how can i reduce credit card debt quickly obc sbi credit card status top 20 credit cards for bad credit secured orchard bank credit card can you get a credit card under 18 top 5 credit cards 2011 pay shell oil credit card online halifax bank of scotland credit card services free valid credit card numbers with security code 2011 need to apply for walmart credit card best visa or mastercard credit cards credit card payoff calculator dave ramsey who has the most secure credit card lowest rate credit card machine disney credit card chase customer service credit card comparison site whats an easy credit card to get with bad credit apply for best buy credit card over phone 0 credit card balance transfers no fee can preloaded credit cards be used online real credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date credit limit increase capital one mastercard minimum credit card payment calculator uk zero interest balance transfer credit cards canada reloadable credit cards green dot best business credit cards for gas chevron credit card complaints rfid secure credit card protector which chase credit card is easiest to get how do i calculate my credit card interest rate credit card helpline no credit card minimum monthly payment formula discover credit card ratings credit card limit calculator singapore gift visa cards where to buy capital credit card payment american airlines credit card offer 50000 miles best credit cards cash back offers bdo credit card application form payday loan lenders direct apply for a barclay credit card online india credit union uk best credit card usa holiday what is the best credit card for airline miles bank of america credit card application phone number get credit card online uk low credit card rate mophie marketplace complete credit card reader for intuit gopayment for iphone 4what is a good credit card to help build credit how to negotiate with credit card companies to reduce debt i need a bad credit loan today barclays credit card application online 3 month payday loans no brokers lloyds tsb credit card balance transfer to current account barclays student credit card limit us bank harley davidson visa credit card how long does it take to get credit card from chase pay my first premier credit card bill online very bad credit loans no guarantor target visa card contact hsbc credit card offers sri lanka visa card ukraine natwest credit card online banking travel rewards credit cards for bad credit rbs credit card customer services address how do i apply for a walmart credit card online in canada credit card minimum payment calculator malaysia report online credit card fraud accept credit cards online australia stolen credit card numbers list citibank credit card rewards program hsbc credit card app for ipad visa credit card generator 2011 free credit card icons free equifax credit score no credit card lowering credit card interest rates what is the best secured credit card to get in canada hello kitty credit card uk no annual fee credit cards for no credit same day guaranteed payday loans chase credit card fraud contact does best buy accept visa debit cards online chase freedom visa credit card customer service what kind of credit card should i get with no credit compare credit card interest rates calculator how can i send money online using my credit card black cardigan sweater free credit card information with cvv check premier credit card status best travel rewards credit card reviews tesco credit card lost pin visa cards numbers free gold card ba faxless no credit check payday loans online rbs student credit card cash withdrawal dubai first credit card review rei us bank credit card review credit card logos psd axis bank credit card instant pay visa black card review 2012 old navy visa credit card interest rate poor credit rating credit cards 0 balance transfers free credit card processing no monthly fee how to pay off sallie mae loans early can you cancel a maurices credit card best credit card for no credit yahoo bank of america corporate credit card rewards best offer credit card boc credit card business analyst mastercard uk management services ltd credit cards for bad credit no credit check best credit card philippines review gnc gold card renewal top 20 payday lenders no brokers priceline visa rewards card compare credit card offers 2013 how to apply for a credit card online with no credit credit card app iphone 4 visa credit card number generator with cvv2 credit cards with cashback and no annual fee virgin prepaid credit card visa credit card number 2013 with cvv compare canadian credit cards travel does applying for credit cards lower credit score credit card limit calculator australia ann taylor loft credit card customer service best credit card machine rates uk virgin credit card australia sign in 0 percent credit cards with no transfer fee 2012 how to view my hdfc credit card statement pay your american airlines credit card check status of toys r us credit card prepaid credit cards online use instant online payday loan canada vanilla prepaid visa card canada balance bad credit loans direct lenders only uk the best credit cards for rewards programs visa black card requirements capital one credit card payment processing time 6 month payday loans lenders instant payday loans online uk how to pay off credit card debt in one year visa cards numbers start with credit card apr rates average valid credit card details for free 2013 air mile credit cards best cashback credit card malaysia wachovia wells fargo credit card rewards hdfc credit card payment emi options cimb platinum credit card application form how to get a first credit card for no credit citibank credit card 20 cash back commonwealth bank credit card travel insurance review best 0 interest credit cards on purchases secured bank of america business credit card how to eliminate credit card debt without paying will my chase credit card work in canada paypal ebay credit card how to apply for a us credit card from canada how to apply credit card if you have no credit history credit card for bad credit instant approval south africa hdfc credit card apply online in coimbatore paying off credit card debt faster credit card credit union vs bank discover credit card applications online secured credit card for business canada best credit card terminal app for iphone capital one credit card low interest rate retail store credit cards for fair credit apply for capital one credit card uk best secured credit card no credit check coast capital credit card application best rewards cards canada 2012 paying off credit card debt vs saving walmart credit card no interest for 24 months 12 months interest free credit card nz best business credit card 2013 harris county gold card application types of credit card fraud in india ryanair credit debit card charges zero percent interest credit card offers makemytrip hdfc credit card offer chase visa credit card benefits best cash advance loans companies hdfc credit card payment charges how can credit cards offer cash back barclay credit card online registration cash back credit cards wiki td emerald visa lost card disney credit card chase login american express corporate credit cards icici instant credit card eligibility how to use apps store without credit card excel credit card apr formula when does walmart credit card report to credit bureau martin lewis credit cards deals sbi balance transfer calculator no fee td visa cards bad credit rebuilding credit cards pre approved credit card offers bank of america how long does it take to get credit card plan to reduce credit card debt sears financial credit card review instant approval credit card canada rbs black credit card review i want a credit card that has no limit low interest rate credit card comparison lowest apr credit card available how to get a joint credit card all credit cards in one credit card business in india report credit card cash advance fee malaysia credit card apr rates compared bank of america credit card student how to check the status of a citibank credit card application visa platinum card contacting capital one credit card uk capital 1 lost or stolen credit card kohls credit card phone number paypal credit card uk login where to buy prepaid visa cards in singapore american express platinum cashback credit card travel insurance free real credit card numbers 2013 home loans for bad credit credit card fraud detection techniques pdf best rewards credit cards in canada bank of america credit card business login how to apply for mastercard in sbi credit cards deals india home depot credit card promotions is there an app for walmart credit card consumer reports best reward cards abn amro credit card online payment india hdfc titanium international credit card diners club international credit card philippines short term cash loans online prepaid visa gift credit cards most exclusive uk credit cards hsbc credit card cash advance low balance transfer credit card canada natwest black credit card your points new payday loan lenders not brokers hdfc international credit card reward points how to choose a credit card singapore pay hdfc credit card online payment myer visa card travel insurance leaders merchant services mobile credit card processing no credit loans uk fake social security number for credit card british airways credit card offer review credit score needed for toys r us credit card nab flybuys credit card travel insurance chase payday advance loan gold card derbyshire county council hdfc credit card interest rate for cash withdrawal different types of credit cards in us wells fargo credit card rewards program low interest credit card balance transfer life capital one no credit credit card barclays credit card lost and stolen cash loans online fast review hello kitty credit card visa credit card travel miles blog is magnum cash advance legal in ohio verified by visa sbi debit card how are business credit card limits determined small business credit card credit card promotions malaysia apply for low interest credit card online credit card settlement offer letter amscot payday advance wireless credit card machines rental track my sbi credit card application status check chase visa gift card balance online cnn best credit cards for bad credit largest credit card banks new credit card fees laws credit cards compare malaysia nz balance transfer credit card deals zurich credit card insurance travel what is the best credit card for someone with bad credit icici credit card application status using application number halo reach credit limit reset how to pay advance income tax online in india top rated unsecured credit cards for bad credit capital one credit card payment calculator credit card processing fees uk credit cards for bad credit that;s not prepaid credit card reward rooms to go credit card pay online ge secured credit card bad credit australia merchant fees for credit cards comparison canada credit card 0 interest rate offers citibank platinum credit card review will opening new credit cards hurt my credit score poor credit loans ireland credit cards poor credit score united airline credit card promotions student credit card applications online best visa cards 2013 ipad credit card apple id disputing credit card charges uk best gas credit card ontario benefits of visa signature credit cards credit cards bad credit instant approval barclay credit card online apply best credit card 2012 usa free credit card numbers and cvv codes that work 2013 payday loan lenders uk new credit card information stolen from walmart my premier credit card processing fee southwest chase credit card deals best high limit credit cards for bad credit low interest credit cards for good credit multiple interest rate credit card calculator best cashback credit card offers rebuild credit cards bad credit best visa credit card in india credit card payment plan authorization form wells fargo platinum credit card rewards usaa credit card rewards catalog im 18 which credit card should i get pay belk credit card with debit card credit card rate comparison canada credit card holder list of payday loan lenders uk southwest credit card car rental deals prepaid post office credit card discover credit card reviews 2013 credit card cash back deal advance cash online loans credit small online loans for bad credit credit cards with no interest and no balance transfer fees 3 month payday loans direct lenders uk nab low rate credit card how to apply for a credit card with little to no credit payday advance uk natwest credit card protection plus pay firestone credit card online best card for cash advances on credit cards payday loans on benefits no credit check quick cash loans online australia hard plastic credit card protector td canada trust visa infinite cibc prepaid credit cards canada best buy credit cards make payment discover credit cards login intuit credit card processing phone number good credit cards for no credit history how to get a credit card online in nigeria credit card debt settlement letter uk how do casino cash advances work easiest credit card to get approved uk bank of america credit card travel rewards best credit cards no annual fees rewards emirates platinum card staff post office credit card customer login hello kitty visa credit check card high school student credit cards with no credit i need a unsecured credit card for bad credit prepaid credit cards available at shoppers drug mart best buy credit card accounthdfc credit card settlement process india long term loan bad credit no guarantor citibank credit card rewards malaysia ge capital toys r us credit card how to get a rbc visa debit card business loans against credit card sales chase toys r us credit card ge capital best buy hsbc credit card payment apply hdfc credit card balance transfer hdfc credit card application information myer visa card application form united credit card offer 2011 compare 3 month payday loans balance transfer calculator australia online payday loan no credit check bank of america credit card services mailing address aircel to airtel balance transfer easy payday loan online which credit card should i get black credit card american express limit cibc credit card login credit card payment apps for blackberry can you get cashback with a capital one credit card american express black credit card india list of payday lenders no brokers business credit cards natwest 0 interest balance transfer credit cards australia jp morgan chase business credit card what credit score do you need for a toys r us credit card payday lenders online only 5 percent cash back credit card automatic credit card authorization form template how does a cibc visa debit card work which credit card is best for international students ge credit card services phone number credit card benefits comparison malaysia credit card with 0 cash advance fee how to get a car loan with bad credit australia discover joint credit cards credit card rewards comparison canada can i get credit card without bank account how to use a credit card machine without a phone line credit card history pdf best credit cards with no annual fee for fair credit credit card application form hdfc post bankruptcy credit cards no annual fee chase credit cards for good credit wells fargo credit card cash advance free online loan calculator unlimited cash back credit card malaysia sears mastercard credit card review apply for best buy credit card online payday loans instant approval ontario square credit card processing app best cash advance loans reviews payday loan no credit check no broker no fees personal loans to consolidate credit cards capital one no fee credit card credit cards offers in uae instant credit card approval bad credit canada amscot payday advance fees barclays credit card payment options how do i get a us credit card in uk how to get approved for a credit card with little or no credit major credit card companies in india christian credit card debt help bad credit car leasing companies online payday loans bad credit ok compare the market credit cards purchases credit card 0 apr for 24 months chase prepaid visa debit cards best bank first credit card pay weekly cash loans citibank credit card offers secured visa gold credit card sbi platinum card annual fee the wells fargo jewelry advantage ? credit card buy virtual credit card with moneybookers rbc visa gift card cash best low interest credit cards for balance transfers secured credit cards with low apr free credit card numbers that work 2013 best way to get approved for a credit card with bad credit prepaid credit cards in canada with no fees citibank online apply credit cards unsecured loans with bad credit australia compare 0 purchase credit cards sbi railway credit card registration virgin prepaid credit card uk platinum cardcaptor sakura lyrics navy federal credit union jobs barclays platinum card benefits payday loans online no credit check instant approval south africa hdfc bank credit card payment through atm fake credit card numbers with cvv anonymous prepaid offshore credit card visa credit card warranty protection real credit card numbers and cvv premier disney credit card compare credit cards travel insurance first premier credit card pay bill how to check hdfc credit card payment history nationwide credit card minimum monthly payment virtual credit card terminal us prepaid credit card comparison chase freedom credit limit increase 2012 poor credit loans guaranteed approval credit card verification code java best credit card for purchases 2012 clearing credit card debt advice credit card terminal rental canada bank of america corporate credit card programs real valid visa credit card number sears mastercard solutions credit card login natwest credit card points free fake credit card information prepaid credit cards online sbi credit card reward points redeem catalog credit card fraud detection ppt free download free no annual fee credit cards international credit card fees 2012 can you apply for a walmart credit card in store small bad credit loans australia fidelity cash back visa card discover student credit card bad credit how to best use a credit card to build credit guaranteed approval unsecured visa credit cards cash advance fee credit card prepaid reloadable visa cards canada apply for credit card uk online credit cards no income students credit cards no credit check unsecured cash back credit cards canada 2012 credit card online apply india ebay credit card payment processing credit card processing fees tax deductible citi corporate credit card login typical m&s credit card limit credit card terminal app fee

Like Shoot to Thrill - An AC/DC Tribute on Facebook!

An authentic tribute of AC/DC that covers the best of the Bon Scott era and the best of Brian Johnson's material

Who's Online?

We have 769 guests online

Atom RSS

Interview - Marvin Miller - Former Director - MLBPA PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 12
The Biz of Baseball - Interviews
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 18 July 2004 12:00

Marvin MillerStarting in 1965 with his election to the MLB Players Association, Marvin Miller changed the face of MLB forever by turning a loosely knit players association into one of, if not the, strongest Unions in the Nation.

In this interview, Miller talks of issues such as privacy rights and the BALCO case, the player pension plan, the 2002 CBA, and much more.

When the book on SABR is written, it will never be said that its member base doesn’t have its priorities straight. I say this since the topic: “Who would be on baseball’s Mt. Rushmore?” made the rounds via email this year within my regional chapter. George Washington? Thomas Jefferson? Nah, let’s get serious and talk baseball.

It made for light and interesting discussions. Rickey was mentioned by most. Hulbert by some. Landis, by others. But, Marvin Miller was on every list. There was no question about his place in history.

A few days later, I was looking into the Introduction of Miller’s book, “A Whole Different Ballgame” which Bill James had penned. It seems that we were not alone in this assessment:

“If ever baseball buys itself a mountain and starts carving faces in it, one of the first men to go up is sure to be Marvin Miller.”

So there it is.

Marvin Miller may be the biggest lightning rod the game has ever seen. The creation of the Players Union initiated something of a war with MLB that borders on Jihad. MLB management loathes him. To the rank-and-file players at the time, he must have been seen as something just short of God.

At the time of his arrival, and the eventual breaking of the Reserve Clause, he was viewed by many as a harbinger of the “end of baseball as we knew it.” Surely, the maverick Players Union would destroy Major League Baseball. He elevated the pay of players, created the free agency system in place today, and helped provide benefits, such as a solid pension plan, that allows players to do more than simply survive after retirement. The changes, however, altered the public perception. Players no longer were part of a city – part of the family or “one of the guys.” Now, the players were “out of touch with the common man” and “looking out to make a buck.”

Instead of baseball’s demise, baseball grew exponentially, and both sides amassed untold wealth. Distrust flourished. The Players Union, in concert with management, set into motion repeated strikes and lockouts. Fans venomously cursed both sides. “The million dollar players should be happy to be involved in a game children play. And, the multi-million dollar owners should quit crying poverty and be happy they’re as rich as they are,” were constant themes.

For better or worse, baseball has been forever changed since the MLBPA was recognized in 1966. There is no turning back, although I think the owners would like nothing better.

In framing this interview, I knew that a man with the impact of Miller had already been questioned in great detail. So, this interview focuses more on the present than the past. He is still a man of great conviction. The printed word here will fail to convey the nuances and inflections when the topics of Constitutional rights and the BALCO Trail were raised. Or, how he slowly and purposefully reminded me that the Press never has fully understood what the Union can, and cannot, do for the former players not covered by the pension plan.

What’s ironic is that the chance for Miller to be immortalized in stone is probably better than his induction into the Hall of Fame. But all that aside, never let it be said that he isn’t one of, if not the, greatest men that has impacted professional baseball. - Maury Brown

BizBall: When you were elected head of the MLBPA in 1966, the players were portrayed by some as being nothing more than indentured servants of management. You organized and galvanized the loose knit players’ association into the force that it is today. It seems since that time that the pendulum has been moving in the Union’s favor since. Is that still the case, or was the outcome of the 2002 CBA a step back for the MLBPA?

Miller: It is difficult to have a valid opinion when you are not part of the negotiations. You are forced to make a judgment from the outside just looking at the contract itself and the various positions. What you don’t know is--what I don’t know at least is what were the factors that deem themselves important to consider in taking was now perceived to be taking backward steps.

I am not ducking the question, but I really don’t know the answer to it. Let me explain by first saying, looking at the contract itself I would have to conclude along with others that those were backward steps. But then I force myself to look at a little below the picture, and one that is kind of startling when you think about it, that is that I think the present leadership of the players’ Union has had to contend with something that I never did, and that is they have had to contend with a membership consisting of not one single player who ever had any baseball life prior to the Union. Not one player is able to fully evaluate what the Union has meant to players as a group, and that is a very tough problem to contend with. I think it has to temper any judgment about steps backward.

BizBall: Do you feel that the public’s appetite for MLB would have been severely diminished if a lockout or strike would have occurred in 2002?

Miller: I think temporarily, but I am not one of those who ever believed the propaganda of labor disputes would be the cause of a permanent loss of fans. It never has been and I doubt it ever will.

BizBall: Is the public’s concern something that comes to the negotiating table, or is the overriding concern of a representative of his or her labor Union to get as much for their respective constituency as possible?

Miller: I think you have to bring it down to the cases. For example, in all of those years when I was with the Steel Workers Union, there probably was not a single dispute that wasn’t settled in the White House, and the reason, of course, was that a nationwide steel dispute heavily impinged on the nation’s economy.

When steel went down in those days, pretty soon so did automobiles and so did residence and building construction and onward, and you were dealing with widespread increasing unemployment. So, it was both a public issue and a government issue. In that kind of situation, public opinion is
MLBPAextremely important because sooner or later, after it ends up or gets to the White House, pretty soon the Congress is there, and that becomes a serious matter.

I have never had that kind of a feeling in baseball even though, if you were to judge by the amount of ink that the media spent on it, you would assume it was a matter of great public concern. But, when you examined it, it really wasn’t. My concern in those days was not the public relations aspect in the same sense that a steel public relations reaction in steel was. My concern in those days was that if this gets loud enough, the players will be affected and that’s all. Because I never considered it rising to the level of a national emergency dispute like the mega-steel dispute and nor would I consider that the so called public relations damage would be more than fleeting and small.

BizBall: In 2002 there was considerable talk of a Worldwide Amateur draft taking place. Since that time the issue seems to have been swept under the carpet. What is your take on the concept of the worldwide draft?

Miller: You mean to remove the exemptions if there have been?

BizBall: Yes.

Miller: I don’t know. I haven’t thought about it a lot except for the extent that I have never approved of the idea of a private industry having the right to draft anybody. At no time, for no reason. To me a draft has to do with a governmental function in the time of emergency.

BizBall: Also in 2002 the main topic of conversation was the elimination of teams via contraction by the League. There is verbiage within the last CBA that opens the topic back up, at least in principle, for 2006. Was contraction a straw man in the last CBA and do you feel it will be an issue in the next CBA with the current Union?

Miller: I think first that it was a straw man. I think it was a kind of double-barreled power ploy. It was a ploy in a sense that they were trying to scare the Union that it was going to have a loss of  membership and I think it was a ploy and the usual communities who might balk at public financing of baseball stadiums.

In that sense, it was a clever ploy but not really an effective one.

BizBall: The Expos were a part of the contraction scenario in the last CBA. Since then they have become vagabonds of the League with "home" games being played in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Stuck in the middle have been the players. Did you feel the Players Union represented the Expos players properly on this matter?

Miller: No. I am not sure they were treated right at all.

BizBall: Did the League create this monster of a situation by expanding too fast in the early ‘90s?

Miller: I don’t know about that connection, but I do not think that you can view the expansion as being too much or too little, except in relation to the demand for them. In other words, if you look at the economics of it, with each expansion they raised the entry level price and yet had eager buyers literally standing in line, holding their hats in hand, hoping their bids for a new franchise would be rewarded.

Given that kind of economics and given the fact that the demand was always there and at an increasing price, it’s hard to say if expansion was too rapid – too rapid for what? How do you measure these things except the fact that when they offer the opportunity for expansion, eager applicants came forward, even with tremendously rising price of buying a new franchise?

BizBall: Do you think that it’s possible that expansion was done simply to offset the damages incurred when it was ruled that there was collusion within the League to keep player salaries down? Over the past few seasons, there has been a dramatic decline in the rate in which player salaries have risen. Collusion is being discussed by the MLBPA, and to that end, the Union has requested that Agents keep notes on contract negotiations. Management points to the overall national economy, which has been in decline, as the driving factor. What are your views on the matter?

Miller: I think management’s argument that the general economy ought to be looked at as a factor is probably very weak when you consider past recessions and the rise of baseball salaries. The salaries continue to rise--no matter what the factor of the national economy was--for the simple reason that they had been underpriced for so long that a lot of steam had built up and salaries have kept going no mater what the general economy was. And I would expect that, over time, there might be some leveling off, but without being able to demonstrate it if you want my feeling, my feeling is that collusion was playing a part in the last year or two.

BizBall: On the issue of steroids, and more specifically the BALCO case. Recently there was news that the names of some of the players associated with testing samples were seized by the IRS as part of the Grand Jury investigation. Do you feel that steroid testing, as a whole, is an encroachment of privacy rights for the players?

Miller: Well, I do, but I think the more serious issue really is the attempt by the government through the Justice Department through pressure from the President through continuing pressure by Senator McCain; I think this gets beyond the privacy question. This gets to be one which, when you put it together with the fact that the records that they were trying to seize were testing  records made by the parties who had agreed that it would be a confidential, anonymous test as a first step in developing a testing program. I think the government’s attempt to infringe on that is outrageous. I think what you are dealing with, once the government steps in with that, what you’re dealing with is a violation of the constitutional rights of people. By that I mean it’s one thing if an employer makes it a labor-management issue. It’s quite another when the government says, "I now will subpoena records of confidential tests and I will use the material," which, after all is tantamount to saying, "I will require self-incrimination and I may send some of you to jail." I think the sports media, like so much of the other media, is just asleep on this issue.

BizBall: Do you have any regrets over the years that the vested parties of the MLBPA pension plan did not include more of the population of former ballplayers; i.e. Pete Coscarart et al?

Miller: Well, again the media is terribly at fault in this. The fact is that the player’s Union all through the years, starting with when it became a legitimate Union in 1966, in every single pension negotiation has dealt with former players already retired in a far more generous manner than any other employees in the United States. That is, in negotiation after negotiation, the player’s Union treated former players, who as long as they had even one day of service ten years before those negotiations--then later one day of service in any of the 15 years prior to those negotiations--it treated such employees as if they were still active. No other pension plan in the United States has ever done that, ever!

Now when you get to
, that’s different. That’s the group of players who never were part of the benefit plan. They were not members. And, they were not members, many of them,Pete Coscarart because the players of that period when the pension plan first went into existence in 1947, perhaps because they were dealing with an inadequate amount of money to make a decent pension plan, agreed to the owners’ proposal that anybody who was not on a major league roster on the last day of the 1946 season or the first day of the 1947 season, no matter how many years of major league service he had, would not be a member of the plan.

Now think about it. That meant that somebody with say ten or twenty years of service who had been released before the last day of the 1946 season was treated as if he had never been in the major leagues. This was done by the players before there was any organization. This was done by their fellow players. Now, I’m not saying that because that happened nothing should be done--far from it. I am saying that the people who have written about this are mighty careless in blaming the Union, which didn’t even exist then. But more than that, they don’t seem to understand two things. Number one is that players well, what the most important point is that the Union under law, is not the representative of a former employee. I don’t know if you know that. Two Supreme Court decisions state that an employer is not even required to negotiate with the Union with regard to a former employee. That’s true whether it is baseball or steel or anything. A former employee is not a member of the bargaining unit so an employer is free to say, "Not only won’t I do anything I won’t even talk to you about it." And if the Union were to strike on that issue the Union would be liable for all damages occurring to the employee’s business. That’s the first thing.

The second thing is, the writers who write about this, who are careless about this in my opinion, is that it’s not even clear that a Union would have the legal right to now negotiate inclusion into a pension plan of people who it didn’t represent, and who had never been covered; because the assets in that plan belong to the members of the plan under law. They do not belong to people who were never members of the plan and you have a very serious question of law involved. I don’t know the answer to it, but it is no simple matter.

But, I come back to my original point. This notion that people who were never members of the plan that the Union becomes the one obliged to do something, or the players -- the current players -- that just doesn’t hold water. The employer, if anybody, is responsible for the pensionless status of its former employees not the current employees. The employer is responsible.

I once asked a writer of the New York Times who was writing a lot of blather about this, whether he thought that he and his fellow Times’ reporters were liable for the pensionless status of former writers of the Times at a time when there was no pension plan.

BizBall: What was his reaction?

Miller: He said, "Well, no." (laughs) So why are the present players obligated?

BizBall: As a former Union head, what was your take on the MLUA and Ritchie Phillips’ ill-fated strategy of having the Umpires resign en masse?

Miller: (Laughing) I think the foolishness of it has been demonstrated.

BizBall: Are you surprised it took as long as it did for teams to resort to the strategy of non-tendering large numbers of players who wouldn't otherwise be eligible for free agency?

Miller: I’m more surprised that the Union has not stepped in to prevent it.

BizBall: From an MLBPA perspective, would it be good to have big-market teams fund incentives for small-market teams to field more competitive teams, as opposed to current revenue sharing which arguably doesn’t encourage small-market teams?

Miller: It’s hard to say. Revenue sharing may well have a part to play in terms of competitive balance. I’m not convinced that it does; other people disagree. I think, for example, even prior to  this agreement, involving both revenue sharing and so called luxury tax, I think the competitive balance among all the teams in baseball is probably better than it was when I was a young fan. When I was a young fan, I think it’s eminently provable that there’s far more balance now than when the Yankees would win fourteen pennants in sixteen years and when taken together, the Yankees and the St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Giants would win everything almost every year. So, I’m not sure revenue sharing is a constructive thing at all.

BizBall: There has been considerable concern in Wisconsin about how Miller Park was funded, with a considerable portion of that coming from the public. Milwaukee has since then set team payrolls so low it has created poor-quality product on the field. A salary floor might possibly prevent some of these problems. Is a topic of a salary floor a step toward creation of a salary cap?

Miller: Not necessarily. I mean, there’s always been a salary floor ever since the Union negotiated minimum salaries. I don’t think that having a floor necessarily means you have to have a cap. We have a minimum wage in this country, but we don’t have a maximum wage.

BizBall: How do you view your role in the history of the game? Given the history between management and the MLBPA do you think you’ll get the votes to be in the Baseball Hall of Fame?

Miller: (chuckles) No. I think the votes were never there. I found it interesting. But [it was] kind of uninformed when so many people said just because they changed the method of voting for non-players from the old veterans committee to all of the living members of the Hall of Fame that that necessarily meant I would be eligible. (chuckles) I never agreed with that. I think it left out an awful lot of factors.

One of the reasons I didn’t agree with all of this, is that I think anybody who has ever been a Union leader has to have gained some skill at being able to predict votes in advance. I think that what’s disastrous for a labor leader is to not have that skill.

For example, to call for a strike vote and have the membership turn it down. That’s the end of credibility. Or for a Union leader to go into difficult negotiations, reach a settlement, and then submit it to the membership for ratification and have it rejected. That’s almost the end of the Union.

So, you really have to learn how to forecast votes in advance, and one of the things you do is look at the facts.

Fact number one is that an awful lot of players in the Hall of Fame are pre-Union. They never had anything to do with the Union back in that terrible period.

Number two, is that many of those players and many of the players who were playing in the period in which in which I was involved, after they were through playing, became employed by management. A whole different mindset is set up.

Just for example Monte Irvin in the Hall of Fame is a very nice guy, but the last fifteen years in this working life he worked for Bowie Kuhn. You wouldn’t vote for me would you? And it’s not just Monte Irvin. There are people on the Cubs and people on the Red Sox and Hall of Fame who have worked for management and are working for management. There’s this fine great ball player in the Hall of Fame, who’s vice president of a major league team and so on.

And then there are members of the press who vote who are the newspaper reporters wing of the Hall of Fame. While some of those might vote for me many would not. There were a lot of them who were, if not in the owners’ pockets, at least on their laps. There are the radio and TV announcers who interestingly enough in almost every case cannot be announcers in radio and TV unless the clubs that they are telecasting or broadcasting agree. They hold the veto power over them.

And then finally, if all else fails, to make anybody understand how the votes go, if you have to get 75% of the vote and you do what the Hall of Fame people did two years ago or a year ago, put fifteen people on the ballot. You are making it almost statistically improbable that anyone is going to get 75% of the vote and in fact, no one did.

In the history of the United States, this is just to give you a contrast, while occasionally there are three candidates or four candidates, in most cases there are two. And with only two candidates on the ballot, except for George Washington in his first term, who ran unopposed, with only two people on the ballot--in all the rest of the elections no presidential candidate ever got anywhere near 75% of the vote.

BizBall: Do you feel that there will ever be a truly independent commissioner like we saw in Kenesaw Landis?

Miller: I don’t think there’s ever been an independent commissioner, including Landis. If you think about it at all, it was never meant to be that way. Landis had some assets that enabled him to  appear to be independent. That is, there was a fear asset. Baseball was truly shaken by the Black Sox scandal. And they felt grateful to be able to get a federal judge to come off the bench and become commissioner. And what they never wanted to have happen was to have a former federal judge like Landis resign and blast them for something and so that gave him a certain power. But he was never truly independent. Nor can any commissioner be independent when he doesn’t have a dime in the game. Things don’t work that way. If the owners of the game who own franchises disapprove of a commissioner it’s the simplest thing in the world to get rid of him, contract or no contract, it’s simply about paying off the contract, and every commissioner knows that. The result is that every commissioner except Landis, who died in office and Bart Giamatti who died in office after a short term, every commissioner sooner or later is fired. It’s not always reported that way. Sometimes it’s reported as a failure to renew his contract. Sometimes it’s reported as a suggestion that he take a pension and retire. Sometimes it’s more frank than that; he’s fired. But looked at realistically, except for the two who have died in office, everyone has been fired except the present one and eventually he will be too.

BizBall: What do you feel Bud Selig’s legacy will be?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know it’s hard to know what Selig’s legacy will be. You know I am absolutely amused at the way media treats people when they’re gone. You know. I think the Reagan fiasco is a case in point. How they will treat Selig after he’s gone, I don’t know. I am concerned that he has just been oblivious to the danger and the damage done by ignoring the conflict of interest that’s involved. I think that is a permanent damage. How historians will treat that, I do not know.

BizBall: What about your legacy? Have you had time to reflect on that? Is that something you care to look upon or comment about?

Miller: (chuckles) Well, you know every once in awhile you are forced to when you get to be my age. I’m referring to the fact that former commissioner Fay Vincent is involved in a project now, in connection with the Hall of Fame, in which he is interviewing various living people, obviously, who have had a part in baseball history. They are doing this project on film for the benefit of future generations of fans and scholars. As Fay said, when you do a project of this type, you interview the older members first, (laughs) to make sure they are still around. Certainly, you are forced to think about this, but in terms of things I would hope for, is that I would be remembered in terms of having playing a major part in building the first legitimate and still remaining the only legitimate trade Union in the team sports movement. A Union that has demonstrated to be one of great solidarity and integrity and unity and accomplishment. And that’s good enough.

The following interview was originally published on the SABR Business of Baseball website, and can be read here: SABR Business of Baseball Interviews Page

Interview conducted by Maury Brown on 7/13/04. Edited by Jeff Sackmann.



Should MLB Force Jeffery Loria to Sell the Marlins?