesopranesotidesquina donormyl for autism caffeine withdrawal symptoms heart palpitations sibutramine weight loss pills duvadilan drug isoxsuprine carafate side effects reviews price of viagra shipped from usa to usa baytril side effects in birds rimadyl for dogs dosage buy propecia 1 mg online safely buy finastride valium vs xanax drugs lipothin medication for depression best site to buy levitra imitrex injections side effects where to purchase low cost levitra cozaar 50 mg price diclofenaco sodico in english buy cialis in australia cipla ltd indore allegra d side effects allergies diltiazem cd capsule 240 mg pill splitter with viagra template duloxetine dr 30mg finasteride online retail barr pharmaceuticals claravis coupons order armor thyroid mail yasminelle pill low dose tantalum price chart acheter cialis generique 10 penegra tablet bystolic shortages zetia 10 mg ezetimibe any recalls buy authentic adhd meds online software download complete install now install later phenergan dosage side effects cong dung renapril 5mg hydrocodone blycolin groep caenen cialis bestellen ohne rezept anxiety symptoms in kids generic cialis vs cialis 1493 best life rx pharmacy sibutramine 15mg advantage car rentals effexor xr india testosterone cream online pharmacy generic trimix gel viagra for women in bangalore lipitor and diabetes connection mens health cialis generic levitra 40mg 100mg viagra sans prescription quebec erythromycin cost subutex vs suboxone side effects seroquel 25mg for sleep desyrel 50mg yan etkileri reliable distributor for viagra terbinafine and alcohol use discount pain meds overnight salbutamol inhaler 200mcg buy viagra easy online
Home All Articles Inside the Numbers: Ranking the 30 Clubs by Marginal Payroll/Marginal Wins

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 777 guests online

Atom RSS

Inside the Numbers: Ranking the 30 Clubs by Marginal Payroll/Marginal Wins PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 52
Articles & Opinion
Written by Maury Brown   
Friday, 24 October 2008 12:28


Efficiency and effectivity; two words that are the hallmarks of any well run organization. In Major League Baseball, often times, you can win the World Series, and have one but not the other.

In a league where there is a soft salary cap in the form of the competitive balance tax, or as it is more commonly known, the Luxury Tax, clubs that have deep pockets to work from can spend far more on player payroll than the majority of the other 30 clubs in the league. As an example, the New York Yankees had an Opening Day payroll that was almost as much as the player payroll for the bottom six teams by player payroll combined (Nationals, Pirates, Athletics, Rays, and Marlins).

But, as we saw this year, all that money could not get the Yankees’ foot in the door of the playoffs. As the old adage goes, it’s not how much money you spend, it’s how well you spend it.

With that, we can look at how much a team spends per win – a bang-for-the-buck metric called Marginal Payroll/Marginal Wins.

The formula works like this.

As a baseline, we’ll create a fictitious marginal team. Even the worst teams made up of near minor league players would not lose every game. So, we’ll say that a truly mediocre team would win only 30 percent of their games. For salary, we’ll set every players at the league minimum, which for 2008 was $390,000 . And finally, we’ll make the roster 25, plus 3 replacement players to allow for the DL..

By having this baseline team, we can use the winning percentage for each team in MLB for 2008 at the end of the season, along with their Opening Day payroll to determine what their marginal payroll would be and how much it costs a club per marginal win. We'll use Opening Day payroll instead of end of year payroll as a measurement of the intent of the club's spending as the season started. The formula, created by the late Doug Pappas, looks as follows:

(club payroll - (28 x major league minimum) / ((winning percentage - .300) x 162)

So, the lower the figures derived out of this formula, the better. In other words, if your cost per marginal win is lower, you are spending less per win – you’re efficient.

But remember, being efficient isn’t always being effective. As an example, Oakland spent $1,387,533 per marginal win this season based upon the third lowest Opening Day payroll of $47,967,126. The problem is, the A’s were second to last in the AL West with a 75-86 record. It didn’t cost the A’s much per win, but then again, they didn’t win enough games to make the playoffs.

On the other hand, you can be effective but inefficient. The Dodgers spent $3,040,001 per MW and won the NL West, but they spent nearly twice as much per win as the Diamondbacks ($1,655,171 per MW), who just missed the playoffs.

And, then there is the ultimate yin and yang of this formula: those teams that spent little per marginal win, but still won enough games to reach the playoffs, and those that spent a truckload of cash on player payroll only to sit at the bottom the standings.

Select Read More to see the rest of this article

Select to view PDF

As we present analysis around the figures for this past season, we encourage you to view the PDF file we have provided breaking down all 30 clubs by this “bang for the buck” metric (select the image to view).

Spending by the Truckload, and Losing Anyway

Of the four categories your team could land in, this is the one you’d least like to be in. It’s never easy having a large player payroll, but it’s beyond painful to spend money, only to flush it down the drain.

The unfortunate leader in this category for 2008 was the Seattle Mariners who had Opening Day player payroll of $117,993,982 but wound up losing 101 games or 39 games out of first place. For every one of the scant 61 wins the Mariners had, it cost them a staggering $8,634,999 per marginal win. It will be interesting to see how much salary the M’s shed in the off-season under new general manager Jack Zduriencik.

The other clubs that spent wildly but finished poorly include the Detroit Tigers (74-88, ODP of $138,685,197, cost per MW $5,030,126) and the San Diego Padres (63-99, ODP of $73,677,617, cost per MW $4,358,168) And while they didn’t finish in the cellar, we’d be remiss if didn’t mention the Yankees. With MLB’s largest player payroll at $209,081,579 and spent $4,904,990 per marginal win. The Bronx Bombers went 89-73 and missed the playoffs for the first time since 1995.

We should mention the New York Mets, who for the second season in a row, missed the playoffs on the last day of the season while posting an Opening Day payroll of $138,293,378, went 89-73 and posted $3,152,806 per marginal win, and the Washington Nationals, who had a reasonable Opening Day payroll of $54,961,000 but posted the worst record in the league at 59-102. Put them together, and the Nationals had a cost per marginal win of $4,115,981.

Spending, but Getting to the Playoffs

Call this the “burning money but we don’t care because we made the playoffs” category. These teams may not be efficient, but at least when they spent they can say that it garnered results.

At the top of this list sits the Los Angeles Dodgers who went 84-78 and won the NL West. The club posted $118,536,038 on Opening Day player payroll or $3,040,001 per marginal win. To place this in perspective, the Dodgers spent almost twice as much per win as the second place Diamondbacks who had a skinny $1,655,171 per MW.

Other notables in this category include the Chicago White Sox (89-74, ODP $121,152,667, cost per MW $2,748,944), Chicago Cubs (97-70, ODP $118,595,833, cost per MW $2,211,003) Boston Red Sox (95-67, $133,440,037 ODP, cost per MW $2,640,518), and the Angels (100-62, ODP $119,216,333, cost per MW $2,106,933).

Being Efficient, but Not Making the Grade

These were the teams that knew well enough not to spend every cent they had, but had to have done so knowing they had little to no chance making the playoffs when the season began, or in some cases, overachieved and wound up on the edge of making the playoffs.

The Florida Marlins are the best example, and with this year's figures, maybe ever. Owner Jeffery Loria snubbed his nose at the revenue sharing system, and rolled out a team with by far the lowest payroll in MLB at $21,836,500. To place this in perspective, the Rays had the second lowest Opening Day player payroll in the league at $43,820,598, over twice what the Marlins opened the year with. Still, in a weak NL East, the Marlins very nearly made the playoffs posting an 84-77 record, or a staggering $305,784 cost per marginal win. Just imagine if Loria had spent at a remotely respectable level of player payroll. Would there have been both South Florida teams in the playoffs?

Other examples include the Pirates (67-59, ODP $49,365,283, cost per MW $2,089,418), Kansas City (75-87, ODP $58,245,500, cost per MW $1,792,633, and Cincinnati (74-88, ODP $74,277,695, cost per MW $2,494,397).

Your Efficiency and Effectivity Winner

Here’s where you want to be. You spent wisely and went deep into the playoffs. And while everyone may look at the Tampa Bay Rays’ figures (they are hands down the winner in this category), we need to add a bit of a footnote.

Yes, the Rays had the second lowest Opening Day payroll in the league at the aforementioned $43,820,598, won the AL East with a 97-65 record, which comes to an incredible $679,764 per marginal win. The footnote? The roster is almost entirely the creation of draft picks meaning the club has offered this incredible collection of talent a fraction of what they will be worth when they hit arbitration eligibility and free agency. None the less, it is an incredible feat that the Rays have pulled off this year. To place this in perspective, with the exception of the Brewers at $1,692,854 per marginal win, no team that made the playoffs spent less than $2 million per marginal win. The only team that came close to matching Rays and Brewers were the Twins who just missed winning the AL Central with an 88-75 record, $62,182,767 ODP, which translates to $1,311,068 per marginal win.


This season wound up being a wonderment on a number of levels. Who would have thought that predictive contenders in the Tigers and Mariners would end the season so horribly? Who in their wildest dreams would have expected to see the Rays in the World Series, or the Twins and the Marlins post respectable records?

It seems that there is a new world order in MLB these days. Some have contended, and it's looking more truthful by the day, that the drug testing policy has changed how GMs build their teams. Veteran free agents, that at one point were viewed as effective well past their prime, have been passed over in favor of developing talent internally.

With that change, young talent is in again. That bodes well for those clubs that have stunk up the standings in the past (that would be you, Tampa Bay) and are now parlaying good draft picks into the core of their teams. Low revenue-making clubs are also seeing the value of wrapping up this young talent by way of long-term contracts. Players such as Evan Longoria and Troy Tulowitzki have signed contracts that will keep them with their respective teams through their arbitration eligibility years and early free agency.

As the numbers show, it is now possible for teams with low payrolls to have a successful regular- and post-season. As reported earlier this week, the challenge is for these teams once deemed to be nothing more than doormats of the league to contend over multiple seasons. That is the challenge of the low- to mid-revenue making clubs going forward.

Maury Brown

Maury Brown is the Founder and President of the Business of Sports Network, which includes The Biz of Baseball, The Biz of Football, The Biz of Basketball and The Biz of Hockey. He is contributor to Baseball Prospectus, and is available as a freelance writer.

Brown's full bio is here. He looks forward to your comments via email and can be contacted through the Business of Sports Network.

Don't forget to register and log in on The Biz of Baseball site to get updates via your in-box, and see information only logged in members can see.



Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?