whats a good credit card to build credit credit card fraud for dummies full best no fee credit card canada best store credit cards with bad credit ann taylor loft credit card login tesco credit card ppi claims car finance bad credit bristol discover student credit card offers store reward cards app for iphone what is the best visa card to have wells fargo value city credit card payment payday loans bad credit prepaid card apply for barclays credit card us no credit credit card offers sears gold master credit card sbi credit card customer care number for bangalore compare reward credit cards canada citibank credit limit increase payday loan lenders direct bad credit fake credit card numbers rbc visa low interest credit card tesco credit card 0 transfer zero interest credit cards 24 months best usaa credit card 2012 best cash rewards credit card for average credit bp gas credit card application how to get away with online credit card fraud which credit card should i get to build credit apply for a credit card with no credit with no annual fee travel credit cards for students sears credit card services customer service cara bayar credit card bank mega free credit card numbers generator barclay credit card login uk post bankruptcy credit cards uk best credit card deals 0 on purchases best bad credit credit cards unsecured get credit card for bad credit rating pay jcpenney credit card in store ace cash advance bakersfield secured major credit cards city bank credit card application tracking india prepaid credit card with no foreign transaction fees hdfc bank credit card bill payment citibank balance transfer rate anz platinum card indonesia canada credit card debt relief program mba credit card processing credit cards deals for balance transfers walmart credit card login app travel rewards cards bank of america bank of america credit card offers for balance transfers credit card machine rental prices credit card fraud punishment uk hdfc platinum credit card limits need a loan with bad credit and no checking account usaa visa credit card login bank of america lowering credit card interest rates same day payday loans online direct lenders biggest credit card companies in the world best credit card consolidation loan companies hsbc gold credit card limit instant virtual credit cards capital one secured credit card review uk mastercard gift card credit card balance transfer calculator compare 0 interest credit cards halifax american express corporate credit card credit check apply for credit card with airmiles prepaid credit cards with travel rewards 3 biggest credit card companies cibc mastercard credit card login visa signature credit cards in india electronic stores that offer credit cards accept credit cards on iphone international real credit card numbers that work 2013 visa payday loans online no credit check instant approval south africa citi vs discover student credit card credit card history in india what is a good first credit card limit best unsecured credit cards to rebuild credit best credit cards for cash rewards 2012 debit credit card machines costco valid credit card number and cvv best travel rewards credit cards canada 2011 master credit card offers sign up for a credit card credit cards in the philippines online application td rebate rewards visa card login average credit card debt uk 2011 o2 prepaid credit card uk e gift visa card zero percent interest credit cards for 12 months credit card applications canada instant approval capital one credit card app for android unsecured credit cards bad credit guaranteed approval credit card interest rates uk pc credit card balance transfer barclay credit card phone number bad credit payday loan lenders fake credit card number security code and expiration date credit card reviews australia how do i apply for a best buy credit card online sign up for credit card with no credit sign up for a free prepaid credit card hdfc platinum credit card customer care best air miles reward credit card canada unsecured credit cards bad credit no processing fee credit card consolidation loans canada how to get real working credit card numbers bank of america credit card payment zip code credit card online application form first millenium credit card uk sears credit cards online bill pay set up credit card payment processing unsecured credit cards for bad credit chase first premier bank secured credit card reviews bridging loan online quote credit cards for bad credit instant approval australia chase credit cards apply online secure sleeve credit card protector cash back credit cards canada 2012 bmo mastercard canada government travel credit card application form long term online loans public savings open sky secured visa credit card credit cards online instant decision visa low credit credit cards capital one secured credit card to rebuild credit get a credit card today ireland cash loans online no credit check australia air miles credit cards how can i pay my firestone credit card online list of online payday lenders online credit card processing fees comparison cash reward credit card comparison what is the best credit card for college students streamline credit card machine rolls buy visa gift card online instant quickbooks online processing credit cards maybank credit card travel promotion best disney credit card offer staples credit card business login new payday lenders 2013 how do i apply for a walmart credit card online in canada disney chase credit card application status authorize.net credit card logos new payday loan lenders uk 2013 how to pay your credit card bill online cibc sbi visa card wiki chase credit card cash advance atm credit card processing machines for cell phones apply for a mastercard debit bank unsecured loans with bad credit interest free period credit cards explained goodyear credit card online payment where to get prepaid visa cards lowest credit card rates in the philippines prepaid virtual credit card us free credit card machines for small business uk best business credit cards 2013 no annual fee check walmart credit card application status online cancel commonwealth bank credit card insurance zero percent interest credit cards no balance transfer fee pay sbi credit card bill online icici bank credit card protection against faulty goods usa payday cash advance what to look for when choosing a credit card interest free credit cards balance transfer delta skymiles? credit card companion ticket bajaj finserv lending standard chartered credit card status types of axis bank credit cards best cash back visa canada cash advance loans no credit check unemployed hotel reward credit card reviews can get secured credit card bad credit merchantware mobile credit card terminal credit card fraud detection ppt free download aqua credit card instant decision best credit card transfer deals australia want to apply for sbi credit card online using credit cards abroad prepaid credit cards canada bankruptcy cash advance online gpa reviews which credit card can i get approved for walmart mastercard login credit card fraud detection project in asp.net post office credit card payment line best credit card for rewards uk do american express prepaid cards build credit unsecured credit cards for poor credit score pay national city credit card credit card numbers that work online 2013 visa instant virtual credit card terminal best credit cards for students best credit cards for low income earners online bad credit loans instant decision citibank credit cards offers in india santander 123 credit card cash back list visa reward cards no annual fee credit card terminal rolls cash back credit card comparison uk is there a southwest credit card with no annual fee best interest free credit cards balance transfer walmart credit card account visa cards with no annual fee virgin credit cards contact capital one credit card app for ipad credit card comparison chart business credit card bank of america no fee td visa cards walmart credit card visa real visa credit card information credit card balance transfer rates nz no interest credit card balance transfer no fee uob credit card travel promotion travel credit card comparison chart gas rewards credit card offers unionbank visa secured credit card instant online cash loans sample credit card number in india natwest black credit card american airlines credit card points guy credit cards bad credit instant approval no deposit unsecured best payday loan lender uk free credit card report without credit card 0 percent credit cards for bad credit i need a credit card with low interest rate best cashback credit cards usa air miles credit card comparison uk best credit card bad credit unsecured paypal credit card transfer fee sbi credit card apply online in delhi guaranteed cash loans now buy visa debit cards online payday cash advance loans maryland swipe credit card terminal fees canada credit card comparison 2012 where to buy prepaid visa cards in singapore 02 prepaid credit cards uk student credit card commonwealth bank australia online credit card balance checker hsbc credit card online payment billdesk credit score check home depot credit card application for business td canada trust pay as you go credit card hdfc credit card domestic flight offer 2013 credit card student australia best online payday loans reviews how to open up a door with a credit card what is a credit card number sample what does it mean if a credit card is secured hdfc credit card 5 cash back are credit card balance transfers a good idea online loan lenders philippines royal bank of canada credit card fees target credit card applications online what is the best credit card to build credit history prepaid gift credit cards australia credit card information not valid psn marriott rewards credit cards in uk does walmart accept international credit cards credit card reviews 2013 canada belk credit card application no fax payday loans online instant approval capital 1 credit card application dbs visa credit card exchange rate best credit card to get uk martin lewis credit cards deals compare balance transfer credit cards singapore instant approval credit card for poor credit suze orman new credit card rules best flight rewards credit card australia free credit card generator and validator compare credit cards rewards singapore apply for credit card with bad credit and no checking account american express air miles credit card application hsbc credit card balance transfer philippines who has the best cash back credit card most popular credit cards in australia lloyds tsb credit card customer services guaranteed credit card approval no deposit credit card cash back deal how to apply visa credit card in the philippines barclaycard freedom rewards credit card review credit card fraud detection easy fast cash loans rooms to go credit card pay online ge vanilla mastercard amazon credit card online payment system bpi credit cards application status credit card with no annual fee and low interest rate in india aqua credit card uk login credit card report example credit card account number citibank costco credit card processing rates 0 apr credit cards for 12 months compare air miles credit cards canada best credit card promotions 2011 keyring rewards cards app bank of america small business credit card status best credit card promotions september 2013 hdfc bank credit card helpline number bangalore paypal vs credit card rates difference between secured and unsecured credit cards credit card charges low rate credit card australia hsbc usa credit card business small online loans in sa ipad credit card app best idbi credit card apply online in delhi credit cards for business start up icici instant titanium credit card benefits credit card payment comparison calculator canada credit card processing fees payday loan lenders only no teletrack va home loan with bad credit hdfc online credit card payment india chase british airways credit card customer service transfer balance credit cards canada best credit cards for bad credit unsecured business credit card offers balance transfer sears hsbc mastercard credit card unsecured bad credit loans auckland cash advance loans no credit check australia tesco credit card online my account hdfc credit card compare american express costco credit card sign in best credit card consolidation 2012 icici credit card offers on movie tickets nordstrom visa credit card review instant bad credit loans approval lowest apr credit card 2013 travel credit card comparison calculator rbc visa debit card canada credit card with cashback on all purchases mastercard securecode uk sbi credit card online payment link tesco finance credit card contact number best australian credit card rates does dmv accept credit cards ny virgin credit card offers for existing customers best rewards credit card 2013 australia track citibank credit card application status credit card payment protection insurance compensation credit card payoff calculator excel spreadsheet uk visa application original green card credit card number checker chase disney rewards credit card login what;s the best credit card company best credit cards 2012 bank of america icici platinum credit card charges credit card debt relief company reviews capital one credit card no annual fee reviews on citi student credit cards how to get a portable credit card machines credit card payment how to make cash advance in bpi credit card when will aib issue visa debit cards best buy credit card login payment tesco credit card balance transfer deals best credit card deals australia 2013 how to review apple id without credit card 2013 square credit card business model ?1000 12 month loan bad credit credit card instant approval and use wizard clear advantage mastercard credit card credit card after bankruptcy discharge canada free credit card no credit check best airmiles credit card canada 2011 find the best credit card for me canada sbi visa classic debit card 2013 best credit card processing with merchant accounts standard chartered credit card online application status interest free credit cards hsbc walmart credit card credit check home loans with bad credit history hdfc credit card application status tracking online chase visa rewards card benefits how to get credit card with no credit check discovery platinum credit card benefits credit cards canada 2013 installment loans online direct lenders apply target visa credit card hdfc credit card help desk southwest business credit card 50 000 capital one credit card uk review online application for credit card bpi intuit credit card processing complaints travel credit cards canada review best uk credit card to use in australia apply credit card online hdfc bank best prepaid visa credit card hdfc credit card instant bill payment visa prepaid credit card south africa business credit cards with cashback opening and closing credit cards bad for credit visa rewards card points best credit card with 0 percent interest how to apply for a credit card at target ryanair credit card fees 2012 international credit card fraudsters square slices credit-card processing fees student no credit credit card cannot pay paypal credit card best buy reward credit card security credit card wallet philippines low credit credit cards credit card for no credit student hsbc credit card promotions sri lanka instant online cash advance loan bmo us dollar credit card air miles capital one prepaid credit cards pre approved credit card offers opt out bank of america credit card international fees consolidate credit card debt chase how to apply for apple id without credit card international credit card fees class action natwest student credit card contact number best australian credit card to use in usa canadian tire credit card online application sears credit card services pay bill best corporate credit card canada can i get a walmart credit card after bankruptcy online payday loan same day cash list of free valid credit card numbers how to use jquery credit card validator apply dbs debit visa card virgin credit cards ppi ge money walmart credit card contact number portable credit card machine for taxi instant credit cards discover credit card payment protection visa platinum card car rental insurance pay best buy rewards credit card online cibc canada credit card login hdfc online application for credit card business credit card reward comparison visa credit card bank of america best credit card for no credit icici platinum credit card details chase credit card transfer fee how often can you apply for chase credit cards us bank credit cards reviews credit card travel rewards best credit card transfer balance offers 0 interest premium credit cards usa citibank credit card online canada credit card selector credit report experian hdfc credit cards customer care number hyderabad easy approval credit cards tata sbi credit card customer care number barclays credit card lost cards credit cards after bankruptcy 2013 va loan with bad credit score nedbank american express gold credit card bank of america credit card business sale unsecured business credit card bad credit american express rewards credit card uk hsbc malaysia balance transfer credit card bad credit credit cards instant approval canada how to get a 30000 credit card limit credit union credit card consolidation loan getting a credit card with bad credit rating hdfc credit card payment through other debit card credit card limit american aadvantage credit card promotion capitec personal loan online application pay best buy credit card online credit card canada review who has the best rewards credit card for travel 0 percent credit card balance transfer credit cards no credit check canada premium credit cards should you pay off high interest credit cards first what credit score do i need for a toys r us credit card bad credit car leasing toronto instant payday loans online direct lenders college students and credit cards statistics visa canada credit card exchange rate jcpenney credit card payment options bank of america credit cards for fair credit $10000 unsecured bad credit loan get prepaid visa card number online interest free balance transfer credit card offers payday cash advance online lenders instant cash advance loans online which credit card has the best rewards apply for student credit card with bad credit apply for ge money bank credit cards credit card compare singapore orchard bank credit card address payments citibank credit card uk what happens to my credit score if i cancel a credit card capital one credit card first statement nhs discounts black card toys r us credit card ge wells fargo secured credit card city national bank platinum credit card
Home Biz of Baseball - Interviews Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 663 guests online

Atom RSS

Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 12
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 18 July 2004 12:00

Marvin MillerStarting in 1965 with his election to the MLB Players Association, Marvin Miller changed the face of MLB forever by turning a loosely knit players association into one of, if not the, strongest Unions in the Nation.

In this interview, Miller talks of issues such as privacy rights and the BALCO case, the player pension plan, the 2002 CBA, and much more.

When the book on SABR is written, it will never be said that its member base doesn’t have its priorities straight. I say this since the topic: “Who would be on baseball’s Mt. Rushmore?” made the rounds via email this year within my regional chapter. George Washington? Thomas Jefferson? Nah, let’s get serious and talk baseball.

It made for light and interesting discussions. Rickey was mentioned by most. Hulbert by some. Landis, by others. But, Marvin Miller was on every list. There was no question about his place in history.

A few days later, I was looking into the Introduction of Miller’s book, “A Whole Different Ballgame” which Bill James had penned. It seems that we were not alone in this assessment:

“If ever baseball buys itself a mountain and starts carving faces in it, one of the first men to go up is sure to be Marvin Miller.”

So there it is.

Marvin Miller may be the biggest lightning rod the game has ever seen. The creation of the Players Union initiated something of a war with MLB that borders on Jihad. MLB management loathes him. To the rank-and-file players at the time, he must have been seen as something just short of God.

At the time of his arrival, and the eventual breaking of the Reserve Clause, he was viewed by many as a harbinger of the “end of baseball as we knew it.” Surely, the maverick Players Union would destroy Major League Baseball. He elevated the pay of players, created the free agency system in place today, and helped provide benefits, such as a solid pension plan, that allows players to do more than simply survive after retirement. The changes, however, altered the public perception. Players no longer were part of a city – part of the family or “one of the guys.” Now, the players were “out of touch with the common man” and “looking out to make a buck.”

Instead of baseball’s demise, baseball grew exponentially, and both sides amassed untold wealth. Distrust flourished. The Players Union, in concert with management, set into motion repeated strikes and lockouts. Fans venomously cursed both sides. “The million dollar players should be happy to be involved in a game children play. And, the multi-million dollar owners should quit crying poverty and be happy they’re as rich as they are,” were constant themes.

For better or worse, baseball has been forever changed since the MLBPA was recognized in 1966. There is no turning back, although I think the owners would like nothing better.

In framing this interview, I knew that a man with the impact of Miller had already been questioned in great detail. So, this interview focuses more on the present than the past. He is still a man of great conviction. The printed word here will fail to convey the nuances and inflections when the topics of Constitutional rights and the BALCO Trail were raised. Or, how he slowly and purposefully reminded me that the Press never has fully understood what the Union can, and cannot, do for the former players not covered by the pension plan.

What’s ironic is that the chance for Miller to be immortalized in stone is probably better than his induction into the Hall of Fame. But all that aside, never let it be said that he isn’t one of, if not the, greatest men that has impacted professional baseball. - Maury Brown

BizBall: When you were elected head of the MLBPA in 1966, the players were portrayed by some as being nothing more than indentured servants of management. You organized and galvanized the loose knit players’ association into the force that it is today. It seems since that time that the pendulum has been moving in the Union’s favor since. Is that still the case, or was the outcome of the 2002 CBA a step back for the MLBPA?

Miller: It is difficult to have a valid opinion when you are not part of the negotiations. You are forced to make a judgment from the outside just looking at the contract itself and the various positions. What you don’t know is--what I don’t know at least is what were the factors that deem themselves important to consider in taking was now perceived to be taking backward steps.

I am not ducking the question, but I really don’t know the answer to it. Let me explain by first saying, looking at the contract itself I would have to conclude along with others that those were backward steps. But then I force myself to look at a little below the picture, and one that is kind of startling when you think about it, that is that I think the present leadership of the players’ Union has had to contend with something that I never did, and that is they have had to contend with a membership consisting of not one single player who ever had any baseball life prior to the Union. Not one player is able to fully evaluate what the Union has meant to players as a group, and that is a very tough problem to contend with. I think it has to temper any judgment about steps backward.

BizBall: Do you feel that the public’s appetite for MLB would have been severely diminished if a lockout or strike would have occurred in 2002?

Miller: I think temporarily, but I am not one of those who ever believed the propaganda of labor disputes would be the cause of a permanent loss of fans. It never has been and I doubt it ever will.

BizBall: Is the public’s concern something that comes to the negotiating table, or is the overriding concern of a representative of his or her labor Union to get as much for their respective constituency as possible?

Miller: I think you have to bring it down to the cases. For example, in all of those years when I was with the Steel Workers Union, there probably was not a single dispute that wasn’t settled in the White House, and the reason, of course, was that a nationwide steel dispute heavily impinged on the nation’s economy.

When steel went down in those days, pretty soon so did automobiles and so did residence and building construction and onward, and you were dealing with widespread increasing unemployment. So, it was both a public issue and a government issue. In that kind of situation, public opinion is
MLBPAextremely important because sooner or later, after it ends up or gets to the White House, pretty soon the Congress is there, and that becomes a serious matter.

I have never had that kind of a feeling in baseball even though, if you were to judge by the amount of ink that the media spent on it, you would assume it was a matter of great public concern. But, when you examined it, it really wasn’t. My concern in those days was not the public relations aspect in the same sense that a steel public relations reaction in steel was. My concern in those days was that if this gets loud enough, the players will be affected and that’s all. Because I never considered it rising to the level of a national emergency dispute like the mega-steel dispute and nor would I consider that the so called public relations damage would be more than fleeting and small.

BizBall: In 2002 there was considerable talk of a Worldwide Amateur draft taking place. Since that time the issue seems to have been swept under the carpet. What is your take on the concept of the worldwide draft?

Miller: You mean to remove the exemptions if there have been?

BizBall: Yes.

Miller: I don’t know. I haven’t thought about it a lot except for the extent that I have never approved of the idea of a private industry having the right to draft anybody. At no time, for no reason. To me a draft has to do with a governmental function in the time of emergency.

BizBall: Also in 2002 the main topic of conversation was the elimination of teams via contraction by the League. There is verbiage within the last CBA that opens the topic back up, at least in principle, for 2006. Was contraction a straw man in the last CBA and do you feel it will be an issue in the next CBA with the current Union?

Miller: I think first that it was a straw man. I think it was a kind of double-barreled power ploy. It was a ploy in a sense that they were trying to scare the Union that it was going to have a loss of  membership and I think it was a ploy and the usual communities who might balk at public financing of baseball stadiums.

In that sense, it was a clever ploy but not really an effective one.

BizBall: The Expos were a part of the contraction scenario in the last CBA. Since then they have become vagabonds of the League with "home" games being played in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Stuck in the middle have been the players. Did you feel the Players Union represented the Expos players properly on this matter?

Miller: No. I am not sure they were treated right at all.

BizBall: Did the League create this monster of a situation by expanding too fast in the early ‘90s?

Miller: I don’t know about that connection, but I do not think that you can view the expansion as being too much or too little, except in relation to the demand for them. In other words, if you look at the economics of it, with each expansion they raised the entry level price and yet had eager buyers literally standing in line, holding their hats in hand, hoping their bids for a new franchise would be rewarded.

Given that kind of economics and given the fact that the demand was always there and at an increasing price, it’s hard to say if expansion was too rapid – too rapid for what? How do you measure these things except the fact that when they offer the opportunity for expansion, eager applicants came forward, even with tremendously rising price of buying a new franchise?

BizBall: Do you think that it’s possible that expansion was done simply to offset the damages incurred when it was ruled that there was collusion within the League to keep player salaries down? Over the past few seasons, there has been a dramatic decline in the rate in which player salaries have risen. Collusion is being discussed by the MLBPA, and to that end, the Union has requested that Agents keep notes on contract negotiations. Management points to the overall national economy, which has been in decline, as the driving factor. What are your views on the matter?

Miller: I think management’s argument that the general economy ought to be looked at as a factor is probably very weak when you consider past recessions and the rise of baseball salaries. The salaries continue to rise--no matter what the factor of the national economy was--for the simple reason that they had been underpriced for so long that a lot of steam had built up and salaries have kept going no mater what the general economy was. And I would expect that, over time, there might be some leveling off, but without being able to demonstrate it if you want my feeling, my feeling is that collusion was playing a part in the last year or two.

BizBall: On the issue of steroids, and more specifically the BALCO case. Recently there was news that the names of some of the players associated with testing samples were seized by the IRS as part of the Grand Jury investigation. Do you feel that steroid testing, as a whole, is an encroachment of privacy rights for the players?

Miller: Well, I do, but I think the more serious issue really is the attempt by the government through the Justice Department through pressure from the President through continuing pressure by Senator McCain; I think this gets beyond the privacy question. This gets to be one which, when you put it together with the fact that the records that they were trying to seize were testing  records made by the parties who had agreed that it would be a confidential, anonymous test as a first step in developing a testing program. I think the government’s attempt to infringe on that is outrageous. I think what you are dealing with, once the government steps in with that, what you’re dealing with is a violation of the constitutional rights of people. By that I mean it’s one thing if an employer makes it a labor-management issue. It’s quite another when the government says, "I now will subpoena records of confidential tests and I will use the material," which, after all is tantamount to saying, "I will require self-incrimination and I may send some of you to jail." I think the sports media, like so much of the other media, is just asleep on this issue.

BizBall: Do you have any regrets over the years that the vested parties of the MLBPA pension plan did not include more of the population of former ballplayers; i.e. Pete Coscarart et al?

Miller: Well, again the media is terribly at fault in this. The fact is that the player’s Union all through the years, starting with when it became a legitimate Union in 1966, in every single pension negotiation has dealt with former players already retired in a far more generous manner than any other employees in the United States. That is, in negotiation after negotiation, the player’s Union treated former players, who as long as they had even one day of service ten years before those negotiations--then later one day of service in any of the 15 years prior to those negotiations--it treated such employees as if they were still active. No other pension plan in the United States has ever done that, ever!

Now when you get to
, that’s different. That’s the group of players who never were part of the benefit plan. They were not members. And, they were not members, many of them,Pete Coscarart because the players of that period when the pension plan first went into existence in 1947, perhaps because they were dealing with an inadequate amount of money to make a decent pension plan, agreed to the owners’ proposal that anybody who was not on a major league roster on the last day of the 1946 season or the first day of the 1947 season, no matter how many years of major league service he had, would not be a member of the plan.

Now think about it. That meant that somebody with say ten or twenty years of service who had been released before the last day of the 1946 season was treated as if he had never been in the major leagues. This was done by the players before there was any organization. This was done by their fellow players. Now, I’m not saying that because that happened nothing should be done--far from it. I am saying that the people who have written about this are mighty careless in blaming the Union, which didn’t even exist then. But more than that, they don’t seem to understand two things. Number one is that players well, what the most important point is that the Union under law, is not the representative of a former employee. I don’t know if you know that. Two Supreme Court decisions state that an employer is not even required to negotiate with the Union with regard to a former employee. That’s true whether it is baseball or steel or anything. A former employee is not a member of the bargaining unit so an employer is free to say, "Not only won’t I do anything I won’t even talk to you about it." And if the Union were to strike on that issue the Union would be liable for all damages occurring to the employee’s business. That’s the first thing.

The second thing is, the writers who write about this, who are careless about this in my opinion, is that it’s not even clear that a Union would have the legal right to now negotiate inclusion into a pension plan of people who it didn’t represent, and who had never been covered; because the assets in that plan belong to the members of the plan under law. They do not belong to people who were never members of the plan and you have a very serious question of law involved. I don’t know the answer to it, but it is no simple matter.

But, I come back to my original point. This notion that people who were never members of the plan that the Union becomes the one obliged to do something, or the players -- the current players -- that just doesn’t hold water. The employer, if anybody, is responsible for the pensionless status of its former employees not the current employees. The employer is responsible.

I once asked a writer of the New York Times who was writing a lot of blather about this, whether he thought that he and his fellow Times’ reporters were liable for the pensionless status of former writers of the Times at a time when there was no pension plan.

BizBall: What was his reaction?

Miller: He said, "Well, no." (laughs) So why are the present players obligated?

BizBall: As a former Union head, what was your take on the MLUA and Ritchie Phillips’ ill-fated strategy of having the Umpires resign en masse?

Miller: (Laughing) I think the foolishness of it has been demonstrated.

BizBall: Are you surprised it took as long as it did for teams to resort to the strategy of non-tendering large numbers of players who wouldn't otherwise be eligible for free agency?

Miller: I’m more surprised that the Union has not stepped in to prevent it.

BizBall: From an MLBPA perspective, would it be good to have big-market teams fund incentives for small-market teams to field more competitive teams, as opposed to current revenue sharing which arguably doesn’t encourage small-market teams?

Miller: It’s hard to say. Revenue sharing may well have a part to play in terms of competitive balance. I’m not convinced that it does; other people disagree. I think, for example, even prior to  this agreement, involving both revenue sharing and so called luxury tax, I think the competitive balance among all the teams in baseball is probably better than it was when I was a young fan. When I was a young fan, I think it’s eminently provable that there’s far more balance now than when the Yankees would win fourteen pennants in sixteen years and when taken together, the Yankees and the St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Giants would win everything almost every year. So, I’m not sure revenue sharing is a constructive thing at all.

BizBall: There has been considerable concern in Wisconsin about how Miller Park was funded, with a considerable portion of that coming from the public. Milwaukee has since then set team payrolls so low it has created poor-quality product on the field. A salary floor might possibly prevent some of these problems. Is a topic of a salary floor a step toward creation of a salary cap?

Miller: Not necessarily. I mean, there’s always been a salary floor ever since the Union negotiated minimum salaries. I don’t think that having a floor necessarily means you have to have a cap. We have a minimum wage in this country, but we don’t have a maximum wage.

BizBall: How do you view your role in the history of the game? Given the history between management and the MLBPA do you think you’ll get the votes to be in the Baseball Hall of Fame?

Miller: (chuckles) No. I think the votes were never there. I found it interesting. But [it was] kind of uninformed when so many people said just because they changed the method of voting for non-players from the old veterans committee to all of the living members of the Hall of Fame that that necessarily meant I would be eligible. (chuckles) I never agreed with that. I think it left out an awful lot of factors.

One of the reasons I didn’t agree with all of this, is that I think anybody who has ever been a Union leader has to have gained some skill at being able to predict votes in advance. I think that what’s disastrous for a labor leader is to not have that skill.

For example, to call for a strike vote and have the membership turn it down. That’s the end of credibility. Or for a Union leader to go into difficult negotiations, reach a settlement, and then submit it to the membership for ratification and have it rejected. That’s almost the end of the Union.

So, you really have to learn how to forecast votes in advance, and one of the things you do is look at the facts.

Fact number one is that an awful lot of players in the Hall of Fame are pre-Union. They never had anything to do with the Union back in that terrible period.

Number two, is that many of those players and many of the players who were playing in the period in which in which I was involved, after they were through playing, became employed by management. A whole different mindset is set up.

Just for example Monte Irvin in the Hall of Fame is a very nice guy, but the last fifteen years in this working life he worked for Bowie Kuhn. You wouldn’t vote for me would you? And it’s not just Monte Irvin. There are people on the Cubs and people on the Red Sox and Hall of Fame who have worked for management and are working for management. There’s this fine great ball player in the Hall of Fame, who’s vice president of a major league team and so on.

And then there are members of the press who vote who are the newspaper reporters wing of the Hall of Fame. While some of those might vote for me many would not. There were a lot of them who were, if not in the owners’ pockets, at least on their laps. There are the radio and TV announcers who interestingly enough in almost every case cannot be announcers in radio and TV unless the clubs that they are telecasting or broadcasting agree. They hold the veto power over them.

And then finally, if all else fails, to make anybody understand how the votes go, if you have to get 75% of the vote and you do what the Hall of Fame people did two years ago or a year ago, put fifteen people on the ballot. You are making it almost statistically improbable that anyone is going to get 75% of the vote and in fact, no one did.

In the history of the United States, this is just to give you a contrast, while occasionally there are three candidates or four candidates, in most cases there are two. And with only two candidates on the ballot, except for George Washington in his first term, who ran unopposed, with only two people on the ballot--in all the rest of the elections no presidential candidate ever got anywhere near 75% of the vote.

BizBall: Do you feel that there will ever be a truly independent commissioner like we saw in Kenesaw Landis?

Miller: I don’t think there’s ever been an independent commissioner, including Landis. If you think about it at all, it was never meant to be that way. Landis had some assets that enabled him to  appear to be independent. That is, there was a fear asset. Baseball was truly shaken by the Black Sox scandal. And they felt grateful to be able to get a federal judge to come off the bench and become commissioner. And what they never wanted to have happen was to have a former federal judge like Landis resign and blast them for something and so that gave him a certain power. But he was never truly independent. Nor can any commissioner be independent when he doesn’t have a dime in the game. Things don’t work that way. If the owners of the game who own franchises disapprove of a commissioner it’s the simplest thing in the world to get rid of him, contract or no contract, it’s simply about paying off the contract, and every commissioner knows that. The result is that every commissioner except Landis, who died in office and Bart Giamatti who died in office after a short term, every commissioner sooner or later is fired. It’s not always reported that way. Sometimes it’s reported as a failure to renew his contract. Sometimes it’s reported as a suggestion that he take a pension and retire. Sometimes it’s more frank than that; he’s fired. But looked at realistically, except for the two who have died in office, everyone has been fired except the present one and eventually he will be too.

BizBall: What do you feel Bud Selig’s legacy will be?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know it’s hard to know what Selig’s legacy will be. You know I am absolutely amused at the way media treats people when they’re gone. You know. I think the Reagan fiasco is a case in point. How they will treat Selig after he’s gone, I don’t know. I am concerned that he has just been oblivious to the danger and the damage done by ignoring the conflict of interest that’s involved. I think that is a permanent damage. How historians will treat that, I do not know.

BizBall: What about your legacy? Have you had time to reflect on that? Is that something you care to look upon or comment about?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know every once in awhile you are forced to when you get to be my age. I’m referring to the fact that former commissioner Fay Vincent is involved in a project now, in connection with the Hall of Fame, in which he is interviewing various living people, obviously, who have had a part in baseball history. They are doing this project on film for the benefit of future generations of fans and scholars. As Fay said, when you do a project of this type, you interview the older members first, (laughs) to make sure they are still around. Certainly, you are forced to think about this, but in terms of things I would hope for, is that I would be remembered in terms of having playing a major part in building the first legitimate and still remaining the only legitimate trade Union in the team sports movement. A Union that has demonstrated to be one of great solidarity and integrity and unity and accomplishment. And that’s good enough.

The following interview was originally published on the SABR Business of Baseball website, and can be read here: SABR Business of Baseball Interviews Page

Interview conducted by Maury Brown on 7/13/04. Edited by Jeff Sackmann.



Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?