köpa Zyvox på kreta köpa Lexapro patong kan man köpa Cardizem på apoteket dosering Rumalaya k köpa Bonnispaz på nätet säkert köpa blå Triamcinolone köpa Valtrex i grekland Altace duo leverans Coreg dosering första gången Evecare dosering vuxen Dilantin pris gatan köpa Trental på internet generisk Risperdal snabb leverans köpa Slim Tea i butik bra ställe o köpa Zyloprim olagligt att beställa Lisinopril generisk Alavert i sverige Fucidin snabbast leverans Voveran gel pris apoteket Nizoral dos nervositet beställa Torsemide 2012 generisk Keftab snabb leverans köpa Coumadin danmark billig Nizagara sverige köpa Lioresal barcelona sänkt pris Topamax köpa Skelaxin i bulgarien köpa Prazosin kroatien generisk Cardizem biverkningar vart kan man köpa Etodolac online fungerar generisk Speman köpa Luvox i kina kan man köpa Atorlip-5 på nätet köpa Omnicef estland Ophthacare pris i sverige NPXL oral lösning pris lagligt köpa Minomycin köpa Zoloft köpenhamn köpa Aristocort alanya var kan man köpa Ampicillin beställa Atrovent 2012 Famvir gel pris apoteket hur stor dos Femcare ska man ta var köper man Valtrex utan recept lagligt att beställa Furosemide köpa Vasodilan gel köpa Mycelex-g turkiet var köpa Mestinon billigt kan man köpa Benemid i usa Vermox oral jelly billig Micronase dödlig dos olagligt att beställa Estrace köpa Xeloda i filippinerna generisk Zovirax sverige köpa Prednisolone thailand var kan man köpa äkta Keppra generisk Prazosin i sverige kan man köpa Remeron på nätet lägsta pris Depakote köpa Lincocin i stockholm Entocort tabletter pris sverige Methotrexate och träning dosering Lisinopril bästa pris Terramycin dosering halsfluss köpa Bupropion online köpa Finax original dosering Clozaril k beställa Diarex inrikes hur köpa Cozaar köpa generisk Mobic köpa Moduretic online beställa Nizagara på nätet flashback köpa Minocin flashback Proventil pris apotek sverige kan man köpa Mentat i spanien sänkt pris Tamoxifen köpa Carafate i sverige forum Erexor dödlig dos köpa Tetracycline apotek köpa Antabuse postförskott dosering Cozaar k köpa Prograf i sverige Motrin bästa pris Avapro strömställare pris lägre pris på Toprol beställa Xeloda från thailand köpa Cleocin apoteket Elimite på nätet utan recept var kan man beställa Effexor pris på Imdur i sverige var kan man köpa Claritin duo köpa Nizoral i sverige vad kan man köpa Proventil tips köpa Toradol kan man köpa Apcalis i england Lasuna billig köpa Meclizine för män Calcium Carbonate pfizer köpa var köper man billig Luvox köpa Tamoxifen i filippinerna är det lagligt att köpa Torsemide på nätet beställa Cephalexin är det lagligt att köpa Benzac på nätet kan man köpa Famvir på mallorca köpa billigt Pilex Kemadrin hur stor dos Bactrim nervositet dosering köpa Singulair tabletter eljo Purim uttag pris köpa Maxalt amsterdam billig Dutas snabb leverans kan man köpa Trental på apoteket köpa Synthroid mot postförskott dosering Trileptal k köpa Malegra amsterdam Lasix pris på apoteket köpa jord Olanzapine köpa Dutas amsterdam Diabecon kräm köpa Fincar dos nervositet köpa Liponexol 400 mg köpa Rogaine 5 på rhodos köpa Fertomid i amsterdam köpa Atorlip-20 i tyskland köpa Avalide köpenhamn Saw Palmetto dosering ångest Detrol utan recept i sverige köpa Finax på internet köpa Neurontin olagligt Bonnispaz gel pris apoteket beställa Sildalis utomlands beställa Avalide från sverige för hög dos Prinivil köpa Aldara online 2012 köp Grifulvin V snabb leverans behöver man recept för Hoodia är det recept på Alesse snabb leverans av Suprax beställa Indocin från sverige bästa pris på Augmentin köpa Bentyl orifarm Reminyl turkiet pris köpa Myambutol i grekland köpa Nitrofurantoin för tjejer var beställa Chloramphenicol köpa generisk Protonix kan man köpa Liv 52 på mallorca köpa Prilosec mot faktura köpa Premarin utan recept Venlor dosering lunginflammation köpa Betnovate på gran canaria Eurax jelly köpa köpa Actos oslo köpa Duphalac oral jelly apoteket hjärtat Finax pris kan man köpa Atorlip-5 receptfritt är det olagligt att köpa Hytrin köpa Lasix receptfritt köpa Anafranil i prag hur köpa Benzac Arimidex oral lösning dosering vad kostar Flexisyn med recept lagligt beställa Wellbutrin beställa Tenormin lagligt var köpa Coumadin billigt Ranitidine 100 billig kan man köpa Lipothin i sverige att köpa Plavix i sverige Claritin vägguttag pris köpa Clarina på kanarieöarna vart ska man köpa Finpecia vart kan man köpa Bactrim kan man köpa Betnovate på mallorca beställa Hytrin utomlands var kan man köpa Bentyl kan man köpa Danazol i kroatien köpa Fertomid rhodos köpa Propranolol i filippinerna Azulfidine på apoteket pris är det olagligt att beställa Hydrea beställa Carbozyne på nätet pris Biaxin på apoteket Serpina pris apotek sverige pris på Shatavari med recept för hög dos Cabgolin skillnad mellan generisk Valtrex köpa Gyne-lotrimin flashback 2014 var kan man köpa Himcolin säkert var kan man köpa NPXL säkert jag vill köpa Noroxin köpa Keflex sverige 2012 var ska man köpa Tricor Ralista receptfritt pris beställa Lanoxin på nätet Robaxin generisk Robaxin skillnad Flomax eljo pris för hög dos Doxycycline generisk Evista snabb leverans dosering Imitrex till hund Deltasone låg dos snabb leverans av Clonidine köpa Plendil i bulgarien köpa Bonnispaz spanien köpa Isoptin i amsterdam Apcalis köpa online köpa Unisom på teneriffa köpa Clozaril spanien köpa Cozaar online billigt beställa Isoniazid Tretinoin gel pris apoteket köpa Tretinoin 400 mg beställa Zantac från thailand beställa Epivir-HBV inrikes köpa Lasix i filippinerna köpa Dramamine seriöst Chloromycetin sverige snabb leverans köpa Septilin i kroatien eljo Benzac bästa pris snabb leverans Erexor Decadron pris apotek sverige bästa sidan att köpa Yougara köpa Grifulvin V på nätet flashback kan man köpa Motrin på apotek köpa Calcium Carbonate stockholm Micardis dödlig dos vart kan jag köpa Arava kan man köpa Shuddha på mallorca är det recept på Paxil Dapoxetine snabb leverans köpa Renagel gran canaria köpa Beconase AQ sverige flashback apotekets pris på Dostinex kan man köpa Urispas på teneriffa köpa Ophthacare online 2013 hur köpa Singulair Amantadine strömställare pris Lioresal utan recept bra ställe att köpa Sominex lagligt att beställa Prazosin på nätet köpa Serevent utomlands beställa Clarinex från thailand eljo Zaditor uttag pris kan man köpa Shuddha i sverige var köper man Ashwagandha utan recept Unisom beställa pris Endep apotek hjärtat vad kostar Propecia på recept köpa Prednisone på gran canaria Vantin uttag pris är det olagligt att köpa Zyprexa köpa Sominex i danmark köpa Ampicillin på teneriffa hur får man Carafate på recept köpa Lotrisone på teneriffa köpa Valtrex i tallin pris på Aciclovir sverige beställa Isoptin på nätet flashback kan man köpa Endep i frankrike Omnicef att köpa Trental tabletter pris sverige recept för Aldara beställa Lozol för kvinnor köpa Aspirin i norge köpa Charboleps forum kan man köpa Ditropan på teneriffa köpa Trazodone på apoteket beställa Actoplus lagligt köpa Allopurinol i riga eljo Terramycin bästa pris Midamor pris på gatan köpa Cytoxan på gran canaria Unisom jelly snabb leverans köpa Furosemide på nätet lagligt Motrin pris på gatan bästa stället att köpa Levitra på säkra sidor att köpa Abilify dödlig dos Tadacip beställa Compazine 2012 Bystolic utan recept spanien Nitrofurantoin dosering sömn köpa billig Clarinex flytande Claritin dos billig Aygestin på nätet vad är generisk Lotensin köpa Allegra online 2012 Penegra köpa sverige köpa Minocycline patong köpa blå Trazodone vad är generisk Astelin köpa Actos sverige köpa Lanoxin i ryssland köpa Triamterene online 2013 kan man köpa Prazosin på teneriffa eljo Isoniazid pris vill du köpa Ashwagandha bästa pris Torsemide billig Accutane sverige kan man köpa FML Forte spanien Orlistat bästa pris köpa Bystolic i bulgarien säkra sidor att köpa Colospa apotekets pris på Betapace eljo Kytril bästa pris köpa Ranitidine säkert online köpa Digoxin grekland köpa Combivent i london kan man köpa Proscar i turkiet köpa Vantin online 2013 Flonase dos urinvägsinfektion köpa Lopid mot faktura köpa Pamelor i italien köpa Artane i barcelona köpa Panmycin på kanarieöarna lagligt att beställa Casodex kan man köpa Hyzaar i turkiet köpa jord Cleocin köpa Atorlip-10 i riga köpa Bystolic i phuket kan man köpa Lexapro på nätet var kan man köpa Risperdal receptfritt köpa Augmentin i ryssland köpa Avana barcelona vart beställa Plendil Prograf snabb leverans köpa Fluoxetine 100mg Prednisone flashback köpa köpa Singulair bangkok Amitriptyline dosering till hund eljo Doxycycline bästa pris säkra sidor att köpa Lisinopril är det farligt att köpa Renagel på nätet Synthroid jelly köpa kan man köpa Uroxatral i italien beställa Paxil till sverige pris på Yougara i sverige köpa Zyprexa i amsterdam Evecare flashback köpa köpa Cyklokapron i vietnam billig Chloramphenicol på nätet köpa Lady era internet var kan man köpa äkta Epivir-HBV Omnicef dos nervositet lägsta pris Torsemide köpa Ampicillin i bulgarien var köpa Flonase flashback köpa Flonase flashback 2015 beställa Clarinex online köpa Zoloft rhodos Trental 100 billig Venlor dosering urinvägsinfektion köpa Zyban på nätet lagligt Purim för kvinnor pris beställa container Atarax göteborg köpa Propecia på ica köpa Calcium Carbonate utan recept pris Compazine apotek hjärtat kan man köpa Skelaxin i spanien hur får man recept på Promethazine köpa Noroxin i tallinn kan man köpa Albendazole på apotek pris hyra container Duetact Glucovance turkiet pris köpa Actoplus på nätet lagligt vad kostar Trileptal på recept Unisom låg dos Seroquel recept pris Celebrex apotek hjärtat vem vill köpa Himcolin köpa Zyrtec phuket lägsta pris på Caverta köpa Unisom inom sverige köpa Lopressor lagligt på nätet köpa Mestinon i indien köpa Dulcolax i usa köpa Acticin usa köpa Slimex seriöst Seroflo utan recept i sverige köpa Ginseng säkert online köpa Avana i tyskland Aleve dosering migrän försäljning Antivert köpa billiga Amitriptyline är det recept på Yougara köpa Nolvadex på kreta köpa Himcolin i riga beställa container Lasuna göteborg beställa hem Cardizem pris på Avodart i sverige pris på Citalopram sverige kan man köpa Actos receptfritt generisk Lynoral sverige köpa Clomid 100mg Femcare dosering lunginflammation Zocor dosering migrän köpa Feldene phuket kan man köpa Biaxin på apotek köpa Erythromycin orifarm jag vill köpa Entocort köpa Pariet för tjejer Serevent oral lösning pris Bactroban plåster pris köpa Peni Large billigt Atrovent dosering ångest vad kostar Indocin på recept hur får man Tretinoin på recept pris Actoplus på apoteket köpa Tretinoin 20mg beställa Zyloprim olagligt beställa Zoloft på nätet Prometrium mot nervositet dos Alavert för kvinnor pris köpa Zovirax på teneriffa köpa Eulexin tjeckien kan man köpa Imitrex receptfritt på apoteket recept för Sumycin beställa hem Zestoretic köpa Doxazosin säkert online Cardura mot ångest dos hur stor dos Norvasc ska man ta köpa Buspar i estland beställa Nexium från sverige Zenegra på nätet utan recept köpa Baclofen i riga Nexium duo leverans köpa Keftab phuket Epivir-HBV gel recept köpa Uroxatral sverige 2012 köpa Propecia 100mg Septilin dos migrän köpa Lynoral online flashback flytande Colospa dos köpa Compazine billig köpa Ciplox i bangkok Vytorin snabb leverans beställa container Prednisone köpa Eurax alanya beställa Anacin på nätet lagligt köpa Prometrium i sverige pris på Cleocin apoteket kan man köpa Cymbalta i spanien köpa Minocin oral jelly köpa Lasuna säkert köpa Menosan 10mg beställa Himcolin inrikes var ska man köpa Aciphex köpa Tegretol super active kan man köpa Prinivil i tyskland är generisk Vytorin farligt köpa Tadacip billig Sinequan snabb leverans kan man köpa Florinef receptfritt i danmark köpa Rocaltrol i apoteket köpa Viramune på nätet flashback Amitriptyline dosering ångest köpa Panmycin på teneriffa kan man köpa Diltiazem i spanien köpa Silagra i tallin köpa Nolvadex 400 mg säker sida att köpa Avodart apoteket Zoloft gel pris kan man köpa Tenormin på mallorca Inderal nervositet dos generisk Entocort i sverige köpa Ampicillin i butik stockholm farligt köpa Dulcolax på nätet köp Hyzaar snabb leverans Ginseng var köpa beställa Levitra på faktura var kan man köpa Zocor på nätet Nitrofurantoin jelly snabb leverans beställa Glucophage från sverige kan man köpa Claritin i prag Clonidine dos migrän Betapace dosering till katt kan man köpa Saw Palmetto på apoteket utan recept köpa Reglan tallinn vart kan man köpa Paxil Procardia plåster pris köpa riktig Sildalis köpa Keftab i prag vågar man köpa Allegra på nätet pris på Ranitidine med recept dödlig dos Aricept beställa Seroquel för kvinnor Indocin och träning dosering kan man köpa Nolvadex i danmark köpa Ayurslim på nätet flashback bästa pris på Proventil var kan man köpa Dostinex duo kan man köpa Cytoxan i usa köpa Acticin på teneriffa köpa Eurax på rhodos sänkt pris på Cialis köpa Speman från turkiet Metformin utan recept i sverige beställa hem Betnovate är generisk Coreg farligt Differin online utan recept är det olagligt att köpa Neurontin vart kan jag köpa Colospa
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Inside the Numbers: A 6-Year Look at the Forbes Valuations PDF Print E-mail
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Articles & Opinion
Written by Maury Brown   
Sunday, 27 April 2008 23:00
A Biz of Baseball Exclusive

Each year, Forbes magazine releases its valuation of the 30 clubs within Major League Baseball. And, each year, fans, analysts, and certainly owners, debate the figures with an intensity that might rival a Lou Pinella missed call meltdown. Owners, with some rare exceptions, will say that the valuations are a bunch of hooey (that’s putting it kindly). Of, course, when the numbers work in their favor, you can get someone like George Steinbrenner on record, as he did last year when he said, "I am gratified at the Forbes valuation of the Yankees. We are continuing to build a worldwide brand for the people of New York and Yankee fans everywhere."

Others, such as Marlins president David Samson, would say otherwise. "Every year I continue to be surprised at the absolute inaccuracy that a so-called reputable magazine is willing to print," Samson said after this year's valuations were released. As we will present, if David Samson thinks that the figures for the Marlins are way off, that doesn’t mean that the Marlins aren’t pulling in a decent profit; it just means that the figures may not be completely in-sync with their accounting methods.

How Forbes renders their figures is what differs from MLB’s. Asked why those within MLB continue to say that the Forbes valuations are off, senior editor, and co-author of the valuations Kurt Badenhausen offers up their methodology for the financial estimates of a private industry that guards their money matters vigorously.

“We have been doing this at Forbes for 11 years,” Badenhausen said. “We talk to teams, investment bankers, consultants and other baseball people to help estimate all revenue and expense items as well as the current values of the franchises. There are a lot of ways to calculate these numbers with various holding companies, media properties and other businesses.”

As a specific example on the how MLB’s figures and Forbes’ figures may differ, Bandernhausen cites one baseball’s more lucrative revenue streams: MLB Advanced Media, which includes MLB.com.

“We have MLB’s revenues at $5.5 billion for 2007,” adds Bandernhausen. “MLB says they are more like $6.075 billion, but they are including $450 million or so of MLBAM revenue (whereas each team only got $2 million last year) and from events like the All-Star game. We include non-baseball stadium revenues from things like concerts and other events for those teams that control their stadiums. On the other hand, we deduct interest payments on debt that teams incurred from building new stadiums. Those two things roughly offset each other. We only look at revenues and expenses that the teams incur and baseball has clearly never been healthier from a financial standpoint.”

Another example involves the Seattle Mariners.

As part of the agreement for public funding of Safeco Field, the Mariners are required to release a financial statement to the State of Washington. The Washington State Major League Baseball Stadium Public Facilities District (PFD) owns Safeco, and their annual report shows that the Mariners made $17.8 million in profits.

Forbes lists the Mariners as posting operating income for 2007 at $10.1 million. Why the $7.1 million discrepancy?

“Our Mariners number is actually closer than the $7.7 million when you factor in depreciation, amortization, signing bonuses, non-ballpark expenditures and capital expenditures which we do,” explains Badenhausen. “I believe the number was closer to $15 million. Our operating income is an EBITDA number (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization). The $5 million difference is based on different revenue and expense calculations and estimates.”

So, it’s clear that how valuation figures are calculated can be different. Thus, it’s not wholly untrue that MLB’s figures differ from Forbes, but then, it’s a matter of how the sides are calculating figures. As former MLB COO Paul Beeston said infamously, "I can turn a $4 million profit into a $2 million loss and I can get every national accounting firm to agree with me."

With the differences, I’m not about to quibble with the amounts, per se. The following is more of a look in trends in the valuations within MLB. Looking at the data historically can show us which clubs are valuating upward more thanInside the Forbes Valuations inflation – a sign that ownership is working to maximize the value of the franchise, a new stadium has come online, paying down debt, or other activities that will increase the value of their holdings, on top of the growth that MLB in general is witnessing.

In some instances, when coupled with total player payroll figures, they can show holes in the revenue-sharing system. Overall, the most obvious news is owners are making money, and lots of it. Using the overblown cliché, they are hitting the ball out of the park. There may be disparity between the amounts of revenue clubs are pulling in, but no owner could claim with a straight face that they aren’t making money these days. It’s just that some clubs are making more than others are. As Badenhausen rightly said, “After listening to baseball owners cry poverty for 25 years, the outcries have been relatively few the last couple of years because baseball is in what like Bud Selig likes to call a ‘Golden Age’.”

Select Read More to see a detailed breakdown of the Forbes figures

Before we delve into the historical trends over the last six years, here are some details based around the annual research by Michael Ozanian and Kurt Badenhausen from this year’s valuations (see http://www.forbes.com/baseball/):

  • Total gross revenues for the 30 clubs has increased by 7.7 percent from last year to $5.5 billion (as opposed to the $6.075 billion reported by MLB)
  • The average team is now worth $472 million, 9.5 percent higher than last year and 143 percent more than when Forbes first calculated team values in 1998.
  • The increase in gross revenues has outpaced expenditures in player payroll. This year, 56 percent of revenues were spent on player payroll compared to 66 percent just five years ago.
  • Paid attendance continues to be a driving factor for the incredible increases for MLB. Within that, interleague continues to be exceptionally popular. Last year, interleague averaged 34,900 fans per game, 15 percent more than intraleague contests.
  • The Mets, currently ranked second with a value of $824 million, will also get a new stadium that should push their value close to $1 billion before long. Citigroup, beleaguered by the housing market meltdown, is still planning to pay the Amazins $400 million over 20 years for the stadium's naming rights.

Most Profitable Not Always the Most Valuable

As the thread worn cliché goes, you have to spend money to make money. But, in looking at the this year’s figures, you’ll find that in many cases, it’s not spending money that is allowing some teams that are cellar dwellers in the standings winning the profit game.

Using Forbes’ operating income figures, one measure of profitability, sees several unlikely clubs making more than their higher valued counterparts.

The most notable of these clubs are the Washington Nationals, and the Florida Marlins.

In terms of the Nationals, they are pulling profits based on a very good lease agreement, and new stadium, while in the midst of a rebuilding process with the roster. For the Marlins, it is a matter of setting the player payroll to levels that may redefine the word "stingy". The Marlins Opening Day payroll is at $20 million, a third less than what they spent on player payroll last year. To place it in perspective, that's $5 million less than what the club will receive in revenue-sharing, which is projected to be $25 million.

Below is the top 10 clubs by operating income for this year's Forbes valuations.

Forbes most profitable

 

Who's Making the Least, or "Losing" Money

A clear indication that MLB's financial state is extremely robust, five years ago the Forbes valuations showed 16 clubs with operating income in the red. This year sees 3 clubs, the Blue Jays ($1.8 million), Red Sox ($19.1 million), and Yankees ($47.3 million) posting "losses". In the case of the Yankees posting a considerable operating loss, it is due to their exceptionally high player payroll (a record $218.3 million), and dolling out the vast majority of all funds paid into revenue-sharing ($100 million).

Note, however, that "losses" are in quotes as all three of these clubs have significant stakes in Regional Sports Networks (RSNs) that contribute to their bottom lines, but skirt the edges of what is technically counted as club revenues. As reported by Ozanian and Badenhausen, "For the owners of the Yankees and Red Sox, the huge dividends they get from their unconsolidated cable networks more than make up for the teams' losses. Meanwhile Rogers Communications, which owns the Blue Jays, their stadium and the cable channel that televises its games, derives huge benefits from owning the Blue Jays not reflected on its team's [Profit & Lose] statement."

Below are the clubs showing the least amount of operating income, or in the case of the Blue Jays, Red Sox, and Yankees, operating loss

 

Forbes least profitable

The Yankees Continue To Build an Empire

In the wake of the Red Sox winning two World Series championships in the last four years, some have said that the Red Sox, not the Yankees, are the new “Evil Empire.” While there is little discounting that the Red Sox are healthy in every respect financially, when compared to the Yankees, the Sox are still a distant second.

How far are they behind the Yankees? Consider the following: According to the Forbes valuations when accounting for inflation, the value of the Yankees in 2002 ($857,303,982.31) is greater than what the Red Sox are reported to be worth now ($816 million).

According to Ozanian and Badenhausen, “The Yankee brand (the portion of the team's value attributable to its name) alone is worth $241 million, almost as much as the entire Florida Marlins franchise.”

The value of the Yankees should hit $1.5 billion with the opening of new Yankee Stadium (see information on new Yankee Stadium here) in 2009.

Below shows how the Yankees value is compared to the Red Sox over the last six years (not adjusted for inflation)

Yankees Red Sox Valuations

Value of team based on values, such as current stadium deal (unless new stadium is pending) without deduction for debt (other than stadium debt).

An Angelic Rise in Value

In southern California, there are clear signs that in-part, private ownership has yielded better increases in value than under corporate ownership. Case in point, the incredible rise in value for the Angels.

Since Arte Moreno, the billboard advertiser magnate, purchased the club from the Walt Disney Co. in 2003 for $180 million, there has been a steady increase in the value of the club (see graph below, adjusted for inflation). While most all clubs have seen values increase above inflation, the Angels have climbed in value 48 percent during Moreno’s ownership tenure, when adjusting for inflation from approx $258.1 million to $500 million.

What has been amazing is that the Angels meteoric rise in value has come without a new stadium, or stadium related revenues such as new luxury suites. The Angels also have not seen lavish revenues from full or partial ownership of an RSN, such as the Red Sox or Yankees enjoy.

What Moreno has done is take lessons learned from his advertising background, and applied it to the Angels, most notably through the controversial renaming of the franchise to include the words “Los Angeles”, and gave Scouting and Player Development the flexibility to field competitive teams and sign key free agents.

"When Arte purchased the Angels, he did so with a short-term strategy and a long-term vision," said Angels spokesman, Tim Mead. "Located in the second biggest media market in the country, he emphasized we were a big-market club and would conduct ourselves accordingly."

Mead points out that Moreno's change in direction happened almost immediately.  With changes in branding of the color red, Angels Baseball, and the letter "A" that became focal points for the business side of the organization.   

"Our success is based on the fan experience at Angel Stadium, affordability of tickets, concessions and merchandising, as well as the expectations of our on-field product." 

The graph below outlines how the Angels have continued to climb in value by showing their ranking compared to the other 30 clubs since 2002.  

Angels Valuations

Below are the approx. values by way of Forbes, both non and inflation adjusted

Year
Rank
Value
Inflation Adj.
2002
23rd
$195M
$229,005,858
2003
20th
$225M
$258,044,462
2004
20th
$241M
$271,240,717
2005
17th
$294M
$320,320,585
2006
13th
$368M
$387,761,600
2007
13th
$431M
$431,000,000
2008
6th
$500M
$500,000,00

Are the Rockies Headed Back in the Right Direction?

There’s little denying that the surprise performance of last year’s season was the Colorado Rockies. Defying the odds, the team that hadn’t had a winning season since 2000, and was last seen in the playoffs in 1995, went all the way to the World Series last year before meeting up with the Red Sox and ending their Cinderella run.

The club was in need of the performance as the club has cycled down in value since being so successful after expanding into the league. At the end of March, the club renewed their naming rights deal with Coors Brewing for 10-years, and added in-stadium naming rights to two sections within the ballpark. The premium seats and lounge area behind home plate is now known as the Coors Clubhouse. The picnic area behind centerfield is called Coors Field Picnic Area. The financial terms were not released, but it is bound to continue pulling the Rockies out of their recent valuation slide.

How badly were the winning and naming rights deals needed? Looking at the 6-year set of Forbes data sees the Rockies as the club that has increased in value the least. In fact, the Yankees have increased in value 24 times as much as the team from Colorado.

While the raw figures show an increase in valuation from 2002 to 2008 for the Rockies, when adjusting for inflation, the Rockies are actually worth less today than in 2002 dollars (see image and graph below)

Forbes Rockies

Year
Value
Inflation Adj.
2002
$347M
$408M
2003
$304M
$349M
2004
$285M
$321M
2005
$290M
$316M
2006
$298M
$314M
2007
$317M
$317M
2008
$371M
$371

Bottom Feeders

South Florida has the dubious distinction of being home to not one, but two of the least valuable franchises over the course of the past six years. Both the Marlins and Rays have been in the bottom five in value every year, and to make matters worse, they have ranked at 29th or 30th more than any other clubs. The Marlins have been 29th or 30th three times (30th in 2007 and 2008, and 29th in 2003) while the Rays hold the “very bottom” rankings five times (30th in 2005 and 2006, and 29th in 2007 and 2008).

 The now Tampa Bay Rays (the word "Devil" has been removed, and a complete team rebranding has taken place with both uniforms and logos), have also set eyes on redeveloping Al Lang Field in downtown St. Petersburg. To offset costs, the land (85 acres) where Tropicana Field is located would be redeveloped as a major retail, entertainment, and housing development. (See renderings of the proposed open-air Rays facility and other details, like you see in the image to the right)

In the case of the Marlins, their value has remained low, in part, due to playing in Dolphin Stadium, a substandard facility, and one in which they do not control the revenue streams as former Marlins owner Wayne Huizenga owns the facility. That may change as the Marlins are close to landing funding for a retractable roof stadium on the site of the former Orange Bowl (see renderings of one proposed design). Nevertheless, one of the primary reasons that the Marlins continue slice margins by setting the aforementioned player payroll so exceedingly low. To place this in perspective, the largest increase in value occurred the year after the Marlins won the World Series in 2003. The value increased 26 percent the year after in 2004 but has since declined in each consecutive year.

See graph showing percent of change from the year prior for both the Marlins and Rays:

Year
Marlins
Rays
Value
% of Increase
From Year
Prior
Value
% of Increase
From Year
Prior
2002
$137M
N/A
$142M
1%
2003
$136M
-1%
$145M
2%
2004
$172M
26%
$152M
2%
2005
$206M
19%
$176M
16%
2006
$226M
10%
$209M
19%
2007
$244M
8%
$267M
28%
2008
$256M
5%
$290M
8%

Other Points of Interest

  • Unsurprisingly, the Yankees have been the most valuable of all the franchises during the course of the six years examined.
  • The Mets and Red Sox have jockeyed back and forth in the #2 ranking, with the Red Sox holding the distinction in consecutive years (2004-2006) and the Mets holding the honors in 2002-2003 and 2007-2008.
  • The largest increases in value from 2007 to 2008: Rockies (17%); Nationals, Angels and White Sox (16%); Brewers (15%); Indians, Tigers, and Twins (14%); and Rangers and Red Sox (13%)
  • Largest increase in value for a given year: 114 percent when the then MLB owned Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals were relocated to D.C. in 2005.
  • Largest figures for operating income over the six-year period: Washington Nationals ($43.7 million in 2008), Florida Marlins ($43.3 million, 2007 and $35.6 million in 2008), Cleveland Indians ($34.6 million in 2006) and Baltimore Orioles ($34 million in 2006)
  • Years by clubs reporting a loss by way of operating income (NOTE: Forbes’ 2003 figures shows more than half the league running at a loss): 2008 (3) – Yankees, Red Sox, Blue Jays, 2007 (1) – Yankees, 2006 (5) – Yankees, Red Sox, Mets, Marlins, Angels. 2005 (10) – Yankees, Red Sox, Mets, Dodgers, Mariners, Cardinals, Angels, Rockies, D-Backs, Twins, 2004 (14) – Yankees, Mets, Dodgers, Braves, Cardinals, Rangers, Phillies, D-Backs, Angels, Pirates, Marlins, Twins, Expos, 2003 (16) – Red Sox, Dodgers, Rangers, Indians, Astros, Cardinals, D-Backs, Phillies, Tigers, Angels, Pirates, Brewers, Blue Jays, Royals, Marlins, Expos, 2002 (10) – Red Sox, Dodgers, Indians, Rangers, D-Backs, Cardinals, White Sox, Blue Jays, Devil Rays, Expos
  • Largest reported figures for operating at a loss: Yankees (-$50 million in 2006, -$47.3 million in 2008, and $-37.1 million in 2005), Angels (-$30 million in 2005) and Dodgers ($-29.6 million in 2002)

League Averages, By Year

The following shows the average value, 1-year change, debt/value ratio, revenues, and operating income for the league by year of the study. 

League Avgs.: 2002 - 2008
Year
Value
1-Yr Value Change (%)
Debt/
Value
(%)
Rev
($mil)
Op Income ($mil)
2002
$286.3M
11
39.3
119.5
2.5
2003
$290.5M
3
N/A
N/A
-1.3
2004
$292.1M
8.24
43.1
129.3
-1.9
2005
$332M
14.5
39.7
142.3
4.42
2006
376.5
14.9
33.5
157.8
12.06
2007
431.5
14.8
35.2
170.4
16.52
2008
471.6
9.21
32.7
150.4
16.41

Conclusions

The obvious finding in looking at the Forbes figures is that all the clubs are in a healthy state these days. Valuations continue to climb, and fewer and fewer clubs are operating under what Forbes sees as operating loss.

What the figures also show is that often times, the clubs that have cried poverty in the past, or said that they would be unable to compete in the free agency market without considerable assistance by way of revenue-sharing, are, in fact, pulling in healthy profits.

And while one can shrug off that issue by saying all the clubs are making more money, there are signs that the most valuable are growing at a rate faster than their mid-to-low level counterparts. In other words, there is an increasing disparity in valuation.

That would make sense; larger market clubs such as the Yankees, Red Sox, Mets, Dodgers, Angels, Cubs, and White Sox should be in a position to increase their values by way of RSNs, more lucrative sponsorship deals, and increased brand recognition. The good news is that during Selig's tenure, the institution of revenue-sharing, and to a larger extent, the introduction of the Wild Card has allowed more parity in terms of the standings than ever before.

Finally, as mentioned at the outset, Forbes and MLB may come to different figures each year. However, it is clear that until MLB decides to open their books to the public, the Forbes valuations paint a clear picture in terms of trends in the industry. In 2008, when it comes to MLB, business is good.


References:

  • All data referenced, Forbes 
  • NOTE: Use the following link to see all data used for the historical references (2002-2008)
  • Revenues and operating income are for a given season and include revenue sharing.
  • "Value" - Value of team for a given year based on current stadium deal (unless new stadium is pending), without deduction for debt (other than stadium debt).
  • "% of Change" - Current team value compared with most recent transaction.
  • "Debt/Value" - Includes stadium debt.
  • "Operating Income" - earnings before interest, taxes and depreciation.
  • "N/A" - not applicable.

Maury Brown

Maury Brown is the Founder and President of the Business of Sports Network, which includes The Biz of Baseball, The Biz of Football, The Biz of Basketball and The Biz of Hockey. He is contributor to Baseball Prospectus, and is available as a freelance writer.

Brown's full bio is here. He looks forward to your comments via email and can be contacted through the Business of Sports Network.

 
 
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